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A Presentation by Darius Adam, held for the
Enlgish in Use Class

Plato's Cave Allegory

How to live a fulfilled life


1. Introduction

3. How to accomplish a fulfilled life

2. Plato's Cave Allegory

2.1 People lving in the cave

2.2 How one breaks out

2.3 The People's Reaction

2.4 How to interpret the allegory's elemetns

3.1 Plato's and Aristotle's concept of a fulfilled life

3.2 Plato's ethics

3.3 Usage for your everyday life

4. Conclusion

How I came in contact with Plato's allegory of the cave




The reason for ethics

Plato's Cave Allegory


People are shackled and faced towards a wall

Shadows are being projected against the wall by unknown creatures
One odd human breaks out of the cave

The odd one out experiences life beyond the cave

They go back in the cave telling the others about the world outside
The cave's people reject the travelers story
The traveler is being killed due to misunderstanding, fear and egoism

2.1 , 2.2 & 2.3

People in the cave, the outbreak and reaction

every aspect of the allegory can be directly connected to our world

2.4 How to interpret the allegory's elements

according to Aristotle and Plato

How to accomplish a fulfilled life


" One only finds happines by using every given opportunity and skill. "

Jostein Gaarder

  • One needs to master their own mind and needs to avoid being mastered by them
  • It is helpful to get rid of the dependance of visuals, senses and outdated values or systems in society

3.1 Plato's and Aristotle's concept of a fulfilled life

  • This process leads to a state of a free mind
  • That state allows the mind to be filled with insight
  • balance between excess and surpressing yourself

3.2 Plato's ethics

    • complete knowledge, not in a scientific way
    • mental completion accomplished through studies and experience
    • mathematical justice
    • justice of power
    • "an eye for an eye"
    • balance between foolhardiness and cowardice
    • balance of personal life, needs, actions and values

3.3 Usage for your everyday life

Living by Plato's etchics
Starting your philosphical journey
Getting closer to the "Idea of Good" by constantly questioning your surroundings and habitat
Keeping up the study frequently and with effort

Balance is key: happiness is being accomplished not through gluttony nor through hunger
Balancing your personal traits and habits will lead to a more satisfying life

How can my life be fulfilled?



The Allegory of the Cave by Plato is a theoratical and critical approach towards society by questioning the mainstream and motivating everyone subjectively to getting into thoughts and wonder regarding their personal and public life.


  • Gaarder, Jostein: "Sophie's World", Carl Hanser Verlag Munich, Vienna 1993

  • dtv Brockhaus Lexikon Volume 14 Pas-Qua, Brockhaus Lexikon 1989, Deutscher Tachenbuch Verlag GmbH & Co. KG, Munich

  • "DIE ZEIT": Das Lexikon, Published 2005, Zeitverlag Gerd Bucerius GmbH & Co. KG, Hamburg

  • https.//gutenberg.spiegel.de/buch/politea-44885/1

  • https://vernetzt-magazin.de/die-vier-platonischen-kardinaltugenden/