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Transcript

the McCarthyism

wich witch iswhich ?

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Couteret ; Carla-margaux

the context

In 1945, at the end of In 1945, at the end of the Second World War, two great powers emerged victorious: the USSR and the USA.
In 1947, there was a rupture between these two great powers.
The president of the USA, Truman, then leads a policy of containment, the will to counter communism, it is then the beginning of the cold war.
From this moment on, the Red Scare began in the USA, partly maintained by the press and politicians.

the president truman

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Joseph McCarthy

One of the most important of these is Senator Joseph McCarthy. Born on 14 November 1908 into a farming family in Wisconsin, Joseph Raymond McCarthy studied law and worked in a law firm in the 1930s before becoming a visiting judge. He then tried unsuccessfully to enter politics as a Democrat. In 1942, he decided to resign and join the army. As a private, he took part in operations in the Pacific. After the war, he was elected Senator of Wisconsin in 1946 for the Republican Party, and his campaign was marked by his accusations of communism against his opponents.


The year 1946 was characterised by unemployment, rising prices and major strikes in the USA.
In 1946 the Republican Party won the general election against the Democrats, with President Truman.
The Republican campaign was based on anti-communism and anti-unionism, and thus took advantage of the climate of anxiety fostered by the media and politicians who linked social unrest to fear of the USSR.


At the same time, the FBI claims that there is a large Soviet spy ring in the US, infiltrating the government, schools, the press and the cinema.

The FBI is therefore drawing up a list of 26,000 people to be arrested as a matter of urgency. The list includes journalists, trade unionists, scientists, lawyers and teachers. They are all suspected of being communists.

1946

THE HOLLYWOOD TEN

In 1947 President Truman introduced the policy of containment at the international level. At the national level, he created a loyalty check for civil servants.

Congress passed the Taft-Hartley Act, which required elected union officials to swear an oath stating that they were not communists.
Between 1947 and 1954, the House Un-American Activities Committee, or HUAC, was established. Its aim was to publicly denounce communists, targeting in particular the cinema with the "Hollywood Ten"

Dalton Trumbo, born December 9,1905 in Montrose, in Colorado and died September 10, 1976, at the age of 70, in Los Angeles,it was an American writer, screenwriter and director.
He is best known for being the writer and director of Johnny Got His Gun and for being one of the "Hollywood Ten", a group of film professionals who refused to testify before House Un-American Activities.
Committee on the 1947 Commission of Inquiry into Communist Influences in the Motion Picture Industry. Blacklisted, he can no longer work. He continued to work under various pseudonyms, however, even winning the Oscar for Best Original Story twice in 1954 and late 1956.

Info

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WHAT's more

There was also real censorship, for example, subversive books were removed from the library and teachers and researchers suspected of being communist were purged.


In 1950 Joseph McCarthy led an anti-communist crusade because he was worried about his re-election.
During a speech he said he had a list of 205 names of communists infiltrating the government. The list was false, but he made an impact on public opinion.

McCarthy's deceptive methods were denounced by the Democratic Party and a small part of the Republican Party.

As a result, McCarthy contributed to the election of a Republican in 1952: Eisenhower si the news president

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to conclude

In 1953 he began to investigate the army. At first he attacked civilians and industrialists in the defence sector.
However, in 1954 he attacked General Zwicker. This is why, from March to June 1954, McCarthy held hearings against the army. They were public and well publicised. It was at this point that the Americans discovered the true face of Joseph McCarthy who became unpopular with them.
So much so that in 1954 it was the Democrats who won the elections and voted to convict McCarthy.
He remained a senator but lost his influence. He was no longer received in the media or at the White House. He sank into alcohol and died in 1957.

Joseph McCarthy became the symbol of the witch-hunt that took place between 1945 and 1950 in the USA. However, he did not start it. It was the press and politics that caused it. In conclusion, 13.5 million American citizens were subjected to loyalty tests. The witch-hunt has achieved its goals: the American trade unions are divided and the Communist Party of the USA is very weakened.

This is the case of Ethel and Julius Rosenberg. The couple, accused of spying for the USSR, were sentenced to the electric chair in 1953.
The couple was accused of having delivered secrets about the atomic bomb to the USSR.
In reality, it would appear that the couple did deliver military secrets, but very secondary ones, in the field of electronics, and it would appear that Ethel did not actively participate and never gave any information. She was simply aware of her husband's activities


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Lorem ipsum (19XX):
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Lorem ipsum (19XX):
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Nowadays there are still "witch hunts" concerning different disagreements in society, or even subjects that can be controversial. This is what happened in Morocco in 2020 with homophobia. About sixty names, photos and even addresses and phone numbers were circulated on social networks of people belonging to the LGBT community. These actions have not been without consequences, some have received hate messages, others have been thrown out by their families or have suffered violence from their relatives because of their sexual orientation. Several associations have mobilised to counter this. Although homosexuality is punished by law in Morocco, I believe that everyone is free to choose their sexual orientation and that the government has no right to do that. This is why I chose this "witch-hunt" because it is a very delicate subject even if it is more and more democratised in the society, it is not totally integrated in it. Which is a shame because in the end no matter what our orientation we are all human.

A modernWitches Hunt


Lorem ipsum (19XX):
dolor sit amet consectetur adipiscing elit, eget consequat turpis cras rhoncus nam. Platea eros per fusce metus at morbi, eleifend vitae proin maecenas risus montes. Suscipit fames nostra viverra porta faucibus.



Lorem ipsum (19XX):
dolor sit amet consectetur adipiscing elit, eget consequat turpis cras rhoncus nam. Platea eros per fusce metus at morbi, eleifend vitae proin maecenas risus montes. Suscipit fames nostra viverra porta faucibus.



Lorem ipsum (19XX):
dolor sit amet consectetur adipiscing elit, eget consequat turpis cras rhoncus nam. Platea eros per fusce metus at morbi, eleifend vitae proin maecenas risus montes. Suscipit fames nostra viverra porta faucibus.



Lorem ipsum (19XX):
dolor sit amet consectetur adipiscing elit, eget consequat turpis cras rhoncus nam. Platea eros per fusce metus at morbi, eleifend vitae proin maecenas risus montes. Suscipit fames nostra viverra porta faucibus.