assigment21Timeline Project: Attack on Pearl Harbor
Created on April 3, 2022
December 7th, 1941
Japan attacks Pearl Harbor in Hawaii.
The Japanese sank or damaged all of the battleships anchored at Pearl Harbor. More than 2,400 Americans were killed.
Consequently, the United States entered World War II with the Allies.
American marines invaded Guadalcanal northeast of Australia thanks to Nimitz. He can decrypt the Japanese secret code.
Consequently, Australia was saved from the Japanese.
U.S. Marines stormed the beaches of Iwo To. Japanese soldiers had the orders to fight to the death.
Consequently, a thousand Japanese were taken prisoner—the rest were killed or wounded in battle. About 6,800 Americans had died.
The Marines captured the island of Tarawa, Marshall, Mariana, Volcano, and Bonin. This was the Island Hopping strategy. It consists to take the only key island to use as a base for the next attack.
Consequently, islands occupied by the Japanese were isolated from each other.
Okinawa Battle. The Americans started by launching shells on the island. Then the Japanese attacked the fleet with suicide missions. The pilots of the planes had the mission to serve as missiles. They threw themselves on the ships.
Consequently, some 110,000 Japanese troops and 80,000 civilians had been killed. And some 12,000 Allied troops were dead and 36,000 wounded. Island was secured by the Allies. Japan refuses to surrender.
August 6th, 1945
Truman's president dropped an atomic bomb above the city of Hiroshima. Its name was Little Boy.
Consequently, almost 80,000 people died instantly. Japan refuses yet to surrender.
August 9th, 1945
Truman's president dropped a second atomic bomb above the city of Nagasaki. Its name was Fat Boy.
Consequently, almost 22,000 people died instantly, and one-third of the city was destroyed.
7 August 15th, 1945
Consequently, World War II was finally over.
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guadalcanal, bataille. “Bataille De Guadalcanal.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 31 Mar. 1970, https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bataille_de_Guadalcanal#/media/Fichier:Marines_rest_in_the_field_on_Guadalcanal.jpg.
Lewino, Frédéric. “Petits Témoins De La Grande Histoire : L'attaque De Pearl Harbor.” Le Point, 7 Dec. 2019, https://www.lepoint.fr/histoire/petits-temoins-de-la-grande-histoire-l-attaque-de-pearl-harbor-07-12-2019-2351797_1615.php.
quotidien, le petit. “Journaux Jeunesse Le Petit Quotidien.” Playbac Presse Digital: Journaux Jeunesse Le Petit Quotidien, Mon Quotidien, L'actu, L'éco Et plus !, 2022, https://lactu.playbacpresse.fr/article/la-bataille-diwo-jima-limage-de-lespoir-1.
shigemitsu, mamoru. “File:Mamoru Shigemitsu Signs the Instrument of Surrender, Officially Ending the Second World War.jpg.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 8 Sept. 2020, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Surrender_of_Japan#/media/File:Mamoru_Shigemitsu_signs_the_Instrument_of_Surrender,_officially_ending_the_Second_World_War.jpg.
tarawa, bataille. “Bataille De Tarawa.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 2022, https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bataille_de_Tarawa#/media/Fichier:Marines_storm_Tarawa.jpg.