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Transcript

Cruzan v. Missouri

DEPT. OF HEALTH, 1990

Index

The case

The trial

Debate on euthanasia

Opinion


The car accident

Nancy Cruzan lost control of her car on January 11, 1983.

She spent three weeks in a coma before remaining in a permanent vegetative state.

Nancy Cruzan, two days before her accident - January 1983


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Nancy Cruzan, two years after her accident

The will of her parents

Nancy's parents want to stop the treatments and therefore the tube feeding.

Indeed, they want to respect their daughter's wishes


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Despite parents' requests, nurses refuse to stop the treatment

Index

The case

The trial

Debate on euthanasia

Opinion


The first "right to die" case

A first authorization was given in the first instance




First judgment

First appeal

Second appeal

The judgment was reversed by the Missouri Supreme Court which did not want to stop the treatment.



The United States Supreme Court

Indeed, the trial court allowed the nurses to stop Nancy Cruzan's treatment.


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The court found that the evidence provided by Nancy's parent was not sufficient and did not demonstrate her true wishes.

The first "right to die" case

A first authorization was given in the first instance




First judgment

First appeal

Second appeal

The judgment was reversed by the Missouri Supreme Court which did not want to stop the treatment.



The United States Supreme Court first confirmed the Missouri Supreme Court decision

Indeed, the trial court allowed the nurses to stop Nancy Cruzan's treatment.


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After several years of debate, the disconnection of Nancy has finally arrived.

The U.S. Supreme Court agreed with the decision given on appeal due to lack of evidence.

So, Nancy's parents searched for new evidence of her will and succeeded in finding sufficient evidence.


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The Supreme Court then accepted their request and Nancy Cruzan passed away 8 years later, on December 26, 1990.

Index

The case

The trial

Debate on euthanasia

Opinion


The 14th Amendment: the protector of individual liberties

Jurisdiction over euthanasia remains with the states, not the federal government.

An act was adopted in 1997 prohibiting the use of federal funds to finance assisted suicide.


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More and more rights granted to patients

The right given to the patient to refuse a treatment will be granted by the law of 1990

It's now up to the patient to decide if they needs someone to make medical decisions for them in the case of disability.


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Index

The case

The trial

Debate on euthanasia

Opinion


Our opinion

There is still a lot of debate around the world, the question is still far from being settled.

On one hand, there are those who wish to relieve people in a permanent vegetative state.

On the other hand, there are those who remain hopeful that the person will recover.

Euthanasia is an international theme


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THANK YOU!


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