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Nuclear medecine

an unexpected use of nuclear energy ?

Index

what is it ?

Xrays/n.M.

how does it works?

advantages & disadvantages

What is it ?

-> specialized area of radiology

-> uses radioactive materials or radiopharmaceuticals

-> chemistry, physics, mathematics, computer technology, and medicine

-> used for :
- diagnosis (detect hyperthyroidism, thyroid cancer, lymphomas, and bone pain from some types of cancer)
- therapy (for cancers)


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Xrays and nuclear medicine

Xray

Nuclear medicine

- radioactive material is injected

- used in diagnosis or treatment

- shows function

- beams of radiation pass through the body

- shows structure

- used in diagnoses

- can take a long time

- instantly/few minutes


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How does it work

Blood cells are "tagged" with a radionuclide

The blood is injected back into the vein and its process is traced with a scanner


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Advantages & disadvantages


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Advantages & disadvantages

Advanced treatment options

Early detection of ailments

Accuracy

Early stage detection

Alternative to exploratory surgery


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Advantages & disadvantages

Advanced treatment options

Early detection of ailments

Accuracy

High operating costs

Health risks

No guaranteed assurance

Early stage detection

We don't know the long term consequences

Allergic reactions are possible

Alternative to exploratory surgery


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CONCLUSION


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THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION !

Faïza & Arc'hantaël


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