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Transcript

Connectivism Learning Theory

Learning Theories

Sociocultural Learning Theory

Adult Learning Theory

ReferencesGoldie, J. G. S. (2016). Connectivism: A knowledge learning theory for the digital age? Medical Teacher, 38(10), 1064–1069. https://doi-org.lopes.idm.oclc.org/10.3109/0142159X.2016.1173661 Knowles, M. (1988). The adult learner: A neglected species. Houston, TX: Gulf.Siemens G. 2006. Connectivism. Learning theory or pastime for the self-amused [cited 2015 Aug]. Available from: http://www.elearnspace. org/Articles/connectivism_self-amused.htm

  • The major theorist associated with this theory is George Siemens
  • The major characteristics of this theory are that "connectivism is a conceptual framework which views learning as a network phenomenon influenced by technology and socialization" (Siemens 2006).
  • The role of memory according to this theory is "nurturing and maintaining connections is needed to facilitate continual learning" (Siemens, 2006).
  • In connectivism there is no real concept of transferring knowledge, making knowledge, or building knowledge. Instead, it emerges from the connections that are formed during network activity. (Goldie, 2016)
  • The types of learning best explained by this theory involve learning in groups that offer time for each learner to share their opinion especially using technology.
Goldie, J. G. S. (2016). Connectivism: A knowledge learning theory for the digital age? Medical Teacher, 38(10), 1064–1069. https://doi-org.lopes.idm.oclc.org/10.3109/0142159X.2016.1173661 Siemens G. 2006. Connectivism. Learning theory or pastime for the self-amused [cited 2015 Aug]. Available from: http://www.elearnspace. org/Articles/connectivism_self-amused.htm

Connectivism

  • The major theorist associated with this theory is Malcolm Knowles
  • Major characteristics of this theory are that “adults learn based on their (a) need to know; (b) self-concept; (c) experiences; (d) readiness to learn; (e) orientation to learning; and (f) motivation” (Knowles, 1988).
  • The role of memory according to this theory is that adults remember new information that is deemed important/ a priority for their interest.
  • According to this theory, adults learn based on their experiences whether they are good or bad
  • The types of learning best explained by this theory are self-motivation, eagerness to learn and gaining experience.
Knowles, M. (1988). The adult learner: A neglected species. Houston, TX: Gulf.

Adult Learning Theory

  • The major theorist associated with this theory is Lev Vygotsky
  • Learning is acquired through interactions with others in their environment/community/culture
  • Memory occurs through the learners Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD), which is what the learner can do with assistance and what they do independently.
  • According to this theory, learning occurs through socialization and play.
  • The types of learning best explained by this theory include scaffolding, such as breaking down a multi-step word problem in math by having students work on 1 part of the problem at a time.

Sociocultural