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plagiarism prevention guide

INDEX

what are the sanctions?

C

CIte the sources

B

D

QUIZ: IS IT PLAGIARISM?

A

Plagiarism Definition

REFERENCES

PLAGIARISM DEFINITION

1

Plagiarism Definition

3

2

COMMON TYPES OF Plagiarism

inspiration vs Plagiarism

CIte the sources

1

3 golden rules

WRITING A MEDIOGRAPHY

3

HOW TO ENSURE THE INTEGRITY OF YOUR WORK?

2

the sanctions

2

WHAT ARE THE SANCTIONS?

1

WHY NOT PLAGIARIZE?

3

TIPS TO AVOID the SANCTIONS

Practice of using another person's ideas or work and pretending that it is your own, not citing your sources (article, book, blog), recycling an assignment, copying, cheating, etc.

PLAGIARISM DEFINITION

DO NOT CONFUSE INSPIRATION WITH PLAGIARISM

Being inspired is part of a natural creative process. Recovering ideas, concepts or existing works to observe the themes, the creative process or the ingredients allows us to appropriate our own ideas, to mix references and to define our own thinking. The goal is always to create a unique and original project.

inspiration

To plagiarize means to copy a work in whole or in part and to take credit or authorship for it. As soon as the original author is not cited, it is plagiarism

The line between plagiarism and inspiration is sometimes blurred! It is the intention of the creative that acts as the limit.

Plagiarism

Sources

1. AUDREY. “Plagiat : 5 astuces pour créer votre identité visuelle sans copier.” Audrey Lorel, 18 May 2020, www.audreylorel.fr/5-astuces-de-creation-pour-eviter-le-plagiat


2. COM' QUAT. “Ne pas confondre s’inspirer et plagier - Com'quat.” Com’quat, 2 Oct. 2019, com-quat.fr/blog/ne-pas-confondre-sinspirer-et-plagier.

Sources

EXAMPLE: Inspiration vs Plagiarism

A veteran screen writer filed a federal lawsuit accusing Disney of stealing his idea from ‘Total Recall’ for the hit animated film “Zootopia.”

Maddaus, Gene, et Gene Maddaus. « Disney Accused of Stealing ‘Zootopia’ From ‘Total Recall’ Screenwriter ». Variety, 21 mars 2017, https://variety.com/2017/biz/news/disney-gary-goldman-zootopia-copyright-1202013303/.

COPY & PASTE

FIND & REPLACE

COMMON TYPES OF PLAGIARISM

WORK SHARING

GHOST QUOTE

INCORRECT CITATION

TO BUY

REMIX

SELF-PLAGIARISM

(RECYCLING)

Reusing work from previous courses without getting permission from your current instructor first .

Copying multiple sources word-for-word and pasting these together without incorporating original thought.

Changing a few words and phrases from the original source to pass work off as your own.

Paraphrasing multiple citations and stitching them together in order to make them sound like your ownwords.

Failing to include in-text citations or an accurate reference list, not citing secondary sources properly, or not giving credit to the correct author.

Purchasing sections or entire essays and submitting it as your own work.

Sharing your work with other students that they submit as their own, or others sharing their work with you that you submit as your own.

Citing a source that doesn’t actually exist or making up what a source actually said.

THE MAIN CAUSES OF PLAGIARISM

Feeling unable to do the

work yourself

Work overload

Lack of motivation

Lack of knowledge about

plagiarism

Resources for success

+info

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Help Centres

Other resources

ELC

CAM

COMPASS

If the instructions for an assignment do not seem clear to you, do not hesitate to consult your teacher.

If you are unfamiliar with the course material or are unable to write your homework, ask for help.

CONTROLLING TOXIC THOUGHTS

LEARN TO REFORMULATE

ADAPTED SERVICES

FLASH

CAF

HOMEWORK CLUB

At the Computer Help Center (COMPASS), teachers are available every day of the week to provide computer help. Support is offered to help students progress at their own rhythm, according to their needs and schedule. We recommend that all students take advantage of these services to improve their skills and succeed in achieving their goals.


Click on COMPASS to access the registration form


CAM is a mathematics and statistics support service where students can request help alone or with fellow students by filling out the registration form to schedule sessions online (session F2020). In addition, towards the end of the session, teachers will be available to help you.


Click on CAM to access the registration form


The goals of the English Learning Centre (ELC) are to improve the quality of the written and spoken language and to foster student success in all their courses and in the Ministerial Examination of College English.


Click on ELC to access the registration form

The main objective of the Help Center (FLASH) is to help students develop their French skills (reading, writing, comprehension, pronunciation, etc.). FLASH is aimed at students who do not have access to the French help center (CAF).


Click on FLASH to access the registration form

The objectives of the Centre d'aide en français (CAF) are first and foremost to improve the quality of students' written language and to develop solid reading skills. The CAF also aims to promote student success in all courses and on the Épreuve uniforme de francais, which is required to obtain the DEC.


Click on CAF to access the registration form


Homework Club is open to the students that are enrolled in a DEC, AEC, DEP or ilasalle program. The Homework Club offers support for reading, revision, organization, document layout / design, oral presentations and more!


Documentation Centre:

Monday from 2 to 3 pm and Wednesday from 12 to 1 pm in French

Tuesday from 12:00 to 13:00 and Wednesday from 11:00 to 12:00 in English


THE 3 GOLDEN RULES FOR CITING SOURCES

A little clarification before continuing:


Source = Where you find the information you use to create your assignment = someone else's work or one of your previous works.

Citation / Short reference = short mention of a source inserted in your work = credit given to the creator.

Bibliographical reference = Full description of the source and where to find it.

Mediography = list of all your bibliographical references at the end of your work.

GOLDEN RULE #1

HAVE YOU FOUND A BEAUTIFUL PHRASE AND WANT TO INCLUDE PART OR ALL OF IT IN YOUR WORK?

When citing literally, put the quotation in "quotation marks" and mention the reference of the quoted text (at the end of the text in brackets or at the bottom of the page).

                                                                                      
The reference must include at least the author's name, the source page and/or the publication year.

For example :Seafood is the world’s single highest-traded food commodity.” (J. Kennedy, p.14, 2018)

DID YOU FIND SOMETHING INTERESTING THAT YOU WOULD LIKE TO INCLUDE IN YOUR WORK BUT YOUR TEACHER ENCOURAGED YOU TO WRITE IN YOUR OWN WORDS?

When you paraphrase (explain an idea in your own words), do not use quotation marks, BUT mention the reference of the text used (at the end of the text in brackets, or at the bottom of the page). 

                                                                                      
The procedure to follow is exactly the same as the one you use in Golden Rule #1: the author name and the page of the source cited and/or the publication year.

This rule also applies to the texts you translate.

GOLDEN RULE #2

DO YOU WANT TO INTEGRATE AN IMAGE, A VIDEO, A SOUND EXTRACT, A DRAWING OR A PAINTING COPIED FROM A WEBSITE INTO YOUR WORK?

Copyright rules apply not only to words, but also to video clips, sound bites and images found online or elsewhere.  

                                                                                      
The rules to follow are almost the same as those used in Golden Rule #1: Name of the creator, title of the work, and date.

For example : Arai, Noriko. "Can a robot pass a university entrance exam?" The Future You, TED 2017, 2017. https://www.ted.com/talks/noriko_arai_can_a_robot_pass_a_university_entrance_exam

GOLDEN RULE #3

Exhaustive: it contains all the references already mentioned in the text. It does not contain any reference that you have not cited.


In alphabetical order of authors.

Uniform: all the complete references are presented in the same way, with the information in the same order and punctuation.

Once you have cited your sources in your work, you still need to write down the complete bibliographic reference for each source you used and put it all together in a mediography. This should be:

WRITING A MEDIOGRAPHY

There are several standard styles for presenting references. If your teacher does not indicate a particular style, you should refer to the Guide to Academic Writing in Omnivox.

WRITING A MEDIOGRAPHY

The author (who) - It can be a person or an organization


The title (what) - With subtitle and edition number if applicable

The publication (where) - City + publisher or URL

Date (when) - Copyright date or date of last consultation

The complete references that compose a mediography always contain the same information:

Sources

Example of a MEDIOGRAPHY


Dean, Cornelia. "Executive on a Mission: Saving the Planet." The New York Times, 22 May 2007, www.nytimes.com/2007/05/22/science/earth/22ander.html?_r=0. Accessed 29 May 2019.

Ebert, Roger. Review of An Inconvenient Truth, directed by Davis Guggenheim. Ebert Digital LLC, 1 June 2006, www.rogerebert.com/reviews/an-inconvenient-truth-2006. Accessed 15 June 2019.

Gowdy, John. "Avoiding Self-organized Extinction: Toward a Co-evolutionary Economics of Sustainability." International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology, vol. 14, no. 1, 2007, pp. 27-36.

Harris, Rob, and Andrew C. Revkin. “Clinton on Climate Change.” The New York Times, 17 May 2007, www.nytimes.com/video/world/americas/1194817109438/clinton-on-climate-change.html. Accessed 29 July 2016.

Leroux, Marcel. Global Warming: Myth or Reality?: The Erring Ways of Climatology. Springer, 2005.

Milken, Michael, et al. "On Global Warming and Financial Imbalances." New Perspectives Quarterly, vol. 23, no. 4, 2006, p. 63.

Nordhaus, William D. "After Kyoto: Alternative Mechanisms to Control Global Warming." American Economic Review, vol. 96, no. 2, 2006, pp. 31-34. ---. "Global Warming Economics." Science, vol. 294, no. 5545, 9 Nov. 2001, pp. 1283-84, DOI: 10.1126/science.1065007.

Lab, Purdue Writing. « MLA Sample Works Cited Page // Purdue Writing Lab ». Purdue Writing Lab, https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/mla_style/mla_formatting_and_style_guide/mla_sample_works_cited_page.html. Consulté le 1 septembre 2021.

HOW TO ENSURE THE INTEGRITY OF YOUR WORK?

I must answer four questions to ensure the integrity of my work

START

Have I recycled
one of my papers or used someone else's paper?

X

X

Did I use an image,
a drawing, a photo, a graphic, a video, music, etc?

X

Is the work
free of rights?

X

Did I copy and paste?

X

Have I rephrased, in

my own words, phrases or ideas found on the internet or in a book?

X

So I did paraphrase.

Did I correctly
quote my references?

I have to make sure I

produce original work myself.

ERROR !

TRY AGAIN

WARNING !


CONTINUE

Permission may be required!
I am inquiring about the terms of use.

BEWARE !


CONTINUE

I can use it depending on the terms of use.

CAUTION!


CONTINUE

I can do this by respecting
methodological standards and by indicating my sources.

QUIT

I can now hand over
my work with integrity!

CONGRATULATIONS!


Why YOU SHOULD not plagiarize (1/4)

Consequences for the plagiarist:
If you are caught, you will be sanctioned and may be expelled from LaSalle College; if, by chance, you are not caught, what did you really learn?

WHY YOU SHOULD NOT PLAGIARIZE (2/4)

Consequences for LaSalle College:
The diplomas awarded may be discredited.
In addition, in serious cases of plagiarism, the reputation of the college may be compromised.

WHY YOU SHOULD NOT PLAGIARIZE (3/4)

Consequences for the community as a whole:
No one wants to fall into the hands of a professional plagiarist who cheated to get his/her diploma.

WHY YOU SHOULD NOT PLAGIARIZE (4/5)

By properly referencing sources, you reinforce your honesty, work ethic, and respect for those who have studied before you in your discipline.
In essence, you show that you are reliable and trustworthy. ​

WHY YOU SHOULD NOT PLAGIARIZE (5/5)

Intellectual integrity is important because it represents you, your knowledge, your academic performance, your credibility and your trustworthiness. 
Your work is your business card.

SANCTIONS IN CASE OF PLAGIARISM

Neglecting to credit the author of an original work is plagiarism. This can lead to:

In professional life:

  • Loss of credibility or the loss of employment;
  • A lawsuit

At the College:
  • A note on your academic record;
  • A grade of zero for a given assignment;
  • A grade of zero for an entire course;
  • Expulsion from the College.

HOW TO AVOID SANCTIONS? (1/3)

  • Being the only one using my college student account;

  • Doing the tests and exams by myself, without the help of others;

  • Submitting only work that I have produced myself and that therefore does not contain any material that has been plagiarized, in whole or in part;

  • Citing correctly my sources;

HOW TO AVOID SANCTIONS? (2/3)

  • Offering, exchanging or receiving information during an exam;

  • Using unauthorized resources during an exam;

  • Obtaining answers from another person during an exam;

  • Consulting unauthorized documents and resources during an exam;

Refraining from participating in dishonest activities in order to improve my results, such as:

HOW TO AVOID SANCTIONS? (3/3)

  • Refraining from publicly disclosing the answers to questions asked in tests and exams for different courses;

  • Refraining from reproducing or distributing LaSalle College materials in any manner whatsoever without express permission.

QUIZ: IS IT PLAGIARISM ?

You will be presented with some examples. Determine whether it is plagiarism or not.

START

Including a complete mediography while failing to cite sources in my work is acceptable.

X

Whenever you use a quotation of which you are not the author, you must indicate the reference in your text and in the mediography.

ERROR !


It is also necessary to insert the reference of your quotation in brackets in the format (author's name, date) inside your text.

Well done !

Reading some sources, taking notes on them, and then writing out the ideas by citing the sources is acceptable.

X

This is intellectual

integrity!

Well done!

It is a good habit to take notes on the sources consulted and then make the citation.

ERROR!


Submitting parts of

an assignment that you have already submitted for another assignment without mentioning it is acceptable.

X

This is self-plagiarism. You should not plagiarize your own work submitted in another context. You must cite your own previous work.

ERROR !


You should not reuse your own work or excerpts from it without citing your previous work and your teacher's permission.

Well done!

Including some points of common knowledge in your text without citing the source is acceptable.

X

When you write about general facts that are very well known, such as the boiling temperature of water, you do not need to cite the reference.

Well done!

When you write about general facts that are very well known, such as the boiling temperature of water, you do not need to cite the reference.

ERROR!


Copying a few sentences from another author, changing every fourth word to a synonym, and citing the reference at the end is acceptable.

X

Changing every four words is not an effective paraphrase and means that the text is too similar to the original.

Well done!

This is a dangerous strategy. Changing every four words is not an effective paraphrase and means that the text is too similar to the original.

ERROR !


Using a photo in your work without mentioning the name of the photographer, but including the full reference in your mediography is acceptable.

X

That's right! You must mention the name of the photographer in the body of your work.

Well done !

The name of the photographer must be mentioned in the body of your work. He/She is the creator of the picture in the same way that an author is the creator of his/her text.

ERROR !

Selecting ideas from a source and using them to support a point that was not the original author's intent is acceptable.

X

It is dishonest to change the author's point of view to support your argument.

Well done!

It is dishonest to change the author's point of view to support your argument. It is a matter of respect for his/her work and intellectual integrity.

ERROR !


Composing a paragraph from several quotes, indicating the reference(s), and adding a few words of your own is acceptable.

X

CAUTION !


Citation practices are correct here, but you are expected to formulate your own ideas and not simply present those of other authors.

References cited in parentheses should include only the author's name and page number.

X

This reference must include the author's name, the source page and/or the year of publication.

Well done!

This reference must include the author's name, the source page and/or the year of publication.

error !


When using a table or a graph from the internet, inserting the URL and date of first consultation below the image is acceptable.

X

That's right, when using a chart or a graph from the internet, you should follow Golden Rule #3 and include the creator's name, the title of the work and the year as a caption.

Well done!

When using a table or a graph from the internet, you should follow the Golden Rule #3 and include the creator's name, the title of the work and the year as a caption.

error !


The only information required for a bibliographical reference is the name of the author and the date.

X

Correct, a media reference must contain at least the following elements: the name of the author, the name of the work, the date (of creation, of publication, of diffusion) and the location (publishing house, URL, etc).

Well done!

A media reference must contain at least the following elements: the name of the author, the name of the work, the date (of creation, of publication, of diffusion) and the location (publishing house, URL, etc)

error !


You have to cite all the sources you use, even if it's a cat video you're using for humor.

X

That's right, source citation doesn't just apply to words, it also applies to video clips, sound bites and images that you include in your work.

Well done!

Citing sources doesn't just apply to words, it also applies to video clips, sound bites and images you include in your work.

ERROR !


The term "Authority" in the CRAAP acronym refers to reliability, truthfulness and accuracy.

X

Right, Authority refers to the source of the information. Credibility refers to reliability, truthfulness and accuracy.

Well done!

Authority refers to the source of the information. Credibility refers to reliability, truthfulness and accuracy.

ERROR !


If you find a work that is free of copyright, you do not have to cite your source.

X

That's right, you must cite your sources!

This is true even when you insert royalty-free images in your documents, such as those you might find on Shutterstock. If you quote a public domain text, or a work published under a Creative Commons license, the reference must also appear in your mediagraphy.

Well done!

You must cite your sources! This is true even when you include royalty-free images in your documents, such as those you might find on Shutterstock. If you quote a public domain text, or a work published under a Creative Commons license, the reference must also appear in your mediagraphy.

ERROR !



Com’quat. « Ne pas confondre s’inspirer et plagier ». Com’quat, 3 octobre 2019, https://com-quat.fr/blog/ne-pas-confondre-sinspirer-et-plagier/.

Collège LaSalle. Guide de présentation des travaux scolaires. 2020.
---. Intégrité intellectuelle : rédiger un devoir pour le collège. 2020.
---. Les causes principales du plagiat. 2020.

Comité de prévention du plagiat. 3-Pré-test Plagiat. Collège LaSalle, 2018-2019.

Steps to Avoiding Plagiarism | UAGC Writing Center. https://writingcenter.uagc.edu/steps-avoiding-plagiarism. Consulté le 2 septembre 2021.

Lab, Purdue Writing. « MLA Sample Works Cited Page // Purdue Writing Lab ». Purdue Writing Lab, https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/mla_style/mla_formatting_and_style_guide/mla_sample_works_cited_page.html. Consulté le 1 septembre 2021.

Maddaus, Gene, et Gene Maddaus. « Disney Accused of Stealing ‘Zootopia’ From ‘Total Recall’ Screenwriter ». Variety, 21 mars 2017, https://variety.com/2017/biz/news/disney-gary-goldman-zootopia-copyright-1202013303/.

MEDIOGRAPHY