Want to make creations as awesome as this one?

More creations to inspire you

TEN WAYS TO SAVE WATER

Horizontal infographics

GRETA THUNBERG

Horizontal infographics

FIRE FIGHTER

Horizontal infographics

STEVE JOBS

Horizontal infographics

ONE MINUTE ON THE INTERNET

Horizontal infographics

SITTING BULL

Horizontal infographics

Transcript

AGGRESSION

Aversive stimulus => Aggression

Pain- elicited aggression

Ulrich & Azrin (1962):

  • Rats from same litter in test cage -> electric shocks through cage floor

  • Rats rearing up on their hind legs and pushing each other


  • If shocks very intense & long enough -> rats biting each other

    • -> Powerful & universal animal instinct to attack when hurt

Berkowitz, Cochrane, Embree (1981):

  • University women acting as teachers, reinforcing or punishing a partner doing a learning task

  • Some "teachers" hand in cold water, others in warm water

  • Cold water -> significantly more likely to be punitive towards partners
    • -> Humans also potentially behave more aggressively when they are hurt

Modeling

Long-term effects

Use of punishment can also serve as a model for aggressive behavior

  1. Bandura, Ross, and Ross (1963)





  2. Leyens et al. (1975)





  3. Josephson (1987)

Sample: boys from a Canadian elementary school

Exposed to a television program involving violence

  • 50% more acts of aggression

  • Children we exposed to an adult model who punched a doll

  • Exposition of violent movies leads to violent behavior,

Repeated exposure to violence play a major role in aggressiveness


Strassberg et al. (1994)

  • children who were spanked were roughly twice as likely to behave aggressively as those who were not

Huesmann et al. (2003)

  • Children that have watched violence were more likely to behave violently when they became adults