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Step by step videos


practise for the quiz

A step by step mock trial

opening statement

cross examination

closing statement

direct examination

opening proceedings



typical procedures


the case

Vocabulary from the script (Mock trial)

Legal expressions

  • Judge (n) - a public official ho must make decision on questions in a court.

  • plaintiff (n)– he plaintiff is the person who begins a civil lawsuit. (the person who is oficcially accusing someone of a crime)

  • councel (n) Legal advice; a term used to refer to lawyers in a case.

  • defendant- the person who is accused of a crime

  • «plaintiff's counsel» / «defendant's counsel»

  • a juror (n) - a member of the jury

  • a jury (n) A body of citizens who listen to evidence of criminal allegations, which are presented by the government, and determines whether there is probable cause to believe the offense was committed.

  • bailiff (n) A court official, usually a peace officer or deputy sheriff, who keeps order in the courtroom and handles errands for the judge and clerk.

  • allegation: something that someone says happened.

  • evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade

  • the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.

  • a trial (un procès)

  • courthouse – the building where the trial takes place (U.S)

  • courtroom - ( the room / the space where the trial takes place)

  • attorney – (avocat) a lawyer (American term)

  • barrister (british term)

  • witness (un témoin)

  • «objection sustained » - we take your objection into account

  • opening statement - the attorney's first opportunity to address the jury in a trial. Generally, the party who bears the (plaintiff in a civil case or prosecution in a criminal case) begins the opening statements, followed immediately after by the adverse party (defendant).

  • a pleading – a formal document with basic positions for the two parts involved

  • an attempt – when you trie to do something but it fails

  • attenpted + nom : attempted murder, attempted treason

  • harassment (harcelement)

  • swear – to oficially promise to tell the truth

  • « to be sworn in » (prêter serment)

  • oath – when you officially promise to the court tell only the truth

  • « to be under oath » - when you are legally obligated to tell the truth

  • testimony (n) -a solemn declaration usually made orally by a witness under oath in response to interrogation by a lawyer or authorized public official (témoignage / déposition)

  • testify (v)

  • cross-examination (n)Un contre-interrogatoire est l'interrogation d'un témoin ou d'un accusé par l'avocat de la partie adverse.

  • cross-examine (v)

Other expressions

  • furthermore – de plus / en plus

  • den – a den is the place where the wolf lives (tanière) but also an expression used for a small appartement (usually a man living alone)

  • « to eat out » - when you eat in a restaurant

  • a stroll – a walk (une ballade)

  • « a buddy » a friend

  • to « figure » - je pense / je m'imagine

  • Heggeldy Piggeldy : messy, in confusion or disorder

  • Miss Piggy : character / puppet from the Muppet Show

  • Porky : character from an old American cartoon (a pig)

  • « uncalled for » - unneccesary,

  • sty (reference to a pig sty) a pig sty is where pigs live, people often say it about dirty and messy places

  • mud – (boue)

  • « a pal » – a friend

  • a shearling – wool from a sheep, a « shearling coat » is a coat made with wool from a shearling sheep

  • bicker – (se chamailler)

  • « easy pickings » something that is easily taken or stolen, something that is easy to get through other means, or someone who is easily persuaded.

  • «be as cool as a cucumber » - to be very calm and have no worries

  • « have somebody figured out » - understand what somebody is like

  • « scare the living daylights out of someone » – to scare someone a LOT

The Procedure

State vs Alli

Facts about the case

Procedures and rules