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Transcript

PREP WORK

PADET LERICHE Anaelle - THIERON Paul - JARRY Rafael - JEANNARD Matthieu - LAMOURET Flore

We wanted take an interest for the question of lobbying in the environment legislation. Effectively, lobby can impact governments decision and so, to impact the measures against the climate change on a large scale. It is because of that we chose this subject.

Then, we chose our informations in differents sources, to be the most complete possible. We found interesting datas in governement website, university articles, but also in newspaper and revue. We began to inform ourself on the large sens of lobby, then we precise our research concerning the place of the environment in the lobbying.

Finally, we grouped together each types of datas, and we successed to define a plan which well represent our reasonning. This exercise was a great opportunities to learn more on this political and complex subject. Click on the arrow to dicover all our sources !

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Consectetur adipiscing elit. Vivamus dignissim neque quis neque pulvinar tincidunt. Nullam efficitur, dui ut efficitur rhoncus, libero dolor tristique neque, eu pharetra nibh ante sit amet felis. Suspendisse consectetur at justo non varius. Proin volutpat sed sapien vitae luctus. Mauris finibus tincidunt ex a accumsan. Fusce ullamcorper vel dui at feugiat. Fusce finibus varius dolor, ullamcorper venenatis ex vulputate eu. Praesent maximus, ex eget tincidunt commodo, mi metus dapibus lacus, sed hendrerit libero libero ut nulla. Aliquam pulvinar diam nec imperdiet feugiat.


Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet


Consectetur adipiscing elit. Vivamus dignissim neque quis neque pulvinar tincidunt. Nullam efficitur, dui ut efficitur rhoncus, libero dolor tristique neque, eu pharetra nibh ante sit amet felis. Suspendisse consectetur at justo non varius. Proin volutpat sed sapien vitae luctus. Mauris finibus tincidunt ex a accumsan. Fusce ullamcorper vel dui at feugiat. Fusce finibus varius dolor, ullamcorper venenatis ex vulputate eu. Praesent maximus, ex eget tincidunt commodo, mi metus dapibus lacus, sed hendrerit libero libero ut nulla. Aliquam pulvinar diam nec imperdiet feugiat.



Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet


Consectetur adipiscing elit. Vivamus dignissim neque quis neque pulvinar tincidunt. Nullam efficitur, dui ut efficitur rhoncus, libero dolor tristique neque, eu pharetra nibh ante sit amet felis. Suspendisse consectetur at justo non varius. Proin volutpat sed sapien vitae luctus. Mauris finibus tincidunt ex a accumsan. Fusce ullamcorper vel dui at feugiat. Fusce finibus varius dolor, ullamcorper venenatis ex vulputate eu. Praesent maximus, ex eget tincidunt commodo, mi metus dapibus lacus, sed hendrerit libero libero ut nulla. Aliquam pulvinar diam nec imperdiet feugiat.



Our research

Positive effect on the environment

Negative effect on the environment

Impact on policals decision

ANALYSE THE LOBBIES OF COMPANIES

https://www.novethic.fr/actualite/gouvernance-dentreprise/lobbying/isr-rse/45-entreprises-epinglees-pour-leur-lien-avec-des-lobbies-nefastes-pour-le-climat-143603.html

This article tells about a ranking, published by the british ONG InfluenceMaps. This one listed 100 companies, listing their lobby, and how it contribute or not to at the sustainability. These ones are ranked about that; the first is the company that contribute the most at it, and les last the one which fight the most about it. It was interesting to analyse how each type of companies is positionned on the issue.


https://www.euractiv.fr/section/developpement-durable/news/climat-ou-business-un-choix-qui-rend-les-entreprises-schizophrenes/


This article explains that the companies begin more and more to hire lobbyist to fight for sustainability; We learn into that 77% of the 500 biggest companise in the world are for sustainibility.


TRANSPARENCY OF LOBBYING

ETHICAL LOBBYING

THE LEGISLATION WHICH ARE CONCERNED

BETTER UNDERSTAND THE CONCEPT OF LOBBY

THE APPROACH OF THESE LOBBYIST

EXAMPLE OF LOBBY

THE PETROL AND OIL COMPANIES

UNETHICAL CAMPAIGN

EVOLUTION

What is the lobbying ?

THE IMPACT OF LOBBY

https://www.wwf.fr/sengager-ensemble/relayer-campagnes/lobbying-a-decouvert

This article is published by WWF, we learnt into more about the transparency of the lobbying and about the confidence of the french people in these lobbists.

http://politiquedesante.fr/lobbying-ethique-agir-conscience-linteret-collectif/

We learnt it this article more on lobbying, it also introduces the notion of whistleblower. It finishes with a part about the ethical lobbying, how it can be put in place.

http://www.adequations.org/IMG/article_PDF/article_a791.pdf


In this document, made by the association Adequations, are shared some articles, about subjects listed in it. We selected some interesting subject and took notes about subjects like the denunciation of campaign against sustainability, or interest conflicts between opposed lobby.

https://www.cairn.info/revue-d-economie-politique-2008-5-page-663.htm?contenu=plan

This revue explains the different rules which are targetted for the lobbyist. It includes the taxes, for example, often targeted by petrol and tabacco industry, which want less taxes to sell more. It is an extract of the book "Revue D'Economie Politique" by Matthieu Glachant.

https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01340358/document


This document is an University report made by a researcher. It explains all the aspects of lobbying. We didn't read the entire document, but thanks to the summary, we could take some usefull information. For exemple, we learnt more about the impact of lobby on legislation.


https://www.vie-publique.fr/eclairage/271135-groupes-dinterets-lobbying-vers-un-controle-accru


This article, published by the government, explains the legislation in France about lobbying. It includes how it is regulated. We learnt into that the government controls the lobby, identifying it and the implication in conflicts.

This document is a report, published by a searcher in a Nice University, explaining the differents aspects of lobby. We didn't read the entire document, but thanks to the summary, we could read some interesting extracts. We learnt more about the legislation about the lobbying for example.

http://ceriscope.sciences-po.fr/environnement/content/part3/les-lobbies-environnementaux-interets-d-une-approche-pluraliste?page1


This article tells how the environmental and scientist lobbyist act for convincing governments.


https://www.eco2initiative.com/post/environnement-lobbying


This article explains the history of relations between the environment and the lobbying. It lists the different way used by the environment lobbyist and how people can protect itself to not be influenced by lobby which influence the medias and the actuality.


https://www.sans-transition-magazine.info/debat/environnement-les-lobbies-du-local-au-global

This article deals of the image of the environmental lobbyist. It analyses the doubt of greenwashing, so companies which is registered at these activities do that only for their image, and in fact they don't fight really for this cause.

https://biosphere.ouvaton.org/blog/lobbying-scientifique-du-giec/

This article deals more precisely on the actions of the GIEC to convince the government to act for sustainibility. This NGO has a significant impact on the governments, its actions are huge and allowing really to contribute at progress in term of environment.

https://www.capital.fr/entreprises-marches/limpressionnant-montant-depense-en-lobbying-par-les-petroliers-pour-influencer-les-politiques-climatiques-1339881


This article tells the amount the petrol lobbyist can spend for lead their compaign promoting oil and petrol and so, no take into account the climate change. It also explains the hypocrisis of these companies, which do greenwashing; they work their image seems green, respectfull and fighting for sustainibility, spending a lot of money for that. But finally these ones spend more in lobbying against it.


https://www.thenation.com/article/environment/oil-lobby-climate-action/?utm_campaign=SproutSocial&utm_content=thenation&utm_medium=social&utm_source=twitter


This article explains more in details how US lobby group countraint the legislation for the sustainibility. It includes case studies, so we could find example and concrete actions of petrol and oil lobbying.

https://www.revue-projet.com/articles/2004-2-les-lobbies-dans-la-democratie/


It talks about how lobby campaigns and activities can be unethical. It even is nasty for the population. It ends up analysing conditions for lobby respecting an ethical activity.


https://www.alternatives-economiques.fr/agnes-michel/lobbies-jouent-contre-lenvironnement/00088434

T

This article analyse how lobbyist lead campaign against the sustainability, despite the rising interest of the citizen for this cause.

https://www.novethic.fr/actualite/gouvernance-dentreprise/lobbying/isr-rse/lobbying-climatique-ces-entreprises-qui-se-rebellent-contre-leur-federation-146727.html

This articl

This article tells that important companies leave their lobby judge against the sustainibility. It explains if this type of companies are not known for their interest for climate change, the transparency of lobbying forces this one to leave it avoiding to afraid investors.

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Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet


Consectetur adipiscing elit. Vivamus dignissim neque quis neque pulvinar tincidunt. Nullam efficitur, dui ut efficitur rhoncus, libero dolor tristique neque, eu pharetra nibh ante sit amet felis. Suspendisse consectetur at justo non varius. Proin volutpat sed sapien vitae luctus. Mauris finibus tincidunt ex a accumsan. Fusce ullamcorper vel dui at feugiat. Fusce finibus varius dolor, ullamcorper venenatis ex vulputate eu. Praesent maximus, ex eget tincidunt commodo, mi metus dapibus lacus, sed hendrerit libero libero ut nulla.


Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet


Consectetur adipiscing elit. Vivamus dignissim neque quis neque pulvinar tincidunt. Nullam efficitur, dui ut efficitur rhoncus, libero dolor tristique neque, eu pharetra nibh ante sit amet felis. Suspendisse consectetur at justo non varius. Proin volutpat sed sapien vitae luctus. Mauris finibus tincidunt ex a accumsan. Fusce ullamcorper vel dui at feugiat. Fusce finibus varius dolor, ullamcorper venenatis ex vulputate eu. Praesent maximus, ex eget tincidunt commodo, mi metus dapibus lacus, sed hendrerit libero libero ut nulla. Aliquam pulvinar diam nec imperdiet feugiat.


Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet


Consectetur adipiscing elit. Vivamus dignissim neque quis neque pulvinar tincidunt. Nullam efficitur, dui ut efficitur rhoncus, libero dolor tristique neque, eu pharetra nibh ante sit amet felis. Suspendisse consectetur at justo non varius. Proin volutpat sed sapien vitae luctus. Mauris finibus tincidunt ex a accumsan. Fusce ullamcorper vel dui at feugiat. Fusce finibus varius dolor, ullamcorper venenatis ex vulputate eu. Praesent maximus, ex eget tincidunt commodo, mi metus dapibus lacus, sed hendrerit libero libero ut nulla. Aliquam pulvinar diam nec imperdiet feugiat.



Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet


Consectetur adipiscing elit. Vivamus dignissim neque quis neque pulvinar tincidunt. Nullam efficitur, dui ut efficitur rhoncus, libero dolor tristique neque, eu pharetra nibh ante sit amet felis. Suspendisse consectetur at justo non varius. Proin volutpat sed sapien vitae luctus. Mauris finibus tincidunt ex a accumsan. Fusce ullamcorper vel dui at feugiat. Fusce finibus varius dolor, ullamcorper venenatis ex vulputate eu. Praesent maximus, ex eget tincidunt commodo, mi metus dapibus lacus, sed hendrerit libero libero ut nulla. Aliquam pulvinar diam nec imperdiet feugiat.