The EU - Timeline
Created on March 31, 2022
More creations to inspire you
from 1957 to today
THE European Union
Treaty of Rome
Creation of EEC (European Economic Community) → 6 countries first joined it : France, Italy, Belgium, Luxembourg, West Germany, The Netherlands → creation of a common market
March, 25th 1957
Creation of the European council with the idea to guide the EEC
- European Parliament started to be elected by direct universal suffrage ⇒ more legitimacy and more decisions taken
Creation of the Schengen area
It adds mobility of people = no more borders between member States of EEC
Single European Act (SEA)
It is the first time since 1957 that the treaties of the EEC change ⇒ creation of a single market and it increased political integration (countries are not just economic partners, they share institutions)
Roland Dumas signs the Single European Act (Luxembourg, February 17th 1986).
Treaty of Maastricht
Creation of the European Union ⇒ creation of European citizenship and the power of the European Parliament increased
Refusal of European Constitution
It was refused by France and The Netherlands that organized a referendum
Treaty of Lisbon
It recognises the European Council as an EU institution (President at its head elected for 6 months) and it creates the European Citizen Initiative
referendum = a general vote by the electorate on a single political question which has been referred to them for a direct decision.
European Citizen Initiative = right of political initiative to an assembly of at least one million citizens of the European Union, coming from at least seven member countries.