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civilizationPRESENTATION

Cynthia LEMAIRE and Noriane GHOUALEM

PLAN

CONTEXT

SUMMARY

KEY QUESTION

OUTLINE

ANALYSIS

CONCLUSION

WILLIAM EDWARD BURGHARDT DU BOIS

01

W.E.B DU BOIS

W.E.B Du bois

- HIGHLY EDUCATED
- BLACK ACTIVIST FOR CIVIL RIGHTS
- NIAGARA MOUVEMENT
- NAACP
- EQUALITY VIA EDUCATION

BOOKER Taliaferro washington

- FORMER SLAVE
- INDUSTRIAL EDUCATION
- TUSKEGEE UNIVERSITY
- ATLANTA COMPROMISE 1895
- LEADER

how does du bois tear down washington's place as the leader of black advancement?

1/ The Paradox of Washington
a) Tuskegee
b) Towards the Promised Land?
c) Conciliation of the South

2/ The Betrayal of Washington
a) Submission
b) Capitalism as a new God
c) Denial of fundamental rights

3/ WEB'S vision of black advancement
a) Higher education Vs Industrial education
b) Reconciliation Vs Conciliation
c) Political/Civic responsibility

"He advocates common-school and industrial training, and depreciates institutions of higher learning; but neither the Negro common-schools, nor Tuskegee itself, could remain open a day were it not for teachers trained in Negro colleges, or trained by their graduates" l 40-42

I/ THE PARADOX OF WASHINGTON

A) TUSKEGEE

"So far as Mr Washington preaches Thrift, Patience, and industrial Training for the masses, we must hold up his hands and strive with him, rejoicing in his honors and glorying in the strength of this Joshua called of God" l 90-93

I/ THE PARADOX OF WASHINGTON


B) TOWARDS THE PROMISED LAND? (Equality)

"But as so far Mr Washington apologizes for injustice,North or South, does not rightly value the privilege and duty of voting,belittles the emasculatingeffects of caste distinctions, and opposes the higher training and ambition of our brighter minds (...) we must unceasingly and firmly oppose him" l 93-97

"He insists on thrift and self-respect, but at the same time counsels a silent submission to civic inferiority" l 38-39

I/ THE PARADOX OF WASHINGTON


C) CONCILIATION OF THE SOUTH

"The old attitude of adjustment and submission" l 1

II/ THE BETRAYAL OF WASHINGTON


A) SUBMISSION

"Counsels a silent submission to civic inferiority" l 38-39

"A gospel of Work and Money" l 4

II/ THE BETRAYAL OF WASHINGTON


B) CAPITALISM AS A NEW GOD

"Accumulation of wealth" l 20

"Thrift" l 38 + l 91

"But so far as Mr Washington apologizes for injustice, North or South, does not rightly value the privilege and duty of voting, belittles the emasculating effects of caste distinctions, and opposes the higher training and ambition of our brighter minds,- so far as he, the South or the Nation, does this,- we must unceasingly and firmly oppose them " l 93-97

II/ THE BETRAYAL OF WASHINGTON


C) DENIAL OF FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS

"Industrial slavery and civic death" l 81

"Mr Washington's programme practically accepts the alleged inferiority of the Negro races" l 7-8

"No such educational system ever has rested or can rest on any other basis than that of the well-equipped college and university" " l 67-69

III/ WEB'S VISION OF BLACK ADVANCEMENT


A) HIGHER EDUCATION VS INDUSTRIAL EDUCATION

"The education of youth according to ability" l 57

"Overshadow the higher aims of life" l 5

"The growing spirit of kindliness and reconciliation between the North and South after the frightful difference of a generation ago ought to be a source of deep congratulation to all (...) but if that reconciliation is to be marked by the industrial slavery and civic death of those same black men, with permanent legislation into a position of inferiority, then those black men (..) are called (..) to oppose such a course by all civilized methods" l 78-84

III/ WEB'S VISION OF BLACK ADVANCEMENT


B) RECONCILIATION VS CONCILIATION

"Overshadow the higher aims of life" l 5

"We must unceasingly and firmly oppose them" l 96-97

III/ WEB'S VISION OF BLACK ADVANCEMENT


C) POLITICAL/CIVIC RESPONSIBILITY

"We have no right to sit silent" l 85

"clinging unwaveringly to those great words which the sons of the Fathers would fain forget" l 98-99

"We must strive for the rights which the world accords to men" l 97-98

How does Du bois tear down washington's place as the leader of black advancement?

CONCLUSION

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THANK YOU!