The Science of Addiction
Created on May 4, 2023
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The Science of Addiction
Ignorance does not know better, and conscientious stupidity is knowledge from the wrong source.
Why doesn't your brain know better?
In young people, there are weak connections among the prefrontal cortex itself, as well as weak connections between the prefrontal cortex and nucleus accumbens, a component of the limbic system involved in the brain’s reward system 
Epigenetics, social enviromental, and mental health
"Cognitive dissonance is a case of detecting your own hypocrisy, and hypocrisy is a powerful motivation for finding justifications (excuses) for our action. "  1) I am not as bad as ..... person 2) I only do it occasionally 3) Doctors exaggerate potential risks 4) I want to have shared experiences with my friends 5) This is what everyone else does
Regulate homeostais in the brain and body
NTs are specialized chemicals needed for neurons (brain cells) to communicate with one another.
1. Nicotine2. THC (marijuana)3. Alcohol
Commonly Abused Substances
"Many drugs can alter a person’s thinking and judgment, and can lead to health risks, including addiction, drugged driving, infectious disease, and adverse effects on pregnancy." 
Nicotine and the Brain 
“The teen brain is actively developing and often will not be fully developed until the mid 20s,” the CDC stated, adding that use during that time “can have permanent effects” such as poor coordination and damage to learning, memory, problem solving skills, and the ability to pay attention. 
Nicotine also changes the way synapses are formed, which can harm the parts of the brain that control attention and learning. 
THC can effect more than the brain
“The teen brain is actively developing and often will not be fully developed until the mid 20s,” the CDC stated, adding that use during that time “can have permanent effects” such as poor coordination and damage to learning, memory, problem solving skills, and the ability to pay attention.
“Without a doubt, cigarettes and e-cigarettes are unhealthy and not good for lungs. However, vaping marijuana appears even worse,” study author Carol Boyd
"In addition to social and psychiatric problems, more than 200 diseases that affect several organs, such as the brain, heart, gastrointestinal tract, and liver, are related to habitual alcohol consumption" 
Among these alcohol-damaged organs, the liver is specifically susceptible to damage because the liver is the primary site of alcohol metabolism in the body. Alcohol metabolism generates products that damage the liver, resulting in alcoholic liver disease (ALD), a main cause of chronic liver disease [4}
A serious brain disorder caused by thiamine deficiency in alcoholics. "Approximately 80 to 90 percent of alcoholics with Wernicke’s encephalopathy also develop Korsakoff’s psychosis, a chronic and debilitating syndrome characterized by persistent learning and memory problems. Patients with Korsakoff’s psychosis are forgetful, quickly frustrated, and have difficulty with walking and coordination." 
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