Want to make creations as awesome as this one?

Transcript

Technologies, Challenges and Needs of K-12 Teachers in the Transition to Distance Learning during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Gregory M. Francom
Sang Joon Lee
Halle Pinkney

Published online: 26 June 2021

Association for Educational Communications & Technology 2021

Presented by Rana Aoun

Purpose of this Study

The purpose of this survey research study is to gain a clear picture of how K-12 teachers have transitioned to distance learning during the COVID-19 pandemic.

This study addresses the following questions:

3

2

1

What support do teachers wish they had in adapting to distance learning ?

What strategies have teachers used and what difficulties have they encountered when shifting to distance learning ?

What websites and applications have participants used to support distance learning as a result of the pandemic ?

Methodology

Instrument

Data Analysis

Population

A survey was sent by email to a list of teachers included 13 questions asking about :

  • websites and applications being used ;
  • strategies used to quickly gain knowledge about distance learning ;
  • difficulties encountered ;
  • assistance tools and practices needed ;
  • demographic information such as students’ Internet access and computer availability ;
  • teachers’ teaching experience, grades, subject areas.

A total of 388 valid responses were collected in this survey :


52% come from Mississippi

39% come from South Dakota

10% did not specify their state.


Teaching experience ranged from 1 year of experience to 20 + years.


38% teach high school

18% teach middle school

13% lower elementary teachers

11% teach in upper elementary grades


Respondents teach in many different subject areas including music, math, science, social studies, English/language arts, technology/computer, science, etc.

  • For open-ended survey questions, qualitative content analysis methods were used to determine patterns and themes in similar responses.
  • Quantitative descriptive statistical methods were used on the other survey questions.

Websites and Applications Used

Basic communication tools

Learning management systems (LMS)

Assessment tools

Video and screencast applications

Tutorial websites/ Online ressouces

Email

Zoom

Remind

Google Classroom

Canvas

Schoology

Flipgrid

EdPuzzle


Youtube

Elkhan


ClassDojo

NearPod

Quizziz


Websites and Applications Used

This chart indicate the ways in which the LMS was being used to support learning.

Strategies Used to Gain Knowledge about Websites and Applications

YouTube videos

individual google searches for information

Trial-and-error

asking for support from other teachers

workshops

online forums such as Facebook

Strategies Used to Gain Knowledge about Websites and Applications

  • Allow to differentiate instruction
  • have a positive impact on the teaching process

LMS

online resources

communication tools

web conferencing tools

screen and video capture tools

maintain the relation they have built with parents

Zoom and google meets

lectures, tutorials, and assignments

+ info

Virtual field trips

Guest speakers

Participation for absent students

TEACHING PRACTICES AND TOOLS THAT WILL CONTINUE TO BE USED

2

4

1

5

3

Technology

Remote teaching

Students

Parent involvement and home environments

School district and administration

Difficulties Encountered

  • Get them participating and motivated.
  • Keep them engaged.
  • Make them accountable for their learning.
  • Lack of interest in schoolwork.
  • Lack of instantaneous feedback to and from students.

  • Finding and creating online resources.
  • Monitoring student progress and providing instructional support.
  • Limited knowledge and skills for distance learning.
  • Lack of time.


  • Little guidance provided by administration.
  • Some schools did not allow teachers to hold online sessions or teach new content.
  • Other schools limited access to websites like YouTube, which teachers could have used to provide online learning resources.


  • Many teachers and students do not have computers and/or internet access.
  • Good online connections.
  • Some teachers had to prepare both paper packets and online assignments.

  • Lack of parent involvement and support.
  • Many teachers were not able to communicate with parents.


Top 5 difficulties that teachers mentioned

Information/Instruction/training/

Previous experience/tech integration

Parental support

Student readiness

Access to Internet/

computer

More time/preparation

Policy/guidance/plan

Teaching resources

12,5%

Help that teachers wish that they would have had to transition

to distance learning

Conclusion

Any questions?

Thanks for your attention