Reasons for the 1848 Revolutions
Mauricio Espinoza Belair
Created on October 8, 2023
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Lead-up to the 1848 Revolutions
- Discrimination against other nationals across Europe, such as British discrimination towards the Irish
- Working class opposes wishes of the bourgeoisie (class that controls the means of production)
- Opposition to harsh working conditions, slavery and indentured servitude.
- Potato famine caused an increase in food prices due to lower supply of food. Most affected are urban masses and the poor
- Laws in Europe beneffitted landowners and factory workers
- Bourgeoisie sought to maintain power and profits.
- Great European Famine leads to the decrease in food availability across Europe. Millions end up starving.
- Bad crop harvests and blight lead to massive movements of people from the country to the cities
- Urban cities plagued with disease due to unsanitary conditions
- Disenfranchisment of the people: most of a nation's citizens could not vote
- Only taxpayers and landowners allowed to vote
- Monarchs at the time wanted to remain in control
- Legislative bodies were not representative of the people, and focused on their own special interests.
- Discrimination against Catholics in Great Britain
- Transition from artisan work to factory work
- Spread of ideas of revolution and workers' rights in the aftermath of the French Revolution
- Liberal and Radical segments of society seeking more rights from Conservative and Reactionary elements of society.