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Transcript

The Parliament

founded in 1952

founded in 1951

The European Council

founded in 1974

The European Commission

founded in 1958

The European court of Justice

founded in 1952

The European Central Bank

founded in 1998

The European Court of Auditors

founded in 1977

The European Union

The Council of the European Union

The EuropeanUnion

& its institutions


The European Council gathers the Heads of State or Heads of Government of the 27 Member States of the European Union, under the supervision of a President responsible for facilitating the emergence of a compromise. Each year, at least 4 gatherings for the European council take place. Its main goal is to define the main lines of European Union policy, especially in foreign policy. It also decides for the president of the European Commission which is then validated by the Parliament

Since the Treaty of Lisbon (2007), the European Commission is responsible to the Parliament and no longer to the European Council. Located in the Europa building in Brussels, Belgium, the European Council is open to public visits.

⚠ : do not mix up the European Council with the Council of the EU


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The European Parliament is constituted of 705 (22 commissions) deputies elected for 5 years by direct universal suffrage since 1979, which gives it much more legitimacy. The Parliament is headquartered in Strasbourg, France, but its committee meetings are held primarily in Brussels, Belgium. Although it is considered the most important institution of the EU, it has less legislative power than the Council of the EU. Its deputies give advices, opinions, they can vote for certain laws with the Council of the EU and for the budget.


Louise-Weiss building, Strasbourg, France Paul-Henri Spaak building, Brussels, Belgium

Also known simply as "The Council", the Council of the European Union is constituted of ministers of state members, depending on the subject discussed (Ministers of finance, of health etc.). Holding legislative and executive powers, the Council represents the governments of the Member States while the European Parliament represents the citizens of the Member States. Since the signing of the Treaty of Rome, the Council has been responsible for coordinating the economic policies of the Member States. It draws up the draft budget with Parliament and adopts it with its agreement, but decides on revenue alone. Its headquarters are located in Brussels, Belgium.

⚠ : do not mix up the Council of the EU with the European Council


Europa building, Brussels, Belgium

The European Council gathers the Heads of State or Heads of Government of the 27 Member States of the European Union, under the supervision of a President responsible for facilitating the emergence of a compromise. Each year, at least 4 gathering for the European council take place. Its main goal is to define the main lines of European Union policy, especially in the area of foreign policy. It decides for the president of the European Commission which is then validated by the Parliament. Since the Treaty of Lisbon (2007), the European Commission is responsible to the Parliament and no longer to the European Council. Located in Brussels, Belgium, the European Council is open to public visits.

⚠ : do not mix up the European Council with the Council of the EU


Europa building, Brussels, Belgium

The European Commission is constituted of 27 commissioners (1 for each state) and one president proposed by the European Council and approved by the Parliament (currently : Ursula von der Leyen). The Commission acts independently of the governments of the Member States. European Commissioners are often political figures who, for the duration of a European mandate or two, leave their national scene and then return to it. It shares executive and legislative powers with the Council of the EU and therefore, they propose and execute European laws and are also known as "Guardian of treaties". The Commission represents "the general interest", although its members - in opposition to the Parliament - are not elected by universal suffrage.


Berlaymont building, Brussels, Belgium

The European court of Justice was created with the Treaty of Paris (1951). It is composed of composed of the "Cour de justice" with its 27 judges and 11 general lawyers, the "Tribunal" with its 54 judges and the "Tribunal de la fonction publique" (until 2016). According to article 19 : it "ensures respect for the law in the interpretation and application of Treaties". The Court ensures the application of Union law and the uniformity of its interpretation on the territory of the Union.Thus, it monitors the legality of the acts of the institutions of the European Union and rules on the respect, by the Member States, of the obligations which arise from the Treaties. It also interprets Union law at the request of national judges. Its headquarters are located in Luxembourg City, Luxembourg.


Palais de la Cour de Justice, Kirchberg, Luxembourg City, Luxembourg

The European Central Bank (ECB) is the prime component of the Eurosystem. Its main goal is to maintain price stability. It makes monetary policy for the Eurozone and the European Union, administers the foreign exchange reserves of EU member states, engages in foreign exchange operations, and defines the intermediate monetary objectives and key interest rate of the EU. The ECB gained the official status of an EU institution with the Treaty of Lisbonne. It has its headquarters in Frankfrut am Main, Germany.


Skytower, Frankfurt, Germany

The European Court of Auditors, which headquaters are located in Luxembourg City, Luxembourg, has no jurisdictional functions. The ECA mainly examines the accounts of all the revenue and spendings of the European Union. It also examines the accounts of all income and spendings of any organ or agency created by the Union. It has 27 members (1 from each EU member-state) supported by approximately 800 civil servants.


Kirchberg, Luxembourg-Ville, Luxembourg