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The national Children's museum of civil Equality

We hope you enjoy learning about the Civil Rights Movement!

Freedom Riders

Montgomery Bus Boycott

Greensboro Sit-ins

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The national Children's museum of civil Equality

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Freedom Riders

Montgomery Bus Boycott

Greensboro Sit-ins

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The national Children's museum of civil Equality

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Freedom Riders

Montgomery Bus Boycott

Greensboro Sit-ins

The national Children's museum of civil Equality

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Freedom Riders

Montgomery Bus Boycott

Greensboro Sit-ins

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The Greensboro Sit-Ins

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The Greensboro Sit-ins were a protestive event that took place in 1960, when 4 African American students asked to be served food at a white only lunch counter, and were denied every time they asked. They sat at the counter for the whole buisness day, with one purpose: to get served food. The next day, more than 3 times as many students sat at the lunch counter, and even more were still to come! By the 5th day, the amount of students who were sitting at the bar was over 300 students! Its so nice that people are willing to stand up to millions of people just of their rights! 😁 Did you know that while they were sitting at the lunch counter, people around them were attacking, insulting, and hurting the African Americans. Luckily, the Sit-ins were not for nothing, as they rusulted in the buisnesses losing money, which convinced them to allow African Americans to order from the stores, restaurants, and lunch counters.

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The Freedom Riders

In May of 1961, 13 People (7 African American and 6 White) left Washington D.C. on a crosscountry journey to New Orleans for one reason, to test their rights. These Volunteers wanted to see if they could sit where they want, eat in integrated dining rooms, and use integrates facilities in the South. The Riders were able to pass through Virginia without any trouble, but once they reached the Carolinas, they met the first sign of opposition, where they were attacked by a small group of segregationists. They made it out without harm for the most part, and traveled through Georgia without any Violence. In Alabama however, the bus the Freedom Riders were on was attacked and fire-bombed near Anniston, Alabama. One rider was beaten on the head with a baseball bat, and others were also attacked. They eventually made it out, only to meet more voilence in downtown Anniston, where the bus driver managed to make a narrow escape. They continue to Birmingham Alabama, and are met with even more Violence, led by Police Commissioner Eugene Connor. This is when the bus drivers refused to drive any African American Passengers. Robert Kennedy ordered for a "Cool-off" which ended the first Freedom Rider mission. Later, in May of 1961, 12 more freedom riders are sent to Alabama to continue the journey. When they arrive in Jackson Mississippi however, they are arrested for "The Breach of Peace". Even with these violent attacks, more Freedom Riders are sent throughout the summer. Finally, in September of that same year, Robert F. Kennedy issues a new law ending discrimination on public transportation.

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The Montgomery Bus Boycott

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In December of 1955, the first major movement towards Civil Equality was made when a middle aged African American Women named Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on a segregated bus to a white man. Rosa Parks supported civil equality, and was part of The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, or NAACP for short. On December first of 1955, she was sitting in the front of the black section of a bus when she and 3 other African Americans were asked to give up their seat for a white man. The other 3 gave up their seat without question, but Rosa Parks, who was tired of getting pushed around, refused to give up her seat. She was immediately arrested and prosecuted for not giving up a seat on a publicc bus. This sent outrage to African Americans and some Whites across the country, and set up the beginning of something great. The following monday, the Montgomery Improvement Association (MIA) organized a boycott of all busses in Montgomery Alabama. All blacks that usually took the busses refused to ride the busses, and would instead walk to work. The African Americans worked together to organize carpools and other alternate forms of transportation to get to work with. The Boycott was eventually very succesful, as it costed the bus companies hundreds of thousands of dollars. Eventually, the Supreme Court stated that bus segregation was unconstitutional, and officially banned bus segregation in the United States. Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott inspired many people to stand up for their rights, including a young Minister named Martin Luther King Jr.

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The Artifact Room

This is a photograph of the African Americans Walking to work during the Montgomery bus boycott. Many of them were late to work, and others lost their way to work, but it was worth it for them to gain civil equality.

This is a pitcure of Rosa Parks, who was the person who inspired the Montgomery bus boycott, and by extension, the Civil Rights movement itself!

This is a photo of Rosa Parks sitting on the bus before she was asked to give up her seat for a white man. By refusing, she jumpstarted a movement that would last for decades to come!

The Artifact Room

This is a photo of the aftermath of the attack and bombing of the bus the Freedom Riders were on. This bombing, which took place in Anniston, AL, shows how much Violence the African Americans were met with when they fought for their rights.

This photo shows the Freedom Riders Riding on a bus in Georgia. They did not know at the time that less than a day later, that bus would be in flames during the aftermath of the attack of the peaceful Protesters.

This is a photograph of photos of the brave men and women who risked their health and freedom fighting for their rights. These are the Original Freedom Riders.

The Artifact Room

This photo shows the African Americans sitting at the lunch counter on the second day. After the first day of the Sit-in, more than 40 more African Americans joined in to protest equal rights and resteraunts and diners.

This is a photograph of the African Americans getting water poured on them during the Sit-in. Even while being attacked and insulted, the African Americans powered through it for their rights!

This photo shows African American Protesters protesting outside of the Woolworth lunch diner. This shows how the Protesting spread and inspired even more people to join!