Dayra Rios- Ch 5. Fact sheet
Created on October 7, 2023
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Educational Philosophy and Your Teaching
The philosophy of teaching
- Branches of Philosophy
- Philosophies of education
- Forming a Philosophy
Branches of Philosophy
- Epistemology- the branch of philosophy that deals with knowledge and questions.
- Metaphysics- considers questions of reality and ultimately attempts to answer the question “What is real?”
- Axiology- examines values and ethics, issues prominent in American education.
- Logic- influences how we think about the world.
Kauchak, D., & Eggen, P. (2021). Introduction to Teaching: Becoming a Professional, 7th Ed. Pearson
Forming a Philosophy
A philosophy or a plan or a guide of education.
Philosophies of Education
- Progressivism- views goals as dynamic and evolving and emphasizes that learning should be experience-based and relevant to students’ lives.
- Essentialism- suggests that a critical core of information exists that all people should possess, schools should emphasize basic skills and academic subjects, and students should master these subjects.
- Social reconstructionism- sees schools and other social institutions in need of restructuring, with marginalized people and their works elevated to more prominent positions in the content of schooling.