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what was it like for children living in victorian britain?

the Victorian Era

start

index

1. Observe and comment

2. Child Labour - vocab

3. Read and Understand

4. Could/ Had to

5. Watch - Child Labour

6. Vocabulary - Quizlet

7. Queen Victoria

8. Match - Acts protecting Children

9. Read and Write - Oliver Twist

10. The Preterite

11. Team

12. Thanks

- age?

- place?
- date?
- job?

Observe and comment

Match the children jobs with the French words:




Life was very hard for poor people during the Victorian era.

Poor children, even as young as four years old, had to work to help support their families.


Most mine, factory and mill owners did not think anything was wrong with giving job to children.

There were no laws to protect working children


CHANGING TIMES

Before 1800, Britain was mostly a rural society, dominated by agriculture. Under the reign of Queen Victoria, Britain changed a lot because of the Industrial Revolution. England turned from a rural and agricultural society into an industrial and urban society. Thanks to the invention of the steam engine and new machines, the British industry could develop.
New machines were invented that could replace people on farms. People and goods could travel more easily thanks to new means of transportation such as railways and steam boats.
As a consequence, many people were out of work and they had to move to the cities to find jobs in new industries. At the same time the number of people living in Britain more than doubled so this caused a huge demand for housing.

THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION and HOUSING IN VICTORIAN ERA

Unfortunately, most cities were not prepared for that great increase of people looking for accommodation. Because of the shortage of houses, many people had to share rooms. Factory owners built houses for their workers near their factories. These houses were built close together really quickly and cheaply. They didn't have running water or toilets. People had to share outdoors toilet. To make things worse, the water from pumps was often polluted, the streets were filthy and the air was filled with black smokes from the factories' chimneys.
As a result, lots of people died of diseases such as typhus, small pox, dysentery and cholera.

Help:
mostly: principalement - the steam engine: la machine à vapeur - goods : les biens - railway : le chemin de fer - (to) be out of work : être sans emploi - the shortage of: le manque de - filthy: insalubre, malsain

Questions:

1)List all the inventions mentioned in the first paragraph:
__________________________________________
2)Housing conditions were awful (horrible) , explain why? (2nd paragraph)
__________________________________________
3)What were the consequences on people?
__________________________________________

Je liste le vocabulaire intéressant pour ce chapitre dans mon cahier.

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Watch and answer questions.


La réponse à la dernière question est à rédiger dans le cahier.

Watch - Child Labour

COULD et COULDN'T sont les passés de CAN et CAN'T, ils servent à exprimer la capacité ou l'incapacité dans le passé.

On utilise COULD pour dire ce qu'on pouvait faire dans le passé.

On utilise COULDN'T pour dire ce que l'on ne pouvait pas faire dans le passé.

HAD TO + base verbale sert à exprimer l’obligation au passé.

ex:


When she was one, she could walk.

When she was one, she couldn't speak.

Tom had to call the police
(Tom a dû appeler la police)


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Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit, sed diam nonummy nibh euismod tincidunt ut.

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit, sed diam nonummy nibh euismod tincidunt ut.

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit, sed diam nonummy nibh euismod tincidunt ut.

Queen Victoria

Queen Victoria

Victoria was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (1837-1901) and Empress of India (1876-1901). Her reign was the longest of any monarch in British history until Queen Elizabeth II and came to be known as the Victorian era. Victoria was the only child of Prince Edward and Princess Victoria Mary Louise of Saxe-Coburg-Saafield. She was born on the 24th of May 1819. Her father died eight months after she was born. She was born at Kensington Palace, London. Victoria was part of a German family who came from Hanover. Victoria’s first language was German. At three years old, she learnt to speak English and French. Later, she learnt to speak Hindustani because she was ruler of India as well.


She didn’t go to school. She was taught at home. As well as learning languages, Victoria studied history, art, and the Bible. She was taught how to play the piano and learnt how to paint. Victoria came to the throne when she was only eighteen years old, on June 20th, 1837. Her coronation was a year later on June 28th, 1838. At the age of twenty-one, Victoria married her cousin, Albert of Saxe-Coburg Gotha, a German Prince. They had nine children. Queen Victoria reigned for sixty-three years. Her husband died in 1861 at the age of forty-two. She mourned his death for ten years and wore black for the rest of her reign. Queen Victoria had many houses: she lived in Buckingham Palace, Windsor Castle, Osborne House (in the Isle of Wight) and Balmoral Castle (in Scotland). She was the first monarch to live in Buckingham Palace. Queen Victoria loved singing and she enjoyed painting and drawing. She loved going to the opera. She died on the 22nd of January 1901 at Osbourne House at the age of eighty-one years old.

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Oliver Twist


WHO? WHAT? WHERE? WHEN?

In pairs, use your imagination and the past simple to imagine what Oliver Twist’s life was in the Victorian time.

Use HAD TO / COULD / COULD NOT, the simple past and don't forget link words!

Read, understand and write

The Preterite

Pour les verbes réguliers, il suffit de prendre la base verbale et de rajouter ED à la fin du verbe.
Par exemple, le verbe to walk ( marcher), devient walked.

Mais il existe une seconde catégorie de verbes : les verbes irréguliers.
Au lieu de se finir en ED, ils prennent une autre forme de terminaison.
Par exemple, le verbe to think (penser) ne donnera pas thinked mais thought.
Le verbe to see (voir) ne donnera pas seeed mais saw.


Yesterday, I ......... (play - regular) video games.

I ..... (see - irregular) my friends.

Last year, I .... (give - irregular) my bike.

You .... (help - regular) me with my homework.