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General facts





Famous Canadians




O Canada!

Red and white

Maple leaf

Red and white flag

maple tree


General facts

36.9 million people in 2021

Ottawa: 1.4 million inhabitants

English, French

Mainly christians (roman catholics and protestants

Justin Trudeau

Elizabeth II

The Canadian dollar

The First Europeans

European exploration began in 1497 with the expedition of John Cabot, who was the first to draw a map of Canada’s East Coast. John Cabot, an Italian immigrant to England, was the first to map Canada’s Atlantic shore, setting foot on Newfoundland or Cape Breton Island in 1497 and claiming the New Founde Land for England. English settlement did not begin until 1610

Exploring a River, Naming Canada

Between 1534 and 1542, Jacques Cartier made three voyages across the Atlantic, claiming the land for King Francis I of France.

Royal New France

In 1604, the first European colony north of Florida was established by French explorers Pierre de Monts and Samuel de Champlain, first on St. Croix Island, then at Port-Royal, in Acadia (present-day Nova Scotia). In 1608 Champlain built a fortress at what is now Québec City. The French and Aboriginal people collaborated in the vast

Struggle for a Continent

English colonies became richer and more populous than New France. In the 1700s France and Great Britain battled for control of North America. In 1759, the British defeated the French in the Battle of the Plains of Abraham at Québec City — marking the end of France’s empire in America.


The old Province of Canada was divided into two new provinces: Ontario and Quebec, which, with New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, formed the new country called of Canada. The British Parliament passed the British North America Act in 1867. The Dominion of Canada was officially born on July 1, 1867. Until 1982, July 1 was celebrated as “Dominion Day” to commemorate the day that Canada became a self-governing Dominion. Today it is officially known as Canada Day.

History: a (very) brief summary

Mucem,dis.RMN-Grand Palais/image Mucem

fur-trade economy.

Fur traders in Canada, 1777
source: Fur Institute of Canada

fur= fourrure

trade: commerce

the dominion

Dominion is defined as control or power over, or the authority to rule. When a king has power over a certain territory.


Canada is the second largest country in the world! It is composed of ten provinces and three territories.

Toronto is the largest city.
The longest river is McKenzie river.
The largest lake is Great Bear Lake.
The highest mountain is Mount Logan.

In Canada, there are forests, mountains, valleys and lakes.

You will also find bisons, moose, bighorn sheep, beavers, caribous , deer , polar bears and killer whales.


The capital of Alberta is Edmonton.


The name of this province is the same as its capital.


The capital of Canada is just South of Ontario and its name is Ottawa.


This province is located just South of Quebec.

British Columbia

The capital of this province is Victoria.



The Yukon Territory is really cold so it is not very populated (only 38,630 inhabitants).Its capital city is Whitehorse.

Northwest Territories are mostly constituted of tundra and forests where moose, wolves, black and grizzly bears can be observed.

Its capital city is Yellowknife.

Nunavut is Canada's Northernmost territory and also the largest.

Its capital city is Iqaluit (7700 inhabitants).


Drag and drop each name into the correct box.

a bighorn sheep

plural: bighornsheep


plural: deer

a killer whale

plural: killer whales

Mount Logan, Yukon

Great Bear Lake, Northern Territories

The Mackenzie River
© Monte HUMMEL / WWF-Canada

deposit photo.com

a caribou
plural: caribou


Watch the video and discover the food you have to taste if you go to Canada!


Lacrosse was declared a national game of Canada in 1859 and a summer sport in 1994. It is played by thousands of people across Canada. Lacrosse is governed by the Canadian Lacrosse Association formed in 1925.

Soccer has gained popularity in Canada over many years. Although soccer in Canada was played under a variety of rules, the main concept of soccer was there. The first soccer game had taken place in Toronto in October 1876 between two local clubs. The Canadian Women soccer team has succeeded numerous times at an international level.

Baseball has been played in Canada since the beginning and is one of the most popular sports in the country. The oldest baseball park in the world is still in operation in Labatt Park in Ontario. The country has only one Major League, the Toronto Blue Jays.

Although Canada is not sanctioned to participate in test matches, the national team is allowed to participate in One Day International Matches. The country has had a very competitive women’s cricket team and the U-19 that has taken part in three U-19 World Cup events.

Rugby was probably introduced in Canada by the Royal Navy in 1823 that also fostered its development in different parts of the country.

Ice hockey is considered to be the most popular sport in Canada, as the sport having been named as the official national sport in Canada. The Canadian Ice hockey league, “National Hockey League (NHL)” is established both in Canada and the United States. Canada has 7 teams currently playing.

Curling is a popular sport in Canada, especially in the Prairie Provinces with several popular teams in the country based in Alberta and Manitoba. Curling in Canada has always been associated with the military and was brought into the country from Scotland.

The root of basketball is firmly embedded in Canada. The modern basketball game was founded by a Canadian, James Naismith, in 1891 while working as a physical education instructor in the US. Several players who took part in the first game came from Canada.

Celine Dion


Justin Bieber

Jim Carrey

Michael Bublé

Sandra Oh

Ryan Reynolds


I am a singer. I was born in 1967 in Charlemagne, Quebec. In 1997, I sang " My Heart Will Go On" for the soundtrack of James Cameron's blockbuster film Titanic.

I was born in 1986 in Toronto. I am a rapper, singer, songwriter, actor and businessman.

I was born in 1994 in London, Ontario. I am a singer and a songwriter. In 2009, I released my first EP (extended play) My World and became a teen idol.

I was born in Newmarket, Ontario. I am an actor, comedian, writer, producer and artist. In 1994, I played the title role in The Mask. In 2000, I was the Grinch in the movie How The Grinch Stole Christmas produced by Ron Howard. I won a Golden Globe for my leading role in The Truman Show (1998)

I was born in 1971 in Nepean, Ontario. I am an actress. I play Christina Yang in the medical drama series Grey's Anatomy.

I am an actor. I was born in 1976 in Vancouver,British Columbia. In 2016 and 2019, I played the role of an antihero in Deadpool 1 and 2.

In 2019, I voiced Pikachu in the film Detectctive Pikachu.

I was born in 1975 in Burnaby, British Columbia. I am a singer and a songwriter.


Drag and drop each name under the correct picture.

quizz time!

You have 10 seconds to answer each question


How many provinces are there in Canada?

There are ten provinces

Newfoundland & Labrador, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, British Columbia

Name as many provinces as possible.

Where are the three territories located ?

In the North


What is the capital city of Canada?

Who is the Prime Minister?

Justin Trudeau

Céline Dion, Drake, Ryan Reynolds etc.

Name one famous Canadian !

36.9 million !

How many inhabitants are there?

The Canadian dollar

What is the currency in Canada ?

Nanaimo bars, butter tarts, B.C smoked salmon, Montreal smoked meat, Alberta beef, lobster, maple syrup, poutine

Name one traditional dish.



What is that sport?