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Transcript

Samurai

start

Leonardo Di febo

8. Thanks

7. Samurai now

6. The Decline

5. Weapons

4. Armour

3. Bushido

2. History

1. What is a samurai?

Index

A samurai was a member of the military nobility in feudal Japan, known for their skilled combat abilities and adherence to a strict code of conduct called Bushido. Samurai served as warriors, protectors, and administrators during Japan's feudal period, which spanned from the late 12th century to the late 19th century. They were typically skilled in martial arts, swordsmanship (kenjutsu), and archery (kyujutsu), and they played a significant role in shaping Japan's history and culture. The samurai class emphasized values such as honor, loyalty, and self-discipline, and they served various feudal lords known as daimyo.

Edo Period
Feudal Era

History

  1. (Late 12th to Late 19th Century)
  2. (1603-1868)
  3. Meiji Restoration (Late 19th Century)

bushido

Greaves (Suneate)

Thigh Guards (Haidate)

Arm Guards (Kote)

Shoulder Guards (Sode)

Curiass (Do)

Armour (gusoku)

Helmet (Kabuto)

Weapons

Yari (Spear)

Wakizashi

Yumi (Bow)

Katana

Shuriken

Tetsubo

Kusarigama

Naginata

The decline

The decline of the samurai occurred during the late 19th century, primarily as a result of the Meiji Restoration and the subsequent modernization of Japan. Several factors contributed to the decline of the samurai class: the end of fedaulism, the abolition of Han System, the disarmament and the loss of privileges

In modern times, the traditional role of the samurai as feudal-era warriors has largely disappeared. However, the legacy and influence of the samurai persist in several ways like historical culture or martial arts

Samurai nowdays

Thanks!

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Helmet (Kabuto)

Samurai helmets were often adorned with elaborate crests and made from iron or leather. The bowl-shaped design protected the head from both strikes and arrows. A face mask called a "menpo" was sometimes attached to the helmet to protect the face.

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Shoulder Guards (Sode)

Sode were large, rectangular shoulder guards attached to the cuirass. They protected the shoulders and upper arms and were often highly decorative.

Respect for one's superiors, peers, and even enemies was essential. This included following proper etiquette and showing deference to authority figures.

Greaves (Suneate)

Suneate protected the shins and calves. They were constructed from metal plates or chainmail and were often paired with armored shoes or sandals called "ashinaka."

Thigh Guards (Haidate)

Haidate protected the upper legs and thighs. They were typically made of cloth or leather and featured metal plates or chainmail for added protection.

Courage was a fundamental virtue. Samurai were trained to confront fear and danger without hesitation, both in battle and in everyday life.

- Tokugawa Shogunate: The Edo Period was marked by relative peace and stability under the Tokugawa Shogunate. Samurai served as retainers to daimyo and were often responsible for administrative duties and upholding the peace.

Benevolence or compassion toward others, especially those who were weaker or in need of protection, was highly valued. Samurai were expected to act with kindness and empathy

Loyalty to one's lord (daimyo) and unwavering devotion to duty were of utmost importance. Samurai were bound by a strong sense of obligation to serve their lord and their clan.

Arm Guards (Kote)

Kote covered the arms and extended from the wrist to the upper arm. They were constructed from metal plates or chainmail and offered protection while allowing for maneuverability.

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- The Meiji Restoration marked the end of the samurai era. In 1868, the Meiji Emperor was restored to power, leading to the dissolution of the samurai class and the modernization of Japan. Samurai were stripped of their traditional privileges, including the right to carry swords.

Cuirass (Do)

The cuirass was the chest and backplate of the armor. It consisted of several metal or leather plates laced together with silk cords. The cuirass provided protection for the torso while allowing flexibility for combat.

- Kamakura Period (1185-1333): The rise of the samurai class began during this era. The Kamakura Shogunate marked the first centralized feudal government, with samurai serving as warriors and administrators. - Muromachi Period (1336-1573): During this period, Japan experienced the Ashikaga Shogunate. Samurai were further divided into different factions, leading to the Sengoku or Warring States period. - Sengoku Period (Late 15th to Late 16th Century): A time of civil unrest, this period saw intense conflict between various samurai clans and the emergence of powerful daimyo (feudal lords).

Honor was central to Bushido. Samurai were expected to maintain their personal honor at all costs. They would often commit seppuku (a form of ritual suicide) to restore their honor if it was tarnished.

Samurai were expected to be sincere and true to their word. Deceit and dishonesty were considered dishonorable.

Samurai were expected to act with integrity and make morally correct decisions. They were encouraged to be honest and just in their dealings with others.

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