IlyÃ ̈s KAMMOUN
Created on February 25, 2022
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Which witch is which?
Definition of witch
Definition of witch hunt
A Wich is a Person to whom supernatural powers are attributed and in particular the ability to perform evil spells with the help of the devil or evil forces.
The witch hunt is the systematic pursuit, persecution and conviction of people accused of practicing witchcraft.
The Salem witch trials were a series of hearings and persecutions of people accused of witchcraft in colonial Massachusetts between February 1692 and May 1693 in several Massachusetts villages near Salem.
This is one of the first repression of witchcraft. Indeed, every girl who was supposed to be a witch, was rejected by the society. This resulted by the arrestation of a lot of men and women accused of witchcraft.
The Puritans were English Protestants in the 16th and 17th centuries who sought to purify the Church of England of Roman Catholic practices, maintaining that the Church of England had not been fully reformed and should become more Protestant.
Elected to the Senate in 1946, Joseph McCarthy (1908-1957) did not draw major national attention until 1950. On February 9th of that year, he delivered a Lincoln day blaming failures in American foreign policy on Communist infiltration of the U.S. government. The Wisconsin Republican claimed to have a list of known Communists still working in the Department of State. And then begun the repression of McCarthysm.
McCarthyism is a period of American history, also known as the "Red Scare" and frequently referred to as a witch hunt. McCarthyism has its origins in the strong anti-communist sentiment that had been developed in the United States in the context of the Cold War.
I’m going to talk about one of the actor who were accused of communism during this period.
Indeed, the leaders were McCarthy and most of burocrats, journalists, and politicians. McCarthysm is one of the biggest episode of political repression.
During 1930-1940, person who admitted or accused of communism were judged. And this person can go to jail or loose his job. People can also be incorporated in a blacklist. And these persons found themselves forced to scrape out meager living in new occupation.
Sterling Hayden is an American actor and writer
He stars in many highly admired films, such as Johnny Guitar or The Asphalt Jungle.
In 2008, the American National Archives revealed surprising names like the one of Sterling Hayden, who had fought alongside Tito's supporters in Yugoslavia.
But he was also brought to testify before the House Un-American Activities Committee, the organ of McCarthyism which mainly questioned him about his brief membership in the American Communist Party.
He was put on the cinema blacklist.
Then he changes his job, and becomes writer. He is the author of two books. Including, Wanderer where, in particular, he returns to the period of the "witch hunt", and expresses the terrible remorse that has eaten away at him since he was blacklisted. Indeed the story of the witches is similar to the exclusion of communists from society during this period.
Indeed, this book is talking about his story, that’s why the first character has his name.
The expression "Hollywood Ten" refers to ten producers, screenwriters or film directors who were summoned in 1947 by the House Un-American Activities Committee.
Today we continue talking about witchcraft. Indeed, Donald Trump posted a message on Twitter the April 10th, 2018 that mentions: “Total Witch Hunt!” . Whatever the President of the United States is talking about, the witch hunt would indeed have become total nowadays, and this more than 240 years after the last execution of a witch in Europe.
But who are the best candidates we hunt these days instead of witches?
It can be noted that hackers from countries that have advanced computer technologies are sometimes the target of accusations of espionage or interference in the internal affairs of other countries.
In January 2017, the American intelligence services published a report on Russian hackers who allegedly interfered in the presidential election to support Donald Trump. It was "a baseless set of accusations" according to Russian diplomacy.
President Trump mocked the report on Twitter, while the Kremlin called the "unprofessional and emotional" report akin to a "witch hunt."
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