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Transcript

Shakespeare

  • History -> King Richard II
-> background

-> summary
-> construction and style
  • Comedy -> Twelf Night
-> background
-> summary
-> construction and style
  • Diffrence between history & comedy

Table of contents

King Richard II.

Background

  • -> royal drama
  • -> was written down around 1595 & premiered
  • -> 1597 printed for the first time
  • -> first piece of the Lancaster tetralogy
  • -> A genre of its own, in which English history is illuminated
  • -> first contribution to the Tudor myth
  • -> in which the accession to the throne of the House of Tudor is glorified
  • -> was written down around 1595 & premiered

King Richard II.

Background

  • -> important source was Raphael Chronicle of England, Scotland and Ireland from 1587
  • -> Drama was repeatedly banned out of fear
  • -> leans heavily on the historical events at the end of the reign of Richard II.
  • -> and his murder in 1400

King Richard II.

Summary

  • ->King Richard II expels his cousin out of the country.
  • ->He returns a short time later with an army and many allies.
  • ->Richard is forced to cede the throne to Bolingbroke.
  • ->He becomes King Henry IV.
  • ->Richard is murdered by a rebel in the dungeon.

King Richard II.

construction and style

  • ->The play is divided into five acts
  • shows a two-pronged action
  • -> which on the one hand the decline of Richard II.
  • ->on the other hand describes the rise of Bolingbrokes, later King Henry IV
  • ->The two narrative threads meet in the third act of the drama
  • ->dissolve in the confrontation of the two main characters.
  • -> written in verse form -> contains no prose
  • ->Richard speaks very flowery and with many metaphors
  • ->Bolingbroke speaks more prosaically and clearer, more direct words.
  • ->Emotions are conveyed through excessive rhetoric

Background

Twelf Night


  • -> the comedy written at the beginning of the 17th century
  • -> during the last years under Queen Elizabeth I
  • -> 1602 listed for the first time -> earliest document
  • -> in the Middle Temple Hall of the Temple Church in London
  • -> Main source an Italian play entitled Gl'ingannati
  • -> the story Apollonius and Silla by Barnabe Riche from 1581 as a further template.
  • -> resorted to his own plays, such as his Comedy of Errors
  • -> “Twelf Night” -> maker the end of the traditional Christmas season
  • -> symbolic for carnivalesque
  • -> High points in Shakespeare's comedies -> is one of the most played works

Twelf Night

Summary

  • ->Viola loves Duke Orsino,
  • ->Countess loves Olivia,
  • ->Olivia loves Cesario -> but Cesario is Viola disguised as a man,
  • Complicated-> because neither Orsino nor Olivia know that Cesario is a woman
  • -> it gets more complicated when Viola's missing twin brother turns up
  • -> In the end there is a double wedding

Twelf Night

construction and style

  • -> classic structure in five acts
  • -> last act consists of one scene
  • -> Typical features of an Elizabethan romantic comedy are present:
  • -> Confusion, the motif of the separated twins and disguises
  • -> Verses with many interspersed prose passages
  • -> musical interludes: A total of six
  • -> mannered choice of words of the duke
  • -> clear and at the same time majestic choice of words Tone Olivia

Diffrence between history & comedy

Comedy

  • Exaggerated and lighthearted depiction of human weaknesses
  • Triggering liberating laughter in the audience
  • Presentation of a conflict that is often only apparent but can always be resolved
  • Contrast between appearance and reality or hoped for and achieved
  • Playing with expectations and the non-fulfillment of these expectations
  • Deceptions and Entanglements
  • Happy ending (happy ending)

history

  • - no clear genus
  • - Insight into history
  • - Feature-> episodic structure
  • -> Historical ind ividual scenes are historically brought to the stage

Diffrence between history & comedy



  • https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Was_ihr_wollt- Insight into history
  • https://www.getabstract.com/de/zusammenfassung/was-ihr-wollt/14189
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twelfth_Night#Performance_history
  • https://www.getabstract.com/de/zusammenfassung/koenig-richard-ii/22514?st=RELATED&si=14189
  • https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Historie#Shakespeares_Historien-Dramen
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_II_(play)#/media/File:The_Entry_of_Richard_and_Bolingbroke_into_London_(from_William_Shakespeare's_'Richard_II',_Act_V,_Scene_2)_James_Northcote_(1746–1831)_Royal_Albert_Memorial_Museum.jpg

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