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Civil rights museum

By Evan Talbit and Ernest Cembala

Greensboro

Birmingham

MLK

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Greensboro Sit-ins

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In Greensboro, North Carolina, four students decided to protest by sitting in a white only lunch counter. They were refused service but the students still sat unmoving at the counter. The students sat there peacefully and didn't move even when threatened with violence. This led to people to start movements all over the south. After a few days almost a hundred african americans were participating in the sit-ins. Store owners were starting to integrate their restaurants to stop losing money. In the end they chose peace over violence.

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Artifacts

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The first four people to protest at a counter were the Greensboro four.

The old lunch counters were turned into museums.

The people participating in the sit ins just sat there as people put stuff at there heads.

Some of the restaurants that the sit-ins happened at are now museums for people to visit. People can see what the restaurants looked like in the 1960's and know how they lived.

There were so many people contributing to the sit-ins that the businesses were losing money due to less seats being open for customers that were going to buy something. Eventually they decided to give in and stop losing money

The protesters at the Greensboro sit-ins were silent and unresponsive even when people were pouring drinks on their heads. They were very brave because they never knew what would happen to them

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Birmingham

Birmingham was known as a very segregated city. The police chief was also very anti-integration. When Martin Luther King came to Birmingham he was arrested and was in jail for weeks. While in jail he wrote a "Letter from a Brimingham jail" which explained his goals for the Civil Rights Movement. Thousands of children were organized to march in Birmingham. This didn't go well with the authorities, they sprayed kids with high power hoses and used attack dogs to stop them. When people saw what was happening to children they decided to desegregate but this didn't stop hatred and violence in the community eventually led to 4 girls dying.

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Artifacts

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Children were brutally attacked by dogs.

Children were arrested and taken to jail.

Children were blasted with high power hoses.

Unlike most of the civil rights protests and marches that happened, the march at Birmingham was violent with dogs attacking children. The police realized the attack dogs on children this led people to realize how bad segregation was.

Some kids who supported the civil rights movement joined the march in Birmingham thinking they wouldn't get attacked. They were wrong firemen came out of the trucks and sprayed them with the highly pressurized water. Many children were injured.

Adults were going to jail and some didn't want to march so children went to march. Children as young as 6 years old, had to face the violence and some of them were taken to jail.

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On August 28, 1963 Martin Luther King led a march in Washington D.C. They marched all the way to the steps of the Lincoln Memorial. Around 250,000 people attended his speech. This speech was very important in gaining support for the Civil Rights Movement.

I Have a Dream Speach

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Artifacts

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Martin Luther King Jr. gave his speech on a podium.

He gave his speech behind the Lincoln Memorial.

There were huge amounts of people watching.

Martin Luther King did his speech in front of the Lincoln Memorial with Lincoln's statue looking at him while he looked. This was very memorable because Lincoln was fighting for civil rights just like Martin.

After the march on Washington all the people gathered to hear Martin Luther King's Speech. There were over 250,000 people to witness his "I Have a Dream" speech.

Martin Luther KIng Jr. said his speech on his podium which was on top of a staircase leading to the Lincoln memorial. All of the people in the huge crowd could see him.