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José Ángel M. P.


Cosmology and Cosmovision

4. Clothing

3. Myths and Traditions

2. Religious Ceremony

1. Economic Subsistence


Economic Subsistence

The relationship between the Explorers and the English-speaking blacks, increased in terms of business and economic development in the same year, a factory was established on the island for canning coconut, copra and other materials to be exported to Grand Cayman and New Orleans.

In 1940 the Isleños produced and sold coyol to the butter and oil factories established in La Ceiba; the establishment of African palm plantations in Atlántida and Colón discontinued coyol production in the Bay Islands. They grew bananas and exported them to the United States of America directly from the Bay Islands, during the years of 1900. This allowed to exchange products with the Americans, they also processed the banana to process a flour called cancantiee, this flour was demanded in the United States

Religious ceremony

In 1848 the first missionaries arrived in the name of Christianity to doctrinate and drag with what they find in between, demonstrating their supremacy, residue of their predecessors.These missionaries organized church activities in private homes and on mountain tops. Little by little they were gathering the population.

To begin with, El Plat Pole and May Pole are different activities and neither is religious. Although it seems to have some relationship between the European element and the African one. Some aspects directly from African mythology. The contact of these two Worlds left several disciplines, in the attitude and cultural and religious activity of Europeans and Afrikans in the Americas; Similarly in the attitudes of the descendants of the miscegenation between the English and the Afrikans who remained on the island today known as the Caracoles.

The Isleños claim that the churches were important for occupying a main place in the decision-making of the community and for its convening power. Many times with influence in the formation of societies. Apart from this, in terms of from their spirituality and beliefs, English-speaking blacks preserve their traditional cosmogony by mixing their traditional rites and paying tribute to the church.

During the years of 1848 began to celebrate several church events such as:- Harvest (harvest festival)- Holy week- Gaster (resurrection of Christ etc.


Myths and Traditions

Astronomical Powers Deities: The state of time was detected by observing the bird, the clouds and the stars through which they observed and identified the natural phenomenon. There were old people who knew how to communicate with the sea, because they were also experts in navigation, knowledge inherited from their Afrikaans ancestors, they knew if there would be bad weather by observing the waves of the sea and the tracks left by the waves in the sand.

IThe myth and legend of the Black English-speaking people constitute a series of peculiarities that characterize their Afrikana character, some of the historical realities that they maintain despite their struggle in the process of extinction after their ancestors were victims of exploitation. Beliefs Mythology “They believed that near the airport in a blue house there was an evil spirit that had arrived in an envelope from Cayman, they said that it entered houses throwing things away. and that the people in the cars followed.”

Myths: "Every time a person walks alone at night, two spirits walk behind, one good and the other bad, they spend arguing among themselves, since one wants to hurt you and the other doesn't." - To know what they are going to do to you, you must first decide to break a stick.- If you turn to look to the left, the evil spirit will give you the worst scare of your life, that's why when you walk alone at night you hear something, you always turn to look to the right.- When you are combing and you drop the comb, you should stop on it before picking it up so that the hair does not fall out.

Some traditional rites1. Two people can't make the bed at the same time.2. And if you step back with your left foot as you walk you will not be welcome inplace where you go3. You can't sweep the house at night, so as not to sweep away luck.4. And if you break a mirror it will be 7 years of bad luck.5. And if you kill a cat you will have seven years of bad luck.6. And if you open a sober house in the house you will marry an old man.7. During Holy Week they said that there was a spirit called (goblin)They also said that if one bathed in the sea one would become a fish.The day before they put the girls to break an egg to find out their fate.8. The time on the clock they knew the time with the crow of a rooster, the sun, the mark,the shadow.9. The pregnant woman knew the time that she would give birth according to the moon.


The true Isleño clothing inherited from their African ancestors since the fifteenth century has disappeared, they have practically adopted the clothing of the explorers. Due to the influence of Euro-American culture (colony). This phenomenon of the acculturation of the peoples was rooted in the colonizers considering their Afrikaans traditions and customs inferior.

Previously, the women used jewelry under their clothes which were made of blankets, they used three skirts under their clothes, (saya, stocking, braciel, shirt) and they tied their hair with a scarf, and they wore a hat called Bonet, their hair covered it. they combed their hair with little monkeys called by them wadding and individual braids. The men wore a suit called Cuatro Prese for special occasions which included (jacket, long-sleeved shirt, t-shirt) hat they used (fithats, strawhat) made by his own hand his sash was made of dry cowhide traditional colors for occasions specials were black and white.