Created on December 10, 2022
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Teacher: O.V. Lobastova
Anna Suslova, 7A Form,
The work is done by
«The native land is famous for its talents»
Всероссийский сетевой конкурс иностранного языка
7.The last days of life
Russian composer, teacher, conductor and music critic. Tchaikovsky’s legacy is represented by different genres: these are ten operas, three ballets, seven symphonies, 104 romances, a number of program symphonic works, concerts and chamber-instrumental ensembles, choral compositions, cantatas, piano miniatures and piano cycles.
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky(1840-1893)
There is a house in the photo,where Pyotr lived
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky was born on May 7,1840 in Votkinsk, a small town in Vyatka province (modern Udmurtia) in the Russian Empire, in a family with a long history of military service.
Alexandra Andreevna Assier(Mother)
Ilya Petrovich Tchaikovsky(Father)
In 1850, his parents decided to send Tchaikovsky to the Imperial School of Jurisprudence in St. Petersburg.
Pyotr’parents graduated from institutes in St. Petersburg and the School of Jurisprudence, which mainly served the minor nobility, and thought that this education would prepare their son for a career as a civil servant.Ater graduating from this school in 1859 Tchaikovsky began working in the Ministry of Justice.He liked visiting the opera house in his spare time.He was strongly impressed by operas of Mozart and Glinka.
In 1861 he entered the Music classes of the Russian Musical Society. He gave up the service and took up music entirely. In 1865 he graduated from the Conservatory course with a silver medal. Tchaikovsky devoted all the rest of his life to music.
«Swan Lake» is a ballet by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, written in 1876, which became known all over the world
«The Maid of Orleans» – according to various sources of the story of Joan of Arc 1879
THE MAID OF ORLEANS
Tchaikovsky’s first surviving opera, Oprichnik, premiered in 1874.
The premiere of his first performance «Voivode» based on the play by Alexander Ostrovsky took place in 1869.
Tchaikovsky’s piano cycle, written in 1875-1876 and consisting of 12 characteristic paintings.
A two-act «fairy tale ballet» of 1892, which takes place on Christmas Eve at the foot of a Christmas tree in the imagination of a child.The plot is an adaptation of E. T. A. Hoffman’s short story «The Nutcracker and the Mouse King»
lyrical chamber opera in 3 acts, 7 paintings by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, to a libretto by Konstantin Shilovsky, based on the novel of the same name in verse by A. S. Pushkin. The premiere took place on March 17 (29), 1879 at the Maly Theater in Moscow.
The composer spent the last years of his life in the vicinity of the town of Klin near Moscow. He arranged for the opening of the school and donated money for its maintenance. Nowadays his house is a museum.
The last years
Thank you for attention!