Created on February 16, 2022
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The Pinnacles Desert
The Pinnacles of Nambung National Park are natural limestone structures, dating back 25,000-30,000 years! Drive or walk through the mysterious, otherworldly desert and admire views of the Pinnacles and yellow earth. Look back towards the coast to see how the landscape changes from the yellow of the desert, to white sand dunes, and the blue of the Indian Ocean in the background. Don't forget to keep your eyes peeled for native Australian wildlife like kangaroos and emus, particularly if you are visiting early in the morning or later in the afternoon.
The Pinnacles are found in Nambung National Park, approximately 200 kilometres north of Perth, the drive time is approximately 2 hours.
You can visit Nambung National Park and the Pinnacles Desert at any time, but visitors are expected to have left the park by 9pm.
The Pinnacles are a spectacular place to visit after dark, soaking up endless views of the Milky Way galaxy sprawling above you in the night sky. You can self-drive and explore by yourself (remember to take care, stick to the dedicated paths and take a torch!), or join a dedicated nighttime tour to the Pinnacles with tour operators.
They are the tallest of all marsupials, standing over 6 feet (2 meters) tall.Because of their large feet, kangaroos can jump some 30 feet (9 meters) in a single bound, and travel more than 30 miles (48 kilometers) per hour.
The emu is one of the animals living only in Australia. It is the second-lagest bird by height in the world because they can be 1.9 meters (6.2feet) tall ! But they cannot fly.
The koala bear
The koala is an iconic Australian animal. Often called the koala “bear,” this tree-climbing animal is a marsupial—a mammal with a pouch for the development of babies. Koalas live in the eucalyptus forests of southeastern and eastern Australia. When not sleeping, they’re usually eating.
The platypus is a semi-aquatic mammal that has a very strange appearance, it has a duck-bill on its face, has a beaver-like tail, lays eggs, has otter-like fur and webbed feet.
The male platypus has a venom that is powerful enough to kill small animals such as dogs. The venom is not lethal to humans, but it can cause severe pain, that sometimes lasts for weeks.
Platypus use their sense of electroreception (they can detect objects in water) to feed on worms, insects, and freshwater shrimp.
The platypus sleeps on average up to 14 hours per day.
Western Australia is Australia’s largest state. It covers nearly one third (1/3) of the country. But only about 10 percent of Australia’s people live there. Western Australia covers an area of 976,790 square miles (2,529,875 km²). The state capital is Perth, a city on the southwestern coast. The vast majority (92 percent) live in the south-west corner; 79 percent of the population lives in the Perth area.
In the 1880s people discovered gold in southern Western Australia, and settlers arrived.
The Northern Territory
The Northern Territory covers about one sixth (1/6) of the Australian continent with a zone of 1.35 million km2, which is equal to the combined areas of France, Spain and Italy.
Darwin, the capital is situated in the north-western corner of the Territory. The temperature in Darwin remains almost constant throughout the year (between 20 and 30°C).
In the north, there are two seasons known locally as “the wet” (October to April) and “the dry” (May to September). During the wet season, the coast is subject to tropical cyclones (hurricanes or typhoons).
The well-known monolith, Ayers Rock, 348 m high, is near the south-west corner of the Territory.
South Australia is a state in the southern central part of Australia. It covers some of the most arid, emptiest parts of the country. It has a total of 1.77 million people, and its population is the second most highly centralised in Australia with more than 77 percent of South Australians living in the capital, Adelaide, or its environs.
Today, the state is known for its fine wine and numerous cultural festivals.
New South Wales
New South Wales is a state on the east coast of Australia. In June 2020, the population of New South Wales was over 8.1 million, making it Australia's most populous state. New South Wales has Australia’s largest population of Aboriginal Australians. New South Wales' state capital is Sydney, which is also Australia's most populous city.
Summer temperatures can be very hot, while winter nights can be quite cold in this region.
Queensland is Australia’s second largest state. It occupies approximately 23% of the continent in the north-east, it is seven times the size of Great Britain.
Queenslanders famously live an outdoor lifestyle. The state is nicknamed the Sunshine State for its fantastic climate and is well known to be “beautiful one day, perfect the next”. Everything you do in Queensland will be bathed in sunlight. The state experiences around 260 days of sunshine every year, making it the ideal place to get outside.
The capital city is Brisbane and approximately 5 million people live in the state. The majority of the state’s population can be found on the coast.
Victoria is Australia’s second-smallest state and is only very slightly smaller than the UK (227,000 km² vs 242,000 km²) but has only 10% of the population. Victoria’s population in September 2020 was 6.6 million, whereas the United Kingdom was 66.6 million.
In fact, the UK actually has a larger population than the whole of Australia by over double, despite its smaller size. It’s probably an obvious fact that Victoria was named after Queen Victoria, but did you know Queensland was named after her too?
Victoria’s capital, Melbourne is located around the coast, about five kilometres from the bay. Melbourne is within a short drive of beaches, ski resorts, a richly varied rural countryside and spectacular forests. Visitors can stay on farms, or hire a metal detector in country where prospectors still find gold nuggets more than 140 years after the gold rushes. Water sports, rock climbing, gliding, hang gliding and hot air ballooning are available.
Tasmania or "Tassie" is Australia's smallest state and an archipelago (a group of islands), 240 km south of mainland Australia. If you're looking for a unique way to arrive on the island, you can travel from Melbourne to Devonport by sea on the ferry Spirit of Tasmania. Best of all, you can bring your car with you. If you choose this option, check out a Tasmania attractions map, and prepare a scenic road-trip.
Tasmania's capital is Hobart.
Tasmania is home to about 500,000 people. Most of them have British ancestors. The British established the first colony and many of the Europeans who lived there were prisoners sent to the island from Great Britain.
The Australian Capital Territory
The Australian Capital Territory contains the national capital Canberra and some minor towns. All important institutions of the Australian government are inside the territory. It is a small territory, completely enclaved in New South Wales.
The Indian Ocean provides great conditions all kinds of watersports from swimming and fishing to surfing and kiteboarding as well as plenty of underwater adventures with some great snorkeling and diving trails to discover.
With 197 kilometres of sun, sea and white sand to be enjoyed on the coastline, you can be as active or chilled out as you like.
Everyone will find a beach to fall in love with in Perth - they're well maintained and open to the public all year round, free of charge.
Many beaches have public barbecues and picnic areas, children's playgrounds, nearby cafes, restaurants and kiosks and fantastic conditions for swimming and water sports.
As the seat of the Government of Australia, Canberra is home to many important institutions of the federal government, national monuments and museums. This includes Parliament House, Government House and the High Court.
Canberra has been ranked among the world's best cities to live and visit.
It is an entirely planned city. In 1912, the Australian Government had a Federal Capital Design Competition to find a design for the nation's capital. They received 137 propositions from all over the world, including Mexico, Sweden, South Africa, Paraguay, France and India!
Canberra is known as Australia’s capital city and sometimes affectionately called The Bush capital. It is the eighth largest city in the country. It is in its own territory and not in a state: the Australian Capital Territory.
https://kids.kiddle.co/Canberra https://pavilioncanberra.com.au/feed/pavilion-blog/10-things-you-didn-t-know-about-canberra https://www.anfa-national.org.au/flying-the-flag/meaning-symbolism/
Canberra is the only city in the world where you can skydive over the country’s parliament house!
A temperate climate makes Sydney spectacular at any time of the year. Walk in pretty parks and gardens, walk along beaches, and marvel at Australia’s unique native animals and marine life at Taronga Zoo and SEA LIFE Sydney Aquarium year round.
Yellow disk - represents the Sun, the giver of life and protector.
When British colonisers began colonizing Australia in 1788, between 750,000 and 1.25 million Aboriginal Australians are estimated to have lived there. Soon, epidemics ravaged the island’s indigenous people, and British settlers took Aboriginal lands.
In 2008, Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd gave a national apology for the country’s actions toward Aboriginal Australians of the Stolen Generations.
Australia is famous to be the home to some of the most dangerous animals in the world. But the deadliest will surprise you.
Their venom is considered to be the most deadly in the world, containing toxins that attack the heart, nervous system, and skin cells.
The blue-ringed octopi are generally found living in coral reefs and tide pools. There is no antidote to their venom, the victim simply has to wait.
Before the introduction of specialised anti-venom in 1956, the coastal taipan was one of the most feared snake in the world causing death in as little as 30 minutes.
The Great Barrier Reef