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Djamila Bouhiered

Djamila Bouhired was born in June 1935 in Algiers, in French Algeria, into a middle-class family of an Algerian father and a Tunisian mother. She is educated at the French school.

Djamila Bouhired joined the National Liberation Front during her student years around the age of 19. She later worked as a liaison officer, member of the “bomb network” and personal assistant to Yacef Saâdi, head of the Autonomous Zone of Algiers during the Battle of Algiers.

Symbol of FLN:

She dropped a bomb on September 30, 1956, a bomb that did not explode in the hall of the Maurétania, because the connection had been badly made by Rachid Kouache, the artificer.

The missions

She recruited Djamila Bouazza who deposited the following January 26, as part of a wave of attacks, a very deadly bomb at the Coq Hardi café. She also recruited Zoulikha, responsible for the attack on rue Colonna-d'Ornano.

The women that djamila to recruit

On April 9, 1957, she was captured by the 4th company of the 9th Zouaves regiment.

Then she is injured by Yacef Saadi in the ensuing shootout. She is taken to the Maillot hospital, where it is found that the bullet has crossed the shoulder without touching the collarbone but touching the lung.

The arrest

Djamila Bouhired being the bearer of documents proving that she is in contact with Yacef Saadi, the special services torture her to make him confess where he is hiding, but she only gives unimportant addresses and information already revealed by the documents seized. Badly recovered from her interrogation, to Captain Jean Graziani who asks her what she has done, she replies: “Manure! She was then slapped, but Graziani did not insist and had her treated. On April 17, she was transferred to the HQ of General Massu's parachute division. On April 20, she reveals to Captain Graziani caches containing 13 bombs and weapons. Charged for her participation in the attacks, she is with Djamila Bouazza, sentenced to death on July 15, 19576. This conviction gives rise to an intense media campaign led by Jacques Vergès, his lawyer and Georges Arnaud. They write a manifesto, For Djamila Bouhired. It is, with Henri Alleg's Question, one of the manifestos which alert public opinion to the ill-treatment and torture inflicted by the army on Algerian combatants. Supported by an intense international campaign, she was pardoned in 1959 by President Charles de Gaulle, then released in 1962 under the Évian agreements.

After the war

After her release, Djamila Bouhired worked with Jacques Vergès whom she married in 1965. From her marriage to Vergès, she had two children, Meriem and Liess Vergès. She obtained a divorce after 1970 after the disappearance of her husband Jacques Vergés for eight years, who abandoned his wife and children.

On March 1, 2019, Djamila Bouhired joins a demonstration in Algiers, to the cheers of demonstrators, to protest against the new candidacy of Abdelaziz Bouteflika in the presidential election next April. On April 19, 2019, she participated in another demonstration to reject the system in Algeria and demand the transition to a second republic.