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Wales

Start!

History and Culture

index

4- Modern Wales

3- Industrial Wales

2- Medieval Wales

1- Origins

5- Welsh culture

index

4- Modern Wales

3- Industrial Wales

2- Medieval Wales

1- Origins

5- Welsh culture

1

Origins

Origins :

Before the 1st century : Several tribes are ruling.

Ordovices and Silures

1st century : Romans invaded Britain

5th century : Romans left Britain


Origins :

6th century : Welsh kingdoms are ruling a big part of britain

9th century : Viking tried to raid Anglesey

Anglo-Saxon took over a big part of britain


2

Medieval

Wales

Medieval Wales :

1055 : Gruffydd ap Llywelyn became king of Wales

1063 : Gruffydd ap Llywelyn died, Wales is divided again.

1066 : Normans invaded Anglo-Saxon's territory
-> England

William the 1st (William the conqueror) became king

Medieval Wales :

1216 : Wales is united again under a Llywelyn’s rule : Llywelyn Fawr (1173–1240)


1272 : Edward I 's coronation (king of England 1272-1307)


1277 : Wales is defeated by England :
-> Treaty of Aberconwy, Llywelyn give his fealty to England.

1282 : the rule of the Welsh princes ended.

Medieval Wales :

1284 : the Statute of Wales/Statute of Rhuddlan :

-Defined Wales as « annexed an united » to England

-Divided Wales into 2 parts (North and South)

-Wales is ruled by the Justice of Chester, the Justiciar of North Wales and the Justiciar of South

Edward II (Edward's son) became the first English prince of Wales.

Medieval Wales :

1404 : Last Welsh uprising, led by Owain Glyndwr against
Henry IV.

1485 : Henry Tudor (Henry VII) seized the throne (beginning of the Tudor house)

1535/1542 : Welsh law (Celtic-tradition's law) is replaced by the Laws in Wales Acts 1535 and 1542.

Wales became unified with England

3

Industrial

Wales

Industrial Wales :

Before the British Industrial Revolution :

-Small industries (mining/textiles)
-Agriculture
After the British Industrial Revolution :

-(19th century) world’s major centre of non-ferrous metal smelting

-40% of Britain’s iron

-world exporter of coal

4

Modern

Wales

Modern Wales :

WWI :
273 000 Welshmen under arm
-> 35 000 soldiers killed

David Lloyd George
Politic shift : Liberal party -> Labour party

1920s-1930s : Wales' industry faced a prolonged crisis. -> widespread unemployment and poverty.

WWII saved the welsh economy with the production demands of the war.

WWII caused 15 000 deaths, bombs from germany in Swansea, Cardiff and Pembroke.


Modern Wales :

In the end of the 20th century, Wales was still under English rule.

Nowadays :

-Wales still belongs to the UK

-Wales has its own parliament and is able to manage itself

-40% of the Welsh people supports Welsh independence



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2020

2030

2040

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05

Welsh culture

Welsh culture :

Name of a village

Welsh rarebit

Welsh culture :

Glamorgan sausage

Bara brith

Welsh culture :

Conwy mussels

Rugby team

Welsh culture :

Nantgarw tradition

Thanks!

Sources :

Youtube

https://youtu.be/ZOdYdR73nu8

Wikipedia

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wales

Youtube

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dpnYoWH4nBg

Britannica

https://www.britannica.com/summary/Wales