Back to School 2023 2024 Verbal Behavior and the Operants
Created on May 25, 2023
Presenter: Heather Price, M.Ed, BCBA, LBS
Verbal behavior and the operants
3. Practice identifying the various operants
2. Outline the verbal operants and other important operants - mand, tact, echoic, intraverbal, motor imitation, listener responding, match to sample, textual, and transcription- review a description of each operant- view a video of each operant- answer questions about each operant
1. Review what operant and verbal operant behavior are and why the topic is important for our learners
Goals of today’s training
Many learners in the Autism Program have IEP goals linked specifically to these verbal operants.Verbal operants (and other operants) work together to help individuals be able to communicate, engage in social situations, and learn new skills. Deficits in one verbal operant can impact a child’s ability to do those things!
Why is talking about this important?
Operant is just another word for “learned behavior” and we will take a look at the various types of learned behaviors related to language. These learned behaviors related to language each serve a very specific function
These are learned behaviors that require verbal (or vocal) speech output. Additionally, they refer to behaviors that are emitted through the use of sign language or by writing.
Function: allows individuals to make requests and control their environment.
Name one mand you've emitted today already.
Function: allows the speaker to communicate about something they see, hear, smell, taste, or feel (aka – labeling your senses!)
What's a tact you could ask your leaners to emit based on this activity?
Function: allows the speaker to repeat what is heard (think of “echo”)
What's an echoic you could ask your leaners to emit based on this activity?
Mand, tact, or echoic?A student wants a turn and says “Can I have a turn, please?” The student asking or a turn is a(n) __________________.
Mand, tact, or echoic?A student sees a beach ball in the lesson and the student says “that’s a red, blue, and white beach ball”. The student saying “that’s a red, blue, and white beach ball is a(n)_______________.
Function: answering questions and fill-in-the-blank statements by using vocal speech (including sign language or by writing answers)
What's an intraverbal you could ask your learner about this activity?
Is this an intraverbal? Teacher asks "How are you today?" Student says "I'm doing well."
Other important operants
These operants are learned behaviors but do not utilize verbal or vocal speech (nor do they utilize sign language or writing responses)
Function: to see someone else perform an action and repeat that same action
Motor Imitation example
What's a motor imitation you could have your learners do related to this activity?
Did the child engage in motor imitation? A child sees their mom get a watering can then he also gets a watering can to water the flowers.
Did the child engage in motor imitation? A mom says “Can you hand me the watering can, please?” Their child gives the mom the watering can.
Function: Hearing someone say something and showing your understanding by doing what they said (does not require you to speak)
Listener Responding example
What's a listener response you could have your learners do related to this activity?
Is this motor imitation or listener responding? A child sees their teacher wave and the child then waves.
Is this motor imitation or listener responding? A teacher says “wave” and the child waves.
Match to sample
Function: Demonstrating correlation by pairing items together by feature, function, classes, etc.
Match to Sample example
What's a match to sample question you could ask the learners related to this activity?
Is this match to sample? A teacher says “find the cup” and the child points to the cup
Is this match to sample? A teacher says “match” and the child puts the cup with the other cup.
Function: being able to write spoken words
What's a transcription question you could ask the learners related to this activity?
Function: seeing a written word and reading it
What's a textual question you could ask the learners related to this activity?
1. Grab a scrap piece of paper2. number it 1-133 write down the operant as it's presented on the videoI'll play 30 seconds of the video (13 different operants) and then check our answers!
7. "What's this called?"
13. "What color is my hair?"
6. "What color is your mom's car?"
12. "Touch your nose"
5. "Say 3, 5, 6"
11. "Say 34."
4. "Touch the one with wheels"
10. "Do you have any pets?"
3. "Show me clapping"
9. "Say go fast!"
2. "What am I doing?" knocking
8. "What do you do in a bed?"
1. "Do this" thumbs up
for listeningfor participating for being educators!