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Transcript

6th dimension

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Indulgent vs. Restrained

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20

78

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Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet


Consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum.

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet


Consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum.

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet


Consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum.

World Value Survey :

  • 93 countries
  • data from 1994 - 2004


IVR Index

  • expresses the difference between restrained vs. indulgent
  • scale from 0 - 100
    • 0 = restrained
    • 100 = indulgent

Indulgence:

  • 6th and most recent dimension
  • term was coined by Dr. Michael Minkoff
  • it covers certain differences that had not been found in the other five dimensions in the World Values Survey
  • it is mainly related to feelings of subjective happiness or unhappiness and the control of the people's own life or the opposite
  • the opposite to indulgent is restrained

Important conclusion:

There is research showing that over 30 years the level of indulgence in the world has grown, so societies have become more indulgent and the number of restrained societies has diminished, but the position of countries relative to each other has remained the same.

If they have shifted, they have shifted together.

The scores of this dimension can be assumed to be stable over time.

CharacteristicIndulgentRestrained
health- tend to feel healthier and happier- feel less healthy and happy
personalities and social life- perception of personal life control
- extroverted friends are of great importance
- optimistic
- tend to feel that what happens to them is not their own doing
- introverted having friends is less important
- pessimistic
politics and crime- less moral discipline smaller police forces higher crime rates
- freedom of speech is very important
- stricter moral discipline larger police forces lower crime rates
- maintaining order in the nation is more important
work- leisure ethic
- high work ethic

* It is important to take into account that most societies are somewhere in between those extremes.