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Educational Philosophy and Your Teaching

Fact Sheet

The philosophy of teaching


  1. Branches of Philosophy
  2. Philosophies of education
  3. Forming a Philosophy

Branches of Philosophy

  • Epistemology- the branch of philosophy that deals with knowledge and questions.
  • Metaphysics- considers questions of reality and ultimately attempts to answer the question “What is real?”
  • Axiology- examines values and ethics, issues prominent in American education.
  • Logic- influences how we think about the world.

Kauchak, D., & Eggen, P. (2021). Introduction to Teaching: Becoming a Professional, 7th Ed. Pearson

Forming a Philosophy

A philosophy or a plan or a guide of education.

Philosophies of Education

  • Progressivism- views goals as dynamic and evolving and emphasizes that learning should be experience-based and relevant to students’ lives.
  • Essentialism- suggests that a critical core of information exists that all people should possess, schools should emphasize basic skills and academic subjects, and students should master these subjects.
  • Social reconstructionism- sees schools and other social institutions in need of restructuring, with marginalized people and their works elevated to more prominent positions in the content of schooling.