HISTORY of Science III
Created on April 23, 2022
2. Earliest roots
5. Other developments
In Ancient Egypt
- Number system, geometry
- Official Calendar: 12 months, 30 days each, 5 days at the end of the year
*It was simpler than the Babylonian calendar for not taking lunar and solar cycles
- Center of Alchemy
The earliest roots of science can be traced to Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia in around 3000 to 1200 BCE.
- Animal physiology
- Mesopotamian medicine- no division between rational science and magic
- Babylonian astronomy was "the first and highly successful attempt at giving a refined mathematical description of astronomical phenomena."
The ancient Mesopotamians had extensive knowledge about the chemical properties of clay, sand, metal ore, bitumen, stone, and other natural materials, and applied this knowledge to practical use in manufacturing pottery, faience, glass, soap, metals, lime plaster, and waterproofing.
1.Take one gadget/instrument/thing
2. Create your dynasty
3. Give a name
4. Present your invention
Astronomy and Mathematics
The longest continuous sequence from any civilization
- records of sunspots (112 records from 364 BCE),
- supernovas (1054),
- lunar and solar eclipses.
From the earliest, the Chinese used a positional decimal system on counting boards in order to calculate.
- a seismometer in 132 CE
Zhang called his device the 'instrument for measuring the seasonal winds and the movements of the Earth', so-named because he and others thought that earthquakes were most likely caused by the enormous compression of trapped air
- a COMPASS
Science dense period: 600 BCE- 400 BCE
Ancient Greece- 800BCE
Schools of Thoughts:
-Groups of teachers and students who thought about the same problem.
Natural Philosophers: Separation of Myth from the truth
- A self-conscious inquiry into nature
- Natural Philosophers
- Schools of Thought
- Rational Debate
Rational Debate uses
Length of lines: over 1.300 km and they were continuous
Ground top layer: reddish-brown iron oxide
Developed by: Paracas culture
Create the way of your Nazca
thales of miletus
Anaximenes of Miletus