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Transcript

When the United States, country nowadays so powerful which is the symbol of freedom, decided to enter in a repressive policy...

(1950-1954)

THE MCCARTHYISM : RED SCARE

Despite Benjamin Franklin considered the Bald Eagle as a “bird of bad moral character”, America chose this symbol in 1782.

The arrows signifies the power of United States to do war or peace.

The olive branch signifies the strength and the loyalty of the country.

Index

1 The beginning of witch hunt

2 Famous quotation

3 McCarthyism timeline

4 The beginning of the censorship

5 The blacklist

6 The end of the nightmare

7 The big map

8 Now, a new Hollywood

The Cold War

The BEGINNING of witch hunt

Born because of the american anticommunism, the McCarthyism takes a place in the American spirits further to the speech of Joseph McCarthy.

Joseph McCarthy (1908-1957)

He becomes the president of the United States Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs between 1953 and 1955.


Joseph McCarthy (1908-1957)

He becomes the president of the United States Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs between 1953 and 1955.

"Our job as Americans and as Republicans is to dislodge the traitors from every place where they've been sent to do their traitorous work."

Joseph MCcarthy

Joseph McCarthy makes his speech and creates the McCarthyism

Mccarthyism timeliNe

9 FEBRUARY 1950

Ten stars (The Hollywood Ten) some scenarists, producers, actors are put in jail

OCTOBER 1947

Truman creates the House Un-American Activities Committee

These artists are blacklisted

25 NOVEMBER 1947

McCarthy is condemned

2 DECEMBER 1954

1938

J. McCarthy has criticized despite this the gouvernement judging that it was ”soft on communism”.

In October 1947, 19 stars (scenarists, producers, actors) are suspected to be part of a communist group.

Among them, ten stay suspected and are questioned, they are called the Hollywood Ten.

The beginning oF the CensoRship

They used the fifth commandment of the constitution to tell nothing. Their failure to comply put them in jail for 6 to 12 months.

In November 1947, a blacklist is created. All names which appear in the list could not find a job . This blacklist remains to 60's.

The Blacklist

Charlie Chaplin (1889-1977), who becomes so famous with his movie ”The tramp“, has to go far away from the United States.

The MacCarthyism, which considered by the way the homosexuality as a threat for the country, ends in 1954 when McCarthy has been condemned,

THe end of the nightmare

What happenned at the same time in the woRld ?

Cold War raged in Europe with the Berlin Blockade. This blockade will generate the creation of a wall which will cut Berlin in two parts. This wall will fall only in 1989.



Mao Zedong announced the creation of the People's Republic of China the first of October in 1949.

The 1 October 1954, the Lyttelton Constitution is promulgated in the Federal Republic of Nigeria. This law limits the control of the government to give more autonomy to the rest of the country.

The Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance is signed in 1947 in Rio De Janeiro. That is an union between the United States and a lot of Amrica’s countries (among them we can find the Brazil, Chili, Colombia,…) all of them advocate the capitalism. This treaty signifies an union to fight against communism.

Now, a new HOLLYWOOD

Kirk Douglas, following the screening of his wonderful movie Spartacus, recently declared how he was proud to be part of Hollywood because "in Hollywood we are not split between Democrats or Republicans, we are between Americans."


Kirk Douglas (1916-2020) is an American figure of cinema, famous for these movies : Spartacus or Path of glory made by Stanley Kubric.