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Transcript

McCarthyism

The

Start

History

Timeline

what is the McCarthyism ?

The Hollywood Ten

Map

modern Witch Hunt

McCarthyism presentation

McCarthyism presentation

McCarthyism is the practice of making accusations of subversion and treason, particularly with regard to communism and socialism. The term originally referred to the controversial practices and policies of U.S. Senator Joseph McCarthy (RWisconsin), and originated during a period in the United States known as the Second Red Threat. It was characterized by increased political repression and punishment of left-wing individuals, and a campaign to instill fear of communist and socialist influence on U.S. institutions and spying by Soviet spies. After the mid-1950s, McCarthyism began to decline, primarily due to Joseph McCarthy's gradual loss of popularity and public credibility after some of his accusations were proven false, and continued objections from the U.S. Supreme Court led by Chief Justice . Earl Warren on human rights.The Warren Court issued a series of civil and political rights rulings that eliminated a number of McCarthyist laws and directives and helped end McCarthyism. What would be called the McCarthy era began before McCarthy became nationally known. After the first Red Scare, President Harry S. Truman signed an executive order in 1947 to screen federal employees with an association with organizations that rated "whole, fascist, communist or subversive" or support "changing the form of the United States Government by constitutional means. In 1949, a top foreign ministry was ordered to declare in a Diep cockroach program, and the Soviet Union tried an atomic bomb. The Korean War began the next year, greatly increasing stress and fears of impending Communist fluctuations in the United States. In a post-speaking in February 1950, McCarthy presented a list of accused members of the U.S. Communist Party to work in the Department of Foreign Affairs, which attracted the attention of the press and the term McCarthyism was Already published for the first time at the end of March of the same year of the Christian Science Screen, as well as a political painting of Herblock in the Washington Post. . This term has a broader meaning, describing excessive efforts to prevent "subversive elements" called ". In the early twenty-first century, the term is often used more to describe reckless and unsubstantiated allegations of extreme farming and extremism, as well as to carry out personal attacks on the character and patriotism of political opponents.
The main targets of the persecution of Maccarthyst are government employees, the famous entertainment industry personality, academic politicians, left-wing politicians and alliance activities. Nice suspicion depends despite no evidence and conclusive doubts and the level of threat is posed by left-left associations and beliefs or are generally exaggerated. Many people have lost their jobs and destroyed their careers and livelihoods as a result of the persecution of suspected communists, and some were immediately imprisoned. Most of these reprisals were initiated by court decisions that were later overturned , laws were later dismissed as unconstitutional , dismissals for cause were later declared unconstitutional , illegal or prosecutable claims , and in addition to procurement procedures, such as informal blacklisting of employers and public organizations, will often be discredited, although at the time, many lives were ruined . The most notable examples of McCarthyism include the investigations of suspected Communists by Senator McCarthy and the hearings conducted by the Non-House American Activities Committee (HUAC).

McCarthyism presentation

timeline

McCarthyism presentation

map

McCarthyism presentation

Alvah Bessie

holywood ten

Herbert Biberman

Lester Cole

Edward Dmytryk

Ring Lardner Jr

John Howard Lawson

Albert Maltz

Samuel Ornitz

Adrian Scott

Dalton Trumbo

McCarthyism presentation

Alvah Bessie

biography

Alvah Cecil Bessie (June 4, 1904-July 21, 1985) was an American novelist, journalist and screenwriter who was blacklisted by the studios for being one of the Hollywood Ten refused to testify before the House American Activities Committee.

Lester Cole

Herbert J. Biberman was an American screenwriter, director and producer, born on March 4, 1900 in Philadelphia and died on June 30, 1971 in New York.

Herbert Biberman


Lester Cole (June 19, 1904 - August 15, 1985) was an American screenwriter. Cole was one of the Hollywood Ten, a group of screenwriters and directors who were vilified by Congress and blacklisted for refusing to testify about their alleged involvement with the Communist Party.

Edward Dmytryk

Adrian Scott

Edward Dmytryk, born September 4, 1908 in Grand Forks, British Columbia (Canada) and died July 1, 1999 in Encino (California), was an American director of Canadian citizenship.

Robert Adrian Scott (February 6, 1911 - December 25, 1972) was an American screenwriter and film producer. He was one of the Hollywood Ten and was later blacklisted by Hollywood studio bosses.

McCarthyism presentation

Ring Lardner Jr

biography

Ringgold Wilmer Lardner Jr. (August 19, 1915, October 31, 2000) was an American journalist and screenwriter. A member of the "Hollywood Ten," he was blacklisted by Hollywood studios in the late 1940s and 1950s after appearing as a "hostile" witness before the House of Representatives' American Action Committee (HUAC), resulting in Lardner's disdain for Congress. .
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Albert Maltz

John Howard Lawson (September 25, 1894, August 11, 1977) was an American writer, who wrote plays and screenplays. After starting with plays for New York theaters, he worked in writing Hollywood films. He was the first president of the Writers Guild of America, West after the Screen Writers Association split into two regional organizations.
Lawson was one of the Hollywood Ten, the first group of American film industry professionals to be blacklisted by Congress during McCarthy's 1950s investigation into Communist influence in Hollywood. He and his colleagues refused to testify; he was convicted of flouting Congress and served a year in prison. He moved to Mexico, where he wrote several books on theater. After returning to the United States, he taught at several California universities. Under this pseudonym, he wrote the screenplay for Cry, the Beloved Country (1951), an adaptation of Alan Paton's apartheid-critical South African novel.

John Howard Lawson

Albert Maltz (October 28, 1908 - April 26, 1985) was an American playwright, writer and screenwriter. He was one of ten people from Hollywood who were imprisoned in 1950 for refusing to testify before the United States Congress about their involvement with the Communist Party of the United States in 1947. They and many others in the American entertainment industry were subsequently blacklisted, causing Maltz to lose his job in the industry for many years.

Samuel Ornitz

Dalton Trumbo

Samuel Badisch Ornitz (November 15, 1890, March 10, 1957) was an American screenwriter and novelist from New York.He was one of the "Hollywood Ten" blacklisted by studio bosses from the 1950s after appearing before the House American Activities Committee when he was held in contempt of Congress for refusing to testify about his alleged membership in the Communist Party. . In his later years, he wrote novels, including Bride of the Sabbath (1951), which became bestsellers.

Dalton Trumbo, born December 9, 1905 in Montrose (Colorado) and died September 10, 1976 (70 years) in Los Angeles, was an American writer, screenwriter and director. He is best known as the writer and director of Johnny Goes Guerrilla (Johnny Got His Gun) and as one of the "Hollywood Ten", a group of film experts who refused to testify before the House American Activities Committee on the 1947 Commission of Inquiry into Communist Influence in the Motion Picture Industry. Blacklisted, he could no longer work. However, he continued to work under various pseudonyms, even winning the Oscar for Best Original Story twice in 1954 and late 1956.

McCarthyism presentation

modern witch hunt

Of all the examples on this list, Tanzania is by far the worst. In the 21st century alone, an estimated 20,000 people have been arrested and slaughtered for practicing witchcraft, but these witch hunts are not limited to the practice of black magic. In addition to denouncing people as witches, Tanzania also targets and massacres homosexuals or people accused of being homosexual. Between January and June 2017, the Center for Legal and Human Rights reported 479 so-called "mob justice" deaths across the country. These deaths primarily involved elderly women accused of witchcraft as well as government-sanctioned killings of homosexuals. Whatever the reason, Tanzania is the deadliest place for anyone accused of witchcraft in the 21st century. To learn more about witch hunters, read the top 10 unreasonable facts about witch hunters in history.