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Mitigation Strategies

Reservation and conversation of natural landscapes (carbon sinks).



Carbon Cycle

Amazon Rainforest known as “Lungs of the world” (Absorbs 25% of all Co2 absorbed by land in the world however this has declined by 30% since 1990 due to deforestation) Meaning carbon cycle is become inundated with more carbon than it can handle. However recently it has been stated it has been releasing more carbon dioxide then it has been absorbing thanks to deforestation and “slash and burn techniques”.

Peat Bogs

Peat Bogs can store twice of much carbon as the world’s forests, located across essentially all countries.

Carbon Stores

Huge carbon stores of maintained forests can also help respiratory health among citizens in urbanised areas as more harmful exhaust emissions are instead absorbed by forests meaning there are less respiratory illnesses among the people. Further in natural rainforests maintaining and conserving the rainforests means natural tribes who call the rainforests their home can stay there, no having to be disturbed and not having to be wiped out by illness or lack of land.


Conversation/reservation of natural forests and rainforests mean that more carbon Is absorbed by photosynthesis in the carbon cycle, this reduces the amount of total carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and creates large carbon stores.

Includes Things Like: Selective Logging, Planting Trees, Maintaining Peet Bogs.

It Mitigates climate change as it prevents more carbon dioxide from trapping the heat within earth reducing part of the greenhouse effect/global warming.


In Malaysia for Example timber and palm leaf oil extractions are imperative to the economic stability of Malaysia and the logging business gives jobs to many people in Malysia furthermore logging of the rainforests provide more land for the growing population of Malysia. Brazilian farmers need the land for cattle farming to provide for their expanding population and provide for their families.

In Favour Of Logging & Deforestation:

“Worldwide, we have now destroyed over half of the forest that once flourished on our planet. Not only are we losing the animals that once lived on them, we're also changing the climate of the entire globe.” – David Attenborough, renowned British naturalist and broadcaster.

Protecting the rainforest is imperative as over 3 million species of animals live in the rainforest, 1/3 of all tropical tree species and undiscovered species and medicinal plants still could be found within the rainforest. Apart from the huge carbon store the rainforest is many uncontacted tribes make their home there, destroying this natural habitat and carbon store will only hurt the planet.

Not In Favour Of Logging & Deforestation:

- Many Countries rely on unsustainable practices like logging (deforestation), production of goods in factories and oil/gas extraction for their economies. - Many NEEs and LICs call the agreements hypocrisy as many if not all HICs profited off of unsustainable practices like deforestation and industrial output to develop their countries. - Worldwide laws/agreements are hard to implements as many countries have their own culture, laws and parliaments plus the citizens of countries may see these bans as infringement on their rights. - TNCs that rely on Oil/Gas extraction will lose a large portion of their income and these TNCs often times provide jobs, infrastructure and welfare to the nations they operate in. (Some of these jobs are often times given to those that work overseas). - Places like the Oceans and Antarctica are owned by nobody so political rifts could be caused if one country decides to fully try and help mitigate climate change as they may be seen as having ulterior motives.

The Issues...

International Agreements like the Paris Agreement in 2015 was one of the first major worldwide steps into mitigating and reducing the impacts of climate change. International Agreements are very important to helping mitigate climate change as Governments hold the majority of the power in the world. They can impose laws, fines and promote sustainability to help mitigate climate change.

They can pass laws to protect huge carbon stores, they can significantly reduce carbon emissions by producing bans on Petrol/diesel vehicles.Furthermore, governments are the ones who fund developments for cleaner more sustainable energies, they can fund developments on technologies to help mitigate climate change and can fund research into understanding more about the carbon cycle such as the Aerosol Seeds within clouds to help produce a negative feedback loop to try and cool down the earth.

International agreements:

Furthermore, cleaning up the pollution/litter within the oceans prevents damage to corals reefs that absorb Co2.(Great Barrier reef, repopulating it, plants absorb co2, holds around 1.8 billion tonnes of Carbon) (Maldives construction projects on the way to repopulate the dead corals so they can absorb more C02)

To mitigate the dissolved Co2 being released from the oceans we need to find a way to cool down the oceans so they do not release both greenhouse gases these being water vapour and carbon dioxide furthermore conservation of Corals reefs is imperative to helping mitigate climate change as they too act as carbon stores.

The oceans on produce 50% of the carbon we need, absorb 25% of all carbon produced on earth and remove 90% of the heat generated from exhaust emissions.

Reducing CO2 In The Atmosphere Using The Oceans...

Changing Farming Strategies

To Conclude - Mitigation Strategy 4

Using More sustainable farming strategies is imperative to mitigating climate change this is because the agriculture industry is responsible for 11% of Global Carbon Emissions combine that with the deforestation and soil erosion of land to build farms. The cattle industry is responsible for releasing 3.1 gigatonnes of carbon annually, furthermore the Co2 released in kill houses and the carbon released by cows when they are killed contribute to climate change using technologies like Carbon capture and overall reducing the amount of meat, we eat annually are the main strategies in mitigating climate change. Using agroforestry is a major way farmers can become more sustainable by making parts of their farms large carbon capture schemes, reducing the co2 released into the atmosphere via the carbon cycle.