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At the time of aparthaid, homelands were built in which the indigenous native should live. In order have enough workers, township were built in cities where black lived. Small houses were constructed in these areas. Mostly on living room, kitchen and bathroom in which lived about 10 people. There are no schools, no hospitals and no sanitary conditions. After apartheid, the townships were inhabited more and more by refugees and inhabitants of the homeland. The problem grew. The goverment was already investing in the townships. Progress in education, medicine and hygiene could be seen, but it was not enough. Even today, people live there under terrible conditions.

After the end, the Freedom Charter was formed. Nelson Mandela described the Freedom Charter thus: "The Freedom Charter is an uncompromising, devastating attack on all forms of racial oppression. It explicitly calls for the establishment of a democracy without racial barriers in this country. And it proclaims fundamental rights to which all citizens are entitled, regardless of the color of their skin." The townships are still a major problem. The residents feel abandoned by the government. For them, the promise has not been kept. The infrastructure is miserable. Due to a lack of education and hygiene, girls become pregnant at a young age. But there is also the opposite case. Many women have trained to become independent and self- reliant. However, they face many barriers, especially from white men.

South Africa is the Rainbow Nation. This name represents the diverse population of the country. There are about 51 million people living in South Africa . Among them are 41 million black, 4,7 white, 4,6 milion colored inhabitants and 1,3 million Indians or Asian people.

Of these are, 51,3 % female and 4,8% male.

The history of colonization and apartheid has shaped the country. Black and White people still live in separate regions. Altough racial division has been abolished, the different inhabitants see themselves as belonging see themselves as belonging to one group. Moreover, the population is also divided into different groups. Some of these are Zulu, Basotho, Tswana and Swazi. Furthermore, there are many refugees from Zimbabwe in the country.

South Africa is one of the largest industrialized countries on the continent. An important part of the economy is the mining industry. Platinum is mined there in the main. The mining of gold, on the other hand, has decreased. The automotive industry is also important in South Africa. Through agriculture, grain, corn, fruit, vegetables and wine are exported. In addition, the tourism sector is strongly promoted and becomes more important for the economy of the country. Despite the diverse economy, poverty and joblessness still remain a major problem in the country. The history of apartheid has left clear footprints

South Africa is often called the 'Rainbow Nation', because there are so many different languages are spoken and different cultural traditions are lived. Below you see people of the Ndebele tribe. the country remains very multicultural. The religions are also very different. Nevertheless, the majority is Christian. The languages are also diverse. English and Afrikaans are the official languages. But other languages such as isZulu are also spoken. Nevertheless, the education system remains at a low level. The government invests too little in education.

Diamonds are one of the highest quality stones. These diamonds were founded in South Africa in Kimberley. In 1817, two brothers The big hole in Kimberley bought a piece landscape South Africa. Soon it became a huge hole. From this they extracted a large amount of diamonds. Their company “Beers” is still one of the biggest in the diamond market.