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SPECIAL SENSES QUESTION

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SPECIAL SENSES

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ANATOMY AND PHYSOLOGY (BHS 410)

DR FARRAH SHAFEERAH BINTI IBRAHIM

PREPARED BY:

IFTIKA INTAN DIANA BINTI MOHD SABRI(2021431524) 01110044898
NORSHAHIDAH BINTI AYOB(2021633422) 0177295149
NURUL AMANINA BINTI RAZMI(221692084) 0179596388

"A ghost is trapped in this house, doomed to wander through it until he recovers all his memories.To help him find them, you must first pass all the tests and get the missing
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Explore the house and try not to get trapped yourself too..."

Introduction

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1.Which of the following is sensory modalities that included in the special senses?

01

A. Visceral sense

B. Equilibrium

C. Somatic

OLFACTORY

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Question 1 of 10

Answer is B: The special senses include the sensory modalities of smell, taste, vision, hearing, and equilibrium or balance

Tortora, G. J., &Derrickson, B. (2014). Anatomy & Physiology. Wiley India Pvt Limited.

2. What type of cell in the olfactory epithelium?
I. olfactory receptor cells
II. supporting cells
III. basal cells

C. I and II

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A. All above

B. I only

OLFACTORY

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Question 2 of 10

Answer is A: The olfactory epithelium consists of three kinds of cells: olfactory receptor cells, supporting cells, and basal cells

Tortora, G. J., &Derrickson, B. (2014). Anatomy & Physiology. Wiley India Pvt Limited.


3. Which of the following function of Bowman’s glands?

A. Undergo cell division to produce new olfactory receptor cells

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B. Provide physical support, nourishment, and electrical insulation

C. Produce mucus and the secretion moistens the surface of the olfactory epithelium and dissolves odorants

OLFACTORY

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Question 3 of 10

Answer is C: Olfactory glands or Bowman’s glands,Produce mucus that is carried to the surface of the epithelium by ducts.The secretion moistens the surface of the olfactory epithelium and dissolves odorants so that transduction can occur

Tortora, G. J., &Derrickson, B. (2014). Anatomy & Physiology. Wiley India Pvt Limited



4. "Depolarization occurs and one or more nerve impulses are triggered." What the process called?

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A. olfactory bulbs

B. olfactory transduction

C. olfactory tract

OLFACTORY

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Question 4 of 10

Answer is B: Olfactory receptor cells react to odorant molecules in the same way that most sensory receptors react to their specific stimuli: A generator potential (depolarization) develops and triggers one or more nerve impulses. This process, called olfactory transduction

Tortora, G. J., &Derrickson, B. (2014). Anatomy & Physiology. Wiley India Pvt Limited




5. The olfactory nerves terminate in the brain in paired grey matter masses known as

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A. olfactory transduction

B. olfactory bulbs

C. olfactory tract

OLFACTORY

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Question 5 of 10

Answer is B: The olfactory nerves terminate in the brain in paired masses of gray matter called the olfactory bulbs, which are located below the frontal lobes of the cerebrum and lateral to the crista galli of the ethmoid bone

Tortora, G. J., &Derrickson, B. (2014). Anatomy & Physiology. Wiley India Pvt Limited





6. The first-order neurons in the olfactory pathway are olfactory receptor cells?

TRUE

FALSE

QUESTION 6 OF 10

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Question 6 of 10



Answer is TRUE: Olfactory receptor cells are the first-order neurons of the olfactory pathway
Tortora, G. J., &Derrickson, B. (2014). Anatomy & Physiology. Wiley India Pvt Limited




7. Basal cell provides olfactory receptor cells with physical support, food, and electrical insulation, as well as aid in the detoxification of substances that come into contact with the olfactory epithelium.

TRUE

FALSE

QUESTION 7 OUT 10

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Question 7 of 10



Answer is FALSE: Supporting cells are columnar epithelial cells of the mucous membrane lining the nose. They provide physical support, nourishment, and electrical insulation for the olfactory receptor cells and help detoxify chemicals that meet the olfactory epithelium
Tortora, G. J., &Derrickson, B. (2014). Anatomy & Physiology. Wiley India Pvt Limited




8. The special senses are including of smell, taste, vision, hearing, and equilibrium or balance

TRUE

FALSE

QUESTION 8 OF 10

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Question 8 of 10



Answer is TRUE: The special senses include the sensory modalities of smell, taste, vision, hearing, and equilibrium or balance
Tortora, G. J., &Derrickson, B. (2014). Anatomy & Physiology. Wiley India Pvt Limited




9. Odorants are chemicals that have an odour that bind to and trigger the olfactory receptors in the olfactory cilia.

TRUE

FALSE

QUESTION 9 OF 10

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Question 9 of 10



Answer is TRUE: Chemicals that have an odour that bind to and stimulate the olfactory receptors in the olfactory cilia are called odorants
Tortora, G. J., &Derrickson, B. (2014). Anatomy & Physiology. Wiley India Pvt Limited




10. Smoking causes olfactory receptor damage.

TRUE

FALSE

QUESTION 10 OF 10

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Question 9 of 10



Answer is TRUE: Smoking seriously impairs the sense of smell in the short term and may cause long-term damage to olfactory receptors.
Tortora, G. J., &Derrickson, B. (2014). Anatomy & Physiology. Wiley India Pvt Limited




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11. What the five main tastes that may be identified?

B. sour, spicy, bitter, salty, and umami

A. Hot, sweet, sour, bitter, and umami

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C. sour, sweet, bitter, salty, and umami

GUSTATION

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Question 11 of 20



Answer is C: Five primary tastes can be distinguished: sour, sweet, bitter, salty, and umami
Tortora, G. J., &Derrickson, B. (2014). Anatomy & Physiology. Wiley India Pvt Limited




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B. Taste bulbs

A. Taste buds

C. Tastants

12. Where the taste receptors are found?

GUSTATION

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Question 12 of 20



Answer is A: The receptors for sensations of taste are located in the taste buds
Tortora, G. J., &Derrickson, B. (2014). Anatomy & Physiology. Wiley India Pvt Limited




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C. Taste pore

A. Taste bud

B. Papillae

13. Which of the following increases the surface area of the tongue's upper surface and gives it a rough feel?

GUSTATION

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Question 13 of 20



Answer is B: Taste buds are found in elevations on the tongue called papillae. Which increase the surface area and provide a rough texture to the upper surface of the tongue
Tortora, G. J., &Derrickson, B. (2014). Anatomy & Physiology. Wiley India Pvt Limited




14. How long the lifespan of a gustatory receptor cell?

B. 7 days

A. 5 days

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C. 10 days

GUSTATION

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Question 14 of 20



Answer is C: Each gustatory receptor cell has a life span of about 10 days.
Tortora, G. J., &Derrickson, B. (2014). Anatomy & Physiology. Wiley India Pvt Limited




15. What role do basal cells play in taste buds?

B. Provide a rough texture to the upper surface of the tongue

A. Increase the surface area

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C. Supporting cells are produced, and then gustatory receptor cells form.

GUSTATION

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Question 15 of 20



Answer is C: Basal cells, stem cells found at the periphery of the taste bud near the connective tissue layer, produce supporting cells, which then develop into gustatory receptor cells.
Tortora, G. J., &Derrickson, B. (2014). Anatomy & Physiology. Wiley India Pvt Limited




16. When you have a cold or allergies and can't taste your food, it's because your olfaction is blocked, not your taste.

TRUE

FALSE

QUESTION 16 Out 20

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Question 16 of 20



Answer is TRUE: When triggered with cold or are suffering from allergies and cannot taste the food, it is because olfaction is blocked
Tortora, G. J., &Derrickson, B. (2014). Anatomy & Physiology. Wiley India Pvt Limited




17. Vallet papillae are found on the lateral edges of the tongue in little trenches, but most of their taste buds degenerate during childhood.

TRUE

FALSE

QUESTION 17 OUT 20

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Question 17 of 20



Answer is FALSE: Foliate papillae are located in small trenches on the lateral margins of the tongue, but most of their taste buds degenerate in early childhood.
Tortora, G. J., &Derrickson, B. (2014). Anatomy & Physiology. Wiley India Pvt Limited




18. Fungi form papillae are mushroom-shaped contain about five taste buds each.

TRUE

FALSE

QUESTION 18 Out 20

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Question 18 of 20



Answer is TRUE: Fungiform papillae are mushroom-shaped elevations scattered over the entire surface of the tongue that contain about five taste buds each.
Tortora, G. J., &Derrickson, B. (2014). Anatomy & Physiology. Wiley India Pvt Limited




19. The facial (VII) nerve serves taste buds in the anterior two-thirds of the tongue

TRUE

FALSE

QUESTION 19 OF 20

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Question 19 of 20



Answer is TRUE: The facial (VII) nerve serves taste buds in the anterior two-thirds of the tongue
Tortora, G. J., &Derrickson, B. (2014). Anatomy & Physiology. Wiley India Pvt Limited






20. The glossopharyngeal (IX) nerve serves taste buds in the posterior one-third of the tongue

TRUE

FALSE

QUESTION 20 OF 20

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Question 20 of 20



Answer is TRUE: The glossopharyngeal (IX) nerve serves taste buds in the posterior one-third of the tongue
Tortora, G. J., &Derrickson, B. (2014). Anatomy & Physiology. Wiley India Pvt Limited






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21. Which of the following are the accessory structures of the eye?

21

A. eyelids, eyelashes, eyebrows, the lacrimal apparatus, and extrinsic eye muscles

B. eyelids, eyelashes, eyebrows and the lacrimal apparatus only

C. eyelids only

VISION

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Question 21 of 40



Answer is A:The accessory structures of the eye include the eyelids, eyelashes, eyebrows, the lacrimal (tear-producing) apparatus, and extrinsic eye muscles.
Tortora, G. J., &Derrickson, B. (2014). Anatomy & Physiology. Wiley India Pvt Limited




22. The connective tissue that gives the eyelids shape and stability is?

22

A. Tarsal plate

B. Tarsal gland

C. Conjunctiva

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Question 22 of 40



Answer is A:The tarsal plate is a thick fold of connective tissue that gives form and support to the eyelids.
Tortora, G. J., &Derrickson, B. (2014). Anatomy & Physiology. Wiley India Pvt Limited




23. Which nerves supply the lacrimal glands with parasympathetic fibres?

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A. Glossopharyngeal (IX)

B. Facial (VII)

C. Vagus ( X)

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Question 23 of 40



Answer is B: The lacrimal glands are supplied by parasympathetic fibers of the facial (VII) nerves
Tortora, G. J., &Derrickson, B. (2014). Anatomy & Physiology. Wiley India Pvt Limited




24. The wall of the eyeball consists of three layers?
I. the fibrous tunic
II. the vascular tunic
III. the retina.

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A. I and II

B. All above

C. III only

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Question 24 of 40



Answer is B: The wall of the eyeball consists of three layers: the fibrous tunic, the vascular tunic, and the retina.
Tortora, G. J., &Derrickson, B. (2014). Anatomy & Physiology. Wiley India Pvt Limited




25. What are the components of the fibrous tunic ?

25

A. anterior cornea and posterior sclera

B. anterior cornea and iris

C. posterior sclera and choroid

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Question 25 of 40



Answer is B: The wall of the eyeball consists of three layers: the fibrous tunic, the vascular tunic, and the retina.
Tortora, G. J., &Derrickson, B. (2014). Anatomy & Physiology. Wiley India Pvt Limited




26. Pigmented layer in the retina is helps to absorbs stray light

TRUE

FALSE

QUESTION 26 Out 40

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Question 26 of 40



Answer is TRUE: The pigmented layer is a sheet of melanin-containing epithelial cells located between the choroid and the neural part of the retina. The melanin in the pigmented layer of the retina, as in the choroid, also helps to absorb stray light rays.
Tortora, G. J., &Derrickson, B. (2014). Anatomy & Physiology. Wiley India Pvt Limited




27. The outer segment of both rods and cones is where light energy is converted into a receptor potential

TRUE

FALSE

QUESTION 27 Out 40

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Question 27 of 40



Answer is TRUE: Transduction of light energy into a receptor potential occurs in the outer segments of rods and cones.
Tortora, G. J., &Derrickson, B. (2014). Anatomy & Physiology. Wiley India Pvt Limited




28. Older people cannot read print at the same close range as can younger people. Presbyopia is the medical term for this condition.

TRUE

FALSE

QUESTION 28 OF 40

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Question 28 of 40



Answer is TRUE: Therefore, older people cannot read print at the same close range as can younger people. This condition is called presbyopia
Tortora, G. J., &Derrickson, B. (2014). Anatomy & Physiology. Wiley India Pvt Limited






29. In myopia, only distant objects can be seen clearly while in hyperopia, only close objects can be seen clearly.

TRUE

FALSE

QUESTION 29 OUT 40

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Question 29 of 40



Answer is FALSE:In myopia (near sightedness), only close objects can be seen clearly; in hyperopia (farsightedness), only distant objects can be seen clearly.
Tortora, G. J., &Derrickson, B. (2014). Anatomy & Physiology. Wiley India Pvt Limited




30. The conversion of cis-retinal to trans-retinal called regeneration

TRUE

FALSE

QUESTION 30 OUT 40

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Question 30 of 40



Answer is FALSE:When cis-retinal absorbs a photon of light, it straightens out to a shape called trans-retinal. This cis-to-trans conversion is called isomerization and is the first step in visual transduction. After retinal isomerizes, several unstable chemical intermediates form and disappear. These chemical changes lead to production of a receptor potential
Tortora, G. J., &Derrickson, B. (2014). Anatomy & Physiology. Wiley India Pvt Limited




31. Which statement is correct?

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A. External ear which conveys sound vibrations to the oval window

B. Internal ear which houses the receptors for hearing and equilibrium

C. Middle ear which collects sound waves and channels them inward

HEARING AND EQUILIBRIUM

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Question 31 of 40


Answer is B: The ear is divided into three main regions: (1) the external ear, which collects sound waves and channels them inward; (2) the middle ear, which conveys sound vibrations to the oval window; and (3) the internal ear, which houses the receptors for hearing and equilibrium.
Tortora, G. J., &Derrickson, B. (2014). Anatomy & Physiology. Wiley India Pvt Limited


32. The external ear and middle ear are separated by?

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A. Vestibule

B. Thympanic membrane

C. Auditory tube

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Question 32 of 40


Answer is B: : It is separated from the external ear by the tympanic membrane and from the internal ear by a thin bony partition that contains two small openings: the oval window and the round window
Tortora, G. J., &Derrickson, B. (2014). Anatomy & Physiology. Wiley India Pvt Limited


33. What are the names of the two sacs found in the vestibule's membranous labyrinth?

33

A. Utricle , saccule

B. Umblical , sac

C. Uricale , staper

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Question 33 of 40


Answer is A: The membranous labyrinth in the vestibule consists of two sacs called the utricle (U¯-tri-kul little bag) and the saccule (SAK-uˉl little sac), which are connected by a small duct.
Tortora, G. J., &Derrickson, B. (2014). Anatomy & Physiology. Wiley India Pvt Limited


34. Which one is acting as a hearing receptor?

34

A. Auditory tube

B. Hair cells

C. Saccule

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Question 34 of 40


Answer is B: Hair cells, which are the receptors for hearing
Tortora, G. J., &Derrickson, B. (2014). Anatomy & Physiology. Wiley India Pvt Limited


35. Infections can migrate from the nose and throat to the middle ear via ?

35

A. Auditory tube

B. Saccule

C. Hair cells

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Question 35 of 40


Answer is A : he auditory tube also is a route for pathogens to travel from the nose and throat to the middle ear, causing the most common type of ear infection
Tortora, G. J., &Derrickson, B. (2014). Anatomy & Physiology. Wiley India Pvt Limited


36. The bony labyrinth contains endolymph, and the membranous labyrinth contains perilymph.

TRUE

FALSE

QUESTION 36 OUT 40

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Question 36 of 40



Answer is FALSE: The bony labyrinth is lined with periosteum and contains perilymph. The epithelial membranous labyrinth contains endolymph
Tortora, G. J., &Derrickson, B. (2014). Anatomy & Physiology. Wiley India Pvt Limited




37. The auricle,external auditorycanal, and eardrum is the outer ear structure

TRUE

FALSE

QUESTION 37 Out 40

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Question 37 of 40



Answer is TRUE: The external (outer) ear consists of the auricle, external auditory canal, and eardrum.
Tortora, G. J., &Derrickson, B. (2014). Anatomy & Physiology. Wiley India Pvt Limited




38. Hair cells of the spiral convert a mechanical vibration into an electrical signal

TRUE

FALSE

QUESTION 38 OF 40

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Question 38 of 40



Answer is TRUE: Hair cells of the spiral organ (organ of Corti) convert a mechanical vibration (stimulus) into an electrical signal (receptor potential)
Tortora, G. J., &Derrickson, B. (2014). Anatomy & Physiology. Wiley India Pvt Limited






39. The higher the frequency of vibration, the higher is the pitch

TRUE

FALSE

QUESTION 39 OF 40

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Question 39 of 40



Answer is TRUE: The frequency of a sound vibration is its pitch. The higher the frequency of vibration, the higher is the pitch
Tortora, G. J., &Derrickson, B. (2014). Anatomy & Physiology. Wiley India Pvt Limited






40. The slower the sound, the greater the intensity (size or amplitude) of the vibration.

TRUE

FALSE

QUESTION 40 OUT 40

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Question 40 of 40



Answer is FALSE:The larger the intensity (size or amplitude) of the vibration, the
louder is the sound.

Tortora, G. J., &Derrickson, B. (2014). Anatomy & Physiology. Wiley India Pvt Limited




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