Want to make creations as awesome as this one?

Transcript

©2022 Kapow Primary

www.kapowprimary.com

States of matter - Solids

©2023 Kapow Primary

www.kapowprimary.com

©2022 Kapow Primary

www.kapowprimary.com

Contents

©2022 Kapow Primary

www.kapowprimary.com

Can it change shape?

Can it be compressed?

What else is made from matter?

8

What happens when it is poured?

Solids

Conclusions about solids

9

6

7

Properties of solids

4

5

2

States of matter

3

Matter

1

Click to find out more about matter.

Matter

©2022 Kapow Primary

www.kapowprimary.com

©2023 Kapow Primary

1

www.kapowprimary.com

Materials are made from matter, even the ones we cannot see, like the air.

The balloon takes up space and can be weighed (3.0g).

The balloon has been blown up. Even though we cannot see air we can see it is taking up space in the balloon and it can also be weighed (3.1g).

Matter is anything that takes up space and can be weighed.

Click on all the things that are made from matter.

What else is made from matter?

©2022 Kapow Primary

www.kapowprimary.com

  • Materials like plastic, wood and glass are made from matter.
  • Everything that takes up space and can be weighed is made from matter.

©2023 Kapow Primary

2

Made from:

Made from:

Made from:

Made from:

www.kapowprimary.com

matter

matter

matter

matter

Click to reveal the name of each state on the diagram.

States of matter

©2022 Kapow Primary

www.kapowprimary.com

  • Matter can exist in three different states - solid, liquid and gas.
  • The state a material is depends on the temperature.
  • Some materials, like water, can exist in all three states depending on the temperature.

solid

©2023 Kapow Primary

liquid

gas

3

www.kapowprimary.com

?

?

?

Spot the object that is not a solid.

Solids

©2022 Kapow Primary

www.kapowprimary.com

modelling dough

oil

Examples of solids:

playing blocks

sand

water

solid

solid

liquid

mixture of solid and liquid (behaves like a solid overall)

©2023 Kapow Primary

4

www.kapowprimary.com

Objective: Click to reveal the testable questions.

Properties of solids

©2022 Kapow Primary

www.kapowprimary.com

©2023 Kapow Primary

5

www.kapowprimary.com

question 3

Can it change shape?

question 1

question 2

Can it be compressed?

What happens when it is poured?

What is a solid?

This deflated balloon is not taking up much 3D space - it has a small volume.

This inflated balloon is taking up more 3D space - it has a larger volume.

This balloon is being squashed to make the volume smaller - it has been compressed.

Click to find out more about volume and compression.

Can it be compressed?

©2022 Kapow Primary

www.kapowprimary.com

©2023 Kapow Primary

6

  • Volume is how much 3D space something takes up.
  • Something that can be squashed so that it takes up less space has been compressed.
  • Squashing can cause something to change shape but it must have a smaller volume to have been compressed.

The shape of the balloon has changed but the volume is the same - it has not been compressed.

www.kapowprimary.com

?

?

?

?

Click to find out more about flowing and pouring.

What happens when it is poured?

©2022 Kapow Primary

www.kapowprimary.com

  • When some things are poured, they will flow and others will not flow.
  • When some things are poured, they will take the shape of the container and others will make a pile.

The water flows from the jug to the glass and takes the shape of the glass.

?

?

©2023 Kapow Primary

7

www.kapowprimary.com

The sand flows from the truck and lands in a pile.

Can it change shape?

©2022 Kapow Primary

www.kapowprimary.com

  • Some things, when left, will stay the same shape.
  • Some things will take the shape of the container they are in.
  • Some things will escape their container if it has no lid!
  • Some things will change shape if a force is applied to them.

©2023 Kapow Primary

8

www.kapowprimary.com

will stay the same shape.

take the shape of the container

escape

force

Conclusions about solids

©2022 Kapow Primary

www.kapowprimary.com

Click to reveal the correct conclusion.

Reset

©2023 Kapow Primary

9

www.kapowprimary.com

Conclusion 2: A solid has a fixed shape and volume.

Conclusion 3: A solid does not have a fixed shape or volume.

Conclusion 1: A solid has a fixed volume but not a fixed shape.

correct

Incorrect - a solid cannot be compressed and the shape will only change if a force is applied.

Incorrect - a solid has a fixed shape; force must be applied to change the shape of a solid.

Yes.

No.

Yes.

No.

Yes.

No.

Conclusions about solids

©2022 Kapow Primary

www.kapowprimary.com

Reset

Click to reveal the correct conclusion.

©2023 Kapow Primary

9

www.kapowprimary.com

Conclusion 2: A solid has a fixed shape and volume.

Conclusion 3: A solid does not have a fixed shape or volume.

Conclusion 1: A solid has a fixed volume but not a fixed shape.

correct

Incorrect - a solid cannot be compressed and the shape will only change if a force is applied.

Incorrect - a solid has a fixed shape; force must be applied to change the shape of a solid.

Yes.

No.

Yes.

No.

Yes.

No.