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Transcript

Environmental law

A presentation by

Camille
Garance
Hadya

Summary

I) General introduction of environmental law

II) The environmental responsibility of multinational corporates

III) Environmental law as a social question

Aquí puedes crear un contenido genial

Aquí puedes crear un contenido genial

Aquí puedes crear un contenido genial

A) The different types of environmental problems

Air pollution

Water pollution

Global Warming

"gradual increase in world temperatures caused by gasses in the air which prevent heat escaping into space and are a big threat to the future of the earth"

Fossil Fuels : "material formed underground from the remains of dead plants and animals that humans extract and burn to release energy for use."


Deforestation

-Loss of plants

-Loss of animals habitats

-Emission of greenhouse gasses

B) The beggining of the legislative process

John Muir

Chipko movment, India 19th century

THANKS!

1922's Law

Migratory bird hunting stamp act

9.795 law of 1999

RSFSR law

National Environmental Management Act

Stockholm Conference, 1972

C) The examples of the USA and the UK

The environment act 2021

Better air and water quality

Biodiversity

Waste reduction

Aquí puedes crear un contenido genial

Aquí puedes crear un contenido genial

Aquí puedes crear un contenido genial

Created by Richard Nixon in 1970

The environmental protection agency

Clean air act

1955

1963

Air Pollution Control Act

Clean Air Act

1967

Air Quality Act

Sustainable development

Clean Air Act

74%

reduction of carbon emision

21%

reduction of emission of tropospheric ozone

2million

cases of asthma prevented

II. The environmental responsibility of our multinational corporates

A) Corporates liability in international law

  • Corporates industrial activities have a huge impact on the environment


  • The United Nations regulates the corpotates activities in link with the environment



  • Environment = important aspect of corporates social responsability






B) Environment strategies of multinational corporates

A better knowledge of the product life

Attract more customers

Improve corporate image

Reduce environmental footprint

Environmental
Corporate
Strategy

GREENWASHING

C) Zoom on the greenwashing strategy of McDonald's and Nike

McDonald's

EXCEPTION


  • Birth of an eco-friendly McDonald's

  • More Climate actions

  • New Biodegradable Packaging

  • Sustainable Agriculture

REALITY


  • More a marketing strategy

  • The tracibility of raw materials

  • Palm oil use

  • Animals Welfare

Nike

EXCEPTION

REALITY

VS

  • Recycling + Donation
  • Refurbished --> a new life for old sneakers
  • Use of recyclable materials
  • Pro-ecology to raise awarness

  • Greenwashing strategy = conomic approch
  • Pollution by Nike's activities still exists

II) The environment: a social question

Individuals and associations

States and companies

2015

Juliana vs USA

Climate change

lasting change in global climate due to increased concentrations of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.


GREENHOUSES GASES


gases present in the earth's atmosphere that retain the heat of the planet.

Fossil fuels


non-renewable fuels and greenhouse gas emitters.

2018

People's climate case

10 families from Europe and elsewhere

violation of their fundamental rights


court of the EU ruled that this action was inadmissible

-accused New Zealand of inaction on global warming

-criticized objectives set by the country in the Paris agreement

Sarah Thomson vs New Zealand

Notre affaire à tous

-ultimatum to french government

-five requests in 3 months or trial


Ecocide

RWE

Exxon


-peruvian farmer sued a german company

-german justice said the action was admissible : the company contributed to climate chang

-lawsuit filed by a prosecutor

-company deliberately concealed real consequences of its activity