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human immunodeficiency virus

where does this virus come from

  • From a similar virus present in great apes (chimpanzees, gorillas)

  • The virus to infect people in Africa before adapting to humans.

  • This is how the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) was born

  • The first proven case was discovered in 1950

the structure of this virus

  • Lentivirus family

People affECTED AND means of transmission

  • Sexual transmission by genital secretions :70 to 80 % of cases

  • Transmission by blood during donation or contact

  • Maternal-fetal transmission

  • During childbirth

  • During breastfeeding

disease and treatment

  • HIV causes Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS).

  • HAART - Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy

  • Stem cell transplantation