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RUDYARD KIPLING TIME LINE JOSE DAVID

Rudyard Kipling is born.

Kipling's mother removes him from the Holloways' home.

Kipling returns to India.

Kipling publishes six collections of short stories.

Kipling is sent to school in Southsea, England.

Kipling enrolls at the United Services College.

Kipling publishes his first collection of verse.

Kipling returns to England to literary acclaim.

In 1886, Kipling publishes his first collection of verse, Departmental Ditties. This publication launches his literary career, although he later becomes best known for his short stories.

In October 1889, seven years after his departure, Kipling returns to England, where he makes his debut to literary acclaim. In London, he meets the American agent and publisher Wolcott Balestier, who becomes one of Kipling's closest friends and supporters. Despite suffering from ill health, Kipling publishes a novel and another short story collection while living in England.

A visitor notices that Kipling is on the verge of a nervous breakdown, due to his mistreatment, and tells Alice Kipling, who rushes to England. She removes him from the Holloways' home in April 1877 and takes him on an extended vacation. Kipling later recounts the terrible time at the Holloways' in the 1888 story "Baa Baa, Black Sheep."

Joseph Rudyard Kipling is born on December 30, 1865 in Bombay (now Mumbai), India. His parents are new arrivals in India, hoping to help the British raj. His father, John, heads the Department of Architectural Sculpture at the Jeejeebhoy School of Art in Bombay. Rudyard grows particularly close to his mother, Alice. He and his younger sister, also named Alice, enjoy exploring Bombay with their nanny.

Alice Kipling wants her son to receive a formal British education, so she sends Rudyard and Alice to Southsea, England, when Rudyard is 6. There they attend school and live with a foster family, the Holloways. Mrs. Holloway bullies Kipling, who finds solace in reading Daniel Defoe, Ralph Waldo Emerson, and Wilkie Collins.

Without the financial or academic means to gain a place at Oxford University, Kipling returns to India on October 18, 1882. As soon as he arrives, he is overwhelmed by the sights and sounds of India, and later says that he never feels truly English again. He lives with his parents in Lahore and works at the Civil and Military Gazette.

After recovering from his traumatic experience, Kipling enrolls at the United Services College at Westward Ho, north Devon, in January 1878. The school is meant to prepare boys to enter the British army, and while Kipling struggles to fit in, he later develops firm friendships with several boys. He also discovers and nurtures his talent for writing, becoming the editor of the school newspaper.

In 1888, Kipling publishes six collections of short stories, including Plain Tales from the Hills and Soldiers Three. These stories earn him a popular following, as they are sold in cheap, easily accessed editions sold in railway terminals. In 1889 he sells the rights to these stories and uses the money to travel to England.