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Transcript

Students Presentation

democracy in action

Date 05-04-2022

Students: Hala Haddad
Amadou Diop
Steven Bilcot

—Abigail Adams, 1775

“The Spirit that prevails among Men of all degrees, all ages and sexes is the Spirit of Liberty.”


01.
DEFINITION OF DEMOCRACY AND THE EXAMPLE OF RUSSIA

The origin of the word democracy reveals its meaning: it comes from the Greek word “demokratia”, which was derived from demos “people” and kratos “rule”. Democracy then can simply mean “rule by the people”.

a system of government in which laws, policies, leadership and major undertakings of a state or other polity are directly or indirectly decided by the “people”.

Democracy is also defined as

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Justificación del estudio

Aquí debes resaltar la oportunidad del tema elegido para tu trabajo y los motivos por los que decidiste investigar esta temática.

  • ¿Qué aporta? ¿Qué problema resuelve?
  • ¿Por qué es importante realizar la investigación?
  • ¿Permite el trabajo construir o validar teorías y/o técnicas de investigación?
  • ¿Aporta un nuevo enfoque de utilidad para otros académicos?
  • ¿Aclara las causas y consecuencias de un fenómeno de interés?
  • ¿Es útil para la Administración Pública y/o empresas?

02. Russia's Political Regime Based on Democracy Contextualisation


Generales

A) Russia officially A democratic State


During 1992 Yeltsin and his reforms came under increasing attack from former members and officials of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, from extreme nationalists, and from others calling for reform to be slowed or even halted in Russia. A locus of this opposition was increasingly the two-chamber parliament, the Supreme Soviet of Russia, comprising the Soviet of the Republic and the Soviet of Nationalities. The Chair of the Supreme Soviet, Ruslan Khasbulatov, became Yeltsin's most vocal opponent. Under the 1978 constitution, the parliament was the supreme organ of power in Russia.

After Russia added the office of president in 1991, the division of powers between the two branches remained ambiguous, while the Congress of People's Deputies of Russia (CPD) retained its obvious power "to examine and resolve any matter within the jurisdiction of the Russian Federation". In 1992 the Congress was even further empowered, gaining the ability to suspend any articles of the Constitution, per amended article 185 of the 1978 Constitution (Basic Law) of the Russian Federation.
Although Yeltsin managed to beat back most challenges to his reform program when the CPD met in April 1992, in December he suffered a significant loss of his special executive powers. The CPD ordered him to halt appointments of administrators in the localities and also the practice of naming additional local oversight emissaries (termed "presidential representatives"). Yeltsin also lost the power to issue special decrees concerning the economy, while retaining his constitutional power to issue decrees in accordance with existing laws.

The 1993 constitution declares Russia a democratic, federative, law-based state with a republican form of government. State power is divided among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches. Diversity of ideologies and religions is sanctioned, and a state or compulsory ideology may not be adopted.


B) A Regime that violates Democracy

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“Russia is an absolutely democratic country and those who say otherwise have no idea about the specifics of Russia’s life. Russia is an absolutely democratic country and very strong , very proud and very free people live in Russia. If anyone says otherwise, he or she doesn’t know and doesn’t understand our country. We, the Russian federation, are a sovereign state. President Putin has the power he can have under the Russian constitution, no more and no less”.

+ Dmitry Peskov Kremlin

Marco teórico

Muestra el desarrollo del trabajo, diferenciando los distintos epígrafes. Recuerda que en una presentación el tiempo es limitado y que los miembros del tribunal ya han tenido ocasión de leerlo, Intenta realizar un esfuerzo de síntesis con las partes más importante, para ello, puedes realizar un esquema propio donde aparezcan los componentes clave.

Russia is the only remaining authoritarian great power in Europe. It seemed for a moment in December 1991 that Boris Yeltsin would honor his pledge to install popularly sovereign democracy, but he didn't. Instead, he forced an authoritarian constitution on the nation against parliament's will in 1993, and never looked back. Vladimir Putin, Yeltsin's former secret police chief and presidential successor, subsequently intrigued his way to power, advancing his former master's hidden authoritarian agenda by more sternly repressing civil rights, political participation, balloting, and parliamentary autonomy. Oppression today isn't as harsh as the bad old Brezhnev years, but is heading that way, toward an autocracy where the monarch is supreme, with or without a ruling party.


VIOLATION of freedom in russia

For instance, journalist Raf Shakirov was forced to resign from Izvestiya because his reports on the Beslan siege questioned the government's conduct.

in Russia there are no free and fair elections, nor free media, and the state power perpetually harasses political opposition.


another example:

Military reporter Grigory Pasko

Grigory Pasko was imprisoned for treason in December 2001 for writing about cases of environmental neglect by the army.

+ info

Desarrollo

Muestra el desarrollo del trabajo, diferenciando los distintos epígrafes. Recuerda que en una presentación el tiempo es limitado y que los miembros del tribunal ya han tenido ocasión de leerlo, Intenta realizar un esfuerzo de síntesis con las partes más importante, para ello, puedes realizar un esquema propio donde aparezcan los componentes clave.

Russia's model of democracy

With all that is going on , Russia's model of democracy is a paradox. People being maltreated, arrested or even jailed or murdered is a typical example of Russia anti-democracy.

russia vs ukraine

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Despite the intimidation of the ruling power in order to deter any protest, the recent events between Russia and Ukraine have prompted many Russian citizens to openly demonstrate their opposition to the ongoing war. Indeed, since the beginning of the war between these two countries, numerous demonstrations have taken place throughout the country. There are about fifty cities concerned by these demonstrations, including the Pushkin Square located at the capital of the country, Moscow. The repression has not been delayed and on the grounds that these protest movements are illegal, no less than 4,000 demonstrators were arrested on Sunday, March 6. On Saturday, April 2, a sit-in was held in about 30 Russian cities. Some Russian personalities such as the painter Yelena Osipova or the journalist Marina Ovsiannikova explicitly express their opposite position to that of the power in place. According to estimates by the NGO OVD-Info, more than 170 demonstrators were arrested during the latest demonstrations. The organizers of these movements claim to want to protest for a Russia in peace with respect for democracy and prosperity.


52%

of the French population

russian propaganda

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In the face of numerous repressions through the use of force, intimidation that tries to dissuade opponents, is added to active propaganda through social networks or even Russian state media. The legal framework has recently «adapted» to the situation to allow propaganda to develop better. On March 4, 2022, the Russian Federal Assembly passed a law that punishes anyone who gives “false information” about the Russian armed forces with a prison sentence of up to 15 years. Due to their instrumentalisation by the state, the Russian media have been banned from broadcasting in Europe. Despite this provision, according to a survey 52% of the French believe in at least one spurious thesis conveyed by the Russian propaganda which shows to what extent, by lack of vigilance, it is possible to adhere to false ideas.


Conclusion

Ultimately, we see that the notion of democracy, in certain contexts such as Russia, may be called into question. There is then a clear distinction between the official and the unofficial. The centralization of power is proving to be a source of potential dangers as long as the decisions taken are unilateral. Thus, democracy is an indispensable element for any overflow, a counterweight to avoid any excess.


Thanks for you attention

Any questions?