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English grammar lesson

Transcript

English Grammar

Student: Loïc LE BIDEAU

Date 06/04/2022

01. Must/ mustn't

02. Needn't

04. Had better

05. It's Time

06. Would

07. Can-could-would

Summary

03. Should

.03/10

List of modals

Can

Could
May
Might
Must
Should
Will
Would
Shall

Some generalities

- They are invariable.
- They are followed by a verbal base.
- They behave like auxiliaries.

INFO

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- Affirmative form :
The modal Must expresses a duty, an obligation.

- Negative form:
This form expresses a prohibition.

Must/ mustn't

Examples:

- You must keep it a secret.


- You mustn't tell anyone.

info

.04/10

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Needn't

.05/10

Examples

We've got plenty of time - We needn't hurry ( = it's not necessary to hurry).

You needn't do something = it's not necessary to do it (but you can if you like).

INFO

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.06/10

Examples

Should

- To give advice or to give an opinion (You should go to bed).
- Should have done something: you didnt do it, but it would have been the right thing to do.
- Use should : when something is not right or what you expect.


Use : You should do something

INFO

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit, sed diam nonummy nibh euismod tincidunt ut laoreet dolore magna aliquam erat volutpat. Ut wisi enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exerci tation ullamcorper suscipit lobortis nisl ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.

- I'd better to do something = it is advisable to do it. It's similar to should, but not exactly the same. There is always a danger or a problem if you don't follow the advice

- You can also use It's time : to criticise or complain, or announce to somebody, what to do depending on what time it is.

Had better and It's time

Examples

- I have to meet Amy in Ten minutes -> I'd better go now or i"ll be late


- It's time to go home or It's time he realised that he isn't the most important personn in the world.

info

.07/10

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.08/10

Example

Would

We use would'nt when we imagine a situation or an action (we think of something that is not real).
Its main purpose is therefore to express the conditional

INFO

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- Asking people to do things: can or could


- Asking for things : Can I have or Could I have

- Asking to do things : can, could or may

- Offering to do things : Can I ?

- Offering and inviting : Would

Different cases of invitation permissions

Example

info

.09/10

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Any questions?

Thanks for your attention