ONLINE EDUCATION GUIDE
Created on May 23, 2023
And Online Learning
Virtual Education Guide
The new education
Towards virtual learning
Definition ofVirtual Teaching
This type of teaching is also called E-learning and uses the technology, the Internet and all the tools in the online world for the transmission of necessary information to the student for them to learn the content of the topic they are studying.
Virtual teaching is one of the fastest growing teaching modalities today, as it has many advantages for students as well as for teachers.
History of virtual teaching
Distance education has existed for a long time, and the communication channel between teacher and student evolves along with the development of new technologies.It all starts with courses by correspondence, then radio emerges, then television, and we arrive at virtual education, with the emergence and popularization of the Internet.And the use of machines in teaching also happened decades ago.
For example, the abacus was used to learn mathematics, and then, when the problems began to get more complicated, the calculator.But imagine that all students could use a calculator, share the process of doing problems, see each other's results, ask how to do something, or ask why someone placed a number here and there.The Internet made this possible in a consolidated way in the 90s, even for those students who could not be present at school.
Evolution of virtual teaching
If you're interested in a timeline of the relationship between e-learning and education, and how technology led to virtual education, here it is.
Se empieza a hablar de campus virtual y nacen los primeros LMS (Learning Management System)
La Universidad de Wisconsin empieza cursos basados en comunicación telefónica. Un poco más tarde, en 1968, la Universidad de Standford funda la Red de Televisión Educativa
Penetración mundial de los MOOC (Masive Open Online Courses)
Se abre un recurso gratis online con materiales del Instituto de tecnología de Massachusetts con más de 500 cursos. Nace MOODLE
Nace el concepto de e-learning
Here you can see the particularities of some Hispanic countries.
Virtual teaching in Mexico According to a study by Norma Maldonado of the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), virtual education in Mexico is intrinsically linked to university education and, within it, especially to postgraduates. Virtual teaching was adopted in the decade of the 90s as a complement and option in addition to the classroom model. Institutions such as ITESM, UNAM and Virtual UR, among others, stand out. These universities have in common a national scope and, through virtual education, a relationship with other countries.
Virtual Teaching in Colombia In Colombia, virtual education is more related to the history of distance education for people living far from urban education centers. Thus, radio Sutatenza, in the late 40s, was the means by which many people in the countryside were educated. Over time that model began using technological tools and more people from different contexts began to join this learning dynamic. But it is not until the entrance of the second millennium, with the increase of computers and the Internet in a greater number of the population, that virtual teaching really began. The first steps were taken in a semi-classroom b-learning or mixed teaching model.
Virtual Teaching in Spain In Spain, virtual education is also linked to distance rducation. In fact, virtual education is said to be part of the third generation of distance education, after correspondence and radio and television education. The penetration of informatics occurred earlier in Spain than in Latin America, already in the 80s. First with the Computer Aided Education programs and then with the idea of virtual campus or virtual learning and teaching environments, which is only the complete space for a course whether college or not, via the Internet
Characteristics of education
virtual and face-to-face
Characteristics of the virtual and classic models
A common but not always well understood characteristic is a contrast between the virtual and the real. This opposition does not allow for you to deeply think about virtual teaching. Virtual learning is still real because it uses the Internet or online media as a form of presence.In fact, the virtual represents the gateway to a more accentuated wealth in Distance Education (EAD).
Before virtual education, there was already distance education, for example, in the country, where people were educated via educational programs and materials, listening to classes on the radio and attending some meetings sometimes weekly, monthly or quarterly in accordance with the program.
In virtual teaching
When we talk about methodologies we mean the "how" of teaching and this means that we think about how a person learns or, rather, the forms, and also the ways of teaching.This reflection is known as didactics and we have many examples, such as constructivist didactics that will emphasize peer learning and social environment and behavioral didactics that will emphasize the study of students' responses to different stimuli.These are just two examples, but there are different types of didactics.In the case of virtual teaching, learning and teaching also have their particularities.
A tip for online teachers is to take care of specific aspects that we mention and not to try to transpose or transfer the same practices from the classical teaching model, sometimes called the old teaching model, to the virtual teaching model.
For online students
And for students, in addition to the responsibility of virtual learning, participation and interaction with teachers and other students will always be productive, because it will give you an idea of how things are going. from what people think and it will enrich the way you approach the topic you are studying and learning.
Virtual teaching assumes what some call maturity.
essays, work and other proposed activities.
That is, the dedication you must have, to do the readings, reflections...
A tip: be clear about your goals and aspirations..
to virtual teaching
Myths about virtual teaching
Myths are ways of understanding reality and are based on culture, feelings, prejudices, concepts, ideas, relationships, but that often do not take into account some facts and data that could enrich what they propose.Myths can be positive, when used to convey ideas and teachings. For example, many cultures have myths to explain how we understand ourselves as human beings.
Some are more famous than others, such as Greek myths, the creation myths of the world.The problem with myths is when they don't let us see beyond them. For example, suppose the myth that heavy objects fall faster than light objects remained true. Galileo would never have discovered the importance of gravity, and we would not be flying from one place to another so easily.
There are professions that cannot be learned virtually
This refers to professions such as medicine, advocacy, aviation or engineering.Nothing is further from the truth, because virtual teaching allows pilots to do flight practices without flying, doctors can do virtual surgeries and have a more complete view of some virtual reconstructed organs, which otherwise would be impossible.The problem with this myth is that there are careers that warrant supervised knowledge and practice. But virtual teaching was not made to end that dynamic, but to bring it greater resources.
Virtual teaching is going to end real teaching
By real teaching, many people are referring to traditional teaching.Care must be taken with the myths that are based on the nostalgia of the past. Using them, many people claim that in the past everything was better.The important thing is to be able to think that virtual teaching, through technology, came to enrich the new educational models and make knowledge an educational experience.
You can't learn without contact with a teacher
First, learning is not defined by just one person. It’s not only teachers, but also classmates, environment, materials, and content that play a key role in the learning process, exercises, and complementary activities.Speaking about the teacher, contact with this figure is not missing in virtual teaching. It is redefined through the spaces that the platform, teachers and students, define as contact.
Uses of Virtual Teaching
Uses of virtual teaching
The statistics show not only the current status of virtual education, but also its trends for the coming years. In fact, the total number of students in contact with virtual education is expected to be nearly $70 billion, more than three times the gross domestic product of the entire European Union.
03. Basic Education
Un dato interesante que resalta es el uso y penetración de la enseñanza virtual en el nivel universitario de posgrado. Esto no es de sorprender, porque normalmente los estudiantes en esta etapa ya están dentro del campo laboral y trabajando varias horas por día en horarios fijos que no se ajustan a los horarios de clases en las universidades. Según OBS:
- Hasta 2020 el e-learning habrá entrado en todas las ofertas de posgrado de alguna forma.
- El mercado de enseñanza virtual crecerá de 7,6 % a 9,6 % por año hasta 2020, según.
- En Asia, por ejemplo, la enseñanza virtual puede llegar a crecer un 18 %, principalmente en India y China.
En el caso de niveles universitarios de pregrado, normalmente es más común la enseñanza híbrida, donde los estudiantes pueden realizar algunas materias de forma virtual y otras de forma presencial. Incluso, hay materias que tienen una propuesta virtual con encuentros presenciales mensuales o trimestrales.
En el caso de la educación básica lo virtual entró como un eje de la educación y dependiendo del acceso a la tecnología e Internet, algunas escuelas proponen muchas de sus actividades y evaluaciones de manera virtual. Incluso a través de sistemas que permiten el seguimiento del aprendizaje por parte de los padres. De cualquier forma, es ya bien sabido que las generaciones más jóvenes están tan familiarizadas con la tecnología que ya es parte de la vida cotidiana y no tiene sentido dejar de aprovecharla en la educación.
A trend that emerges from the academic curriculum curve is the growing movement of free online course offerings. This type of course offers rich knowledge, the only difference is that some do not offer university-recognized certificates.Here you can see the best selling niches of online courses:
Salud y Deportes
Negocios y carrera
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