HS Social Studies
Created on May 23, 2023
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The History of Sports in the U.S.
- Stool ball resembles cricket.
- A pitcher throws a ball at a target, usually a stool, though a tree or other object could be substituted.
- A second man/woman tries to swat the ball away, either with his hand or a paddle, so that it doesn’t strike the stool.
- Points are scored for each ball successfully swatted away.
- This was a form of outdoor bowling.
- New England’s Puritan leaders frowned on ninepins, but it did exist as the government banned it.
- The participants used stones rolled across the ground to knock down pins.
- While played on the sly in New England, New York created a public bowling green.
- Slide groat was another of the colonial New England games that people had to play on the sly.
- This was a miniature shuffleboard type of game, also called shovelboard.
- Players used a board, often the top of a bar.
- They slid pennies along the length of the board, trying to get them to stop inside a defined target area to score points.
- Football in this time period was nothing like football today.
- It more resembled soccer or European football mixed with rugby, with boys kicking the ball to each other in a form of keep-away that could turn quite violent.
- The Puritans loathed football.
- Golf originated in Europe!
- The first golf course in America was established in 1888 in Yonkers, New York, and was named the St. Andrew’s Golf Club.
- Many women played this sport!
- Turned professional in the 1900s!
- Originated in Europe!
- Called "Town Ball" originally.
- First club created in Philadelphia, PA.
- Some famous players of this sport: Jackie Robinson and Babe Ruth!
- Also known as "knuckle boxing" during this time period.
- It is just like modern boxing, but with less rules/safety measures.
- Teddy Roosevelt enjoyed boxing and believed it was great exercise!
- Originally used peach baskets as hoops.
- Created by James Naismith in 1891, but was popular in the early 1900s.
- Naismith was a Phys. Ed teacher at Springfield College in Massachuesetts.
- Started in London in 1836.
- Became popular in the U.S. in the early 1900s.
- Both men and women participated in this sport!
- Eventually was added as a sport in the Olympic Games.
- The Dutch created the yachts (boats), before yachting became a sport/hobby.
- Made its first appearance as an Olympic sport at the 1900 Summer Olympics.
- America’s Cup is one of the oldest and best-known trophies in international sailing yacht competition.
- In 1983, after American yachts had successfully defended the cup 24 times without a loss, an Australian yacht won the cup.
- Similiar to ice hockey, just not on ice and has a few differences!
- Mainly considered a women's sport, but men play it too! (Some call the mens version Lacrosse!)
- This sport is popular in Canada, as well as in the U.S.!
- Considered one of the oldest sports in the world.
- Created in the late 1880s, spread throughtout the U.S. in the 1930s, but is more popular today!
- A women's sport.
- Similar to baseball, but has a few differences.
- One of those differences is the size of theball!
- Mens equivalent to field hockey!
- Similar to ice hockey, with some minor differences.
- Not playing on ice and the type of stick are just two of them!
- Lacrosse was started by the Native American Indians and was originally known as stickball.
- Modern soccer entered the country in the mid 1800s (1850), but is mostly popular today!
- This is played by both men and women!
- This sport made it to the Olympic games in 2000.
- The game of soccer can be traced back about 2,000 years ago in ancient CHina and Greece!
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