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LIFE CYCLE:
ISO 14040
ISO 14044

LIFE CYCLE:



LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT (LCA):

COLLECTION AND EVALUATION OF THE INPUTS, OUTPUTS AND POTENTIAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF A PRODUCT SYSTEM THROUGHOUT ITS LIFE CYCLE





OBJECT OF LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT:


  • IDENTIFICATION OF OPPORTUNITIES TO IMPROVE THE ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE OF A PRODUCT AT DIFFERENT STAGES OF ITS LIFE CYCLE
  • PROVISION OF INFORMATION FOR DECISION MAKING
  • SELECTION OF ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
  • MARKETING: ENVIRONMENTAL LABELING, ENVIRONMENTAL PRODUCT DECLARATION

PHASES OF LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT:


  1. DEFINITION OF OBJECT AND SCOPE
  2. INVENTORY ASSESSMENT
  3. ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT
  4. INTERPRETATION OF RESULTS

PHASES OF LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT:


  1. DEFINITION OF OBJECT AND SCOPE

Intended implementation
Target audience
Product System
Functional unit
Selected impact categories

PHASES OF LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT:


  1. DEFINITION OF OBJECT AND SCOPE
  2. INVENTORY ASSESSMENT

Data collection and calculation procedures to quantify the inputs and outputs of a product system:
Energy, raw material, auxiliaries
Products, co-products and waste
Emissions to air, discharges to water and soil

PHASES OF LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT:


  1. DEFINITION OF OBJECT AND SCOPE
  2. INVENTORY ASSESSMENT
  3. ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT

Mandatory phases:
Classification
Characterization
Optional phases:
Standardization
Weighting

PHASES OF LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT:


  1. DEFINITION OF OBJECT AND SCOPE
  2. INVENTORY ASSESSMENT
  3. ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT
  4. INTERPRETATION OF RESULTS

Conclusions and recommendations

EUROPEAN METHODS

METHODS OF ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT

LIST OF METHODS


NORTH AMERICA

METHODS OF ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT

BEES+ 4.09 (Building for Environmental and Economic Sustainability, NIST)

GLOBAL

METHODS

METHODS OF ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT

  • ReCiPe 2016 Midpoint (E)

  • IMPACT World+ Endpoint


EU ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT METHOD:

EF 3.0 normalization and weighting set:
IMPACT ASSESSMENT METHOD DEVELOPED AT THE INITIATIVE OF THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION. STANDARIZATION AND WEIGHTING FACTORS WERE PUBLISHED IN 2019.

COMMISSION RECOMMENDATION OF 9 APRIL 2013 ON THE USE OF COMMON METHODS TO MEASURE AND COMMUNICATE THE ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE OF PRODUCTS AND ORGANISATIONS THROUGHOUT THEIR LIFE CYCLE

CATEGORY IMPACTS EF 3.0

CLIMATE CHANGE

OZONE DEPLETION
IONISING RADIATION
PHOTOCHEMICAL OZONE FORMATION
PARTICULATE MATTER
HUMAN TOXICITY, NON CANCER
HUMAN TOXICITY, CANCER
ACIDIFICATION
EUTROPHICATION FRESHWATER
EUTROPHICATION MARINE
EUTROPHICATION TERRESTRIAL
ECOTOXICITY FRESWATER
LAND USE
WATER USE
RESOURCE USE, ENERGY CARRIERS
RESOURCE USE, MINERAL AND METALS



INDICATOR
UNITS
GWP100
KG CO2 (eq)



INDICATOR
UNITS
GWP100
KG CO2 (eq)

INDICATOR
UNITS
ODP100
KG CFC11 (eq)

INDICATOR
UNITS
Disease incidence due to kg of PM2,5 emitted
disease inc

INDICATOR
UNITS
POCP
KG NMVOC (eq)


INDICATOR
UNITS
IRP
KBq U235 (eq)

INDICATOR
UNITS
CTUh
CTUh

INDICATOR
UNITS
CTUh
CTUh

INDICATOR
UNITS
AE
MOL H+ (eq)

INIDICATOR
UNITS
PHOSPHORUS EQUIVALENTS
KG P (eq)

INDICATOR
UNITS
NITROGEN EQUIVALENTS
KG N (eq)

INDICATOR
UNITS
AE
MOL H+ (eq)

INDICATOR
UNITS
CTUe
CTUe

INDICATOR
UNITS
Soil quality index
Pt

INDICATOR
UNITS
AWARE
M3 depriv

Indicator
UNITS
ADP-fossil
MJ

INDICATOR
UNITS
ADP-ultimate reserve
KG Sb (eq)