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Stanford experiment

The Stanford experiment (sometimes nicknamed the Lucifer effect) is a social psychology study conducted by philip zimbarbo in 1971 on the prison situation, which had a gread social and media.

in August 1971 a Stanford University psychology professor, Philip Zimbardo, recruited about 20students to participate in a "prison experiment". He assigned them, randomly, to the roles of guards or immates. He gave theformer military suits and sunglasses, to anonymize them. He asked the "prisoners" to put tights on their heads to mimic slaved heads , chains on their feet and blouses without underwear ,a crazy costumes so that they felt emasculated helpess, he explained, the guards were never to call them by their name but their service number .The confinement, the anonymity of the executioners and the dehumanization of the victims inevitably provoke violence.

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the right to use the bathroom became a privilege that could be - and often was - denied. Some prisoners were forced to clean the toilets with their bare hands. The mattresses were removed from the "wrong" cell and the prisoners were forced to sleep on the floor without any clothing. Food deprivation was also often used as a punishment. In addition, the prisoners had to endure forced nudity and even acts of sexual humiliation.

The Stanford experiment ended on August 20, 1971. The result of the experiment was used as an argument to demonstrate people's impressionability and obedience in the presence of legitimate ideology and institutional support and social.

In psychology, the results of the experiment are supposed to support the thesis of a behavior according to the situations and not to the predispositions (in particular genetic) of the individuals.