Want to make creations as awesome as this one?

Transcript

Discovering Australia

Start by clicking on Australia on the map

If you want to return to this map during your exploration, click on this sign.

If you need help for the vocabulary, click on this sign.

animals

places

states/
territories

points of interest

Melbourne


The Pinnacles Desert


The Pinnacles of Nambung National Park are natural limestone structures, dating back 25,000-30,000 years! Drive or walk through the mysterious, otherworldly desert and admire views of the Pinnacles and yellow earth. Look back towards the coast to see how the landscape changes from the yellow of the desert, to white sand dunes, and the blue of the Indian Ocean in the background. Don't forget to keep your eyes peeled for native Australian wildlife like kangaroos and emus, particularly if you are visiting early in the morning or later in the afternoon.

The Pinnacles are found in Nambung National Park, approximately 200 kilometres north of Perth, the drive time is approximately 2 hours.

You can visit Nambung National Park and the Pinnacles Desert at any time, but visitors are expected to have left the park by 9pm.

The Pinnacles are a spectacular place to visit after dark, soaking up endless views of the Milky Way galaxy sprawling above you in the night sky. You can self-drive and explore by yourself (remember to take care, stick to the dedicated paths and take a torch!), or join a dedicated nighttime tour to the Pinnacles with tour operators.


https://www.australiascoralcoast.com/destination/pinnacles


The kangaroo


Kangaroos live in Eastern Australia. They live in small groups called troops or herds (“mobs” by Australians), typically made up of 50 or more animals.


They are the tallest of all marsupials, standing over 6 feet (2 meters) tall.Because of their large feet, kangaroos can jump some 30 feet (9 meters) in a single bound, and travel more than 30 miles (48 kilometers) per hour.

https://kids.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/facts/kangaroo

The emu

The emu is one of the animals living only in Australia. It is the second-lagest bird by height in the world because they can be 1.9 meters (6.2feet) tall ! But they cannot fly.


source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emu

The koala bear

The koala is an iconic Australian animal. Often called the koala “bear,” this tree-climbing animal is a marsupial—a mammal with a pouch for the development of babies. Koalas live in the eucalyptus forests of southeastern and eastern Australia. When not sleeping, they’re usually eating.

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/facts/koala

The platypus

The platypus is a semi-aquatic mammal that has a very strange appearance, it has a duck-bill on its face, has a beaver-like tail, lays eggs, has otter-like fur and webbed feet.


The male platypus has a venom that is powerful enough to kill small animals such as dogs. The venom is not lethal to humans, but it can cause severe pain, that sometimes lasts for weeks.

Platypus use their sense of electroreception (they can detect objects in water) to feed on worms, insects, and freshwater shrimp.

The platypus sleeps on average up to 14 hours per day.


https://www.sciencekids.co.nz/sciencefacts/animals/platypus.html

Western Australia


Western Australia is Australia’s largest state. It covers nearly one third (1/3) of the country. But only about 10 percent of Australia’s people live there. Western Australia covers an area of 976,790 square miles (2,529,875 km²). The state capital is Perth, a city on the southwestern coast. The vast majority (92 percent) live in the south-west corner; 79 percent of the population lives in the Perth area.


In the 1880s people discovered gold in southern Western Australia, and settlers arrived.


https://kids.kiddle.co/Western_Australia

https://kids.britannica.com/kids/article/South-Australia/399671

The Northern Territory


The Northern Territory covers about one sixth (1/6) of the Australian continent with a zone of 1.35 million km2, which is equal to the combined areas of France, Spain and Italy.


Darwin, the capital is situated in the north-western corner of the Territory. The temperature in Darwin remains almost constant throughout the year (between 20 and 30°C).

In the north, there are two seasons known locally as “the wet” (October to April) and “the dry” (May to September). During the wet season, the coast is subject to tropical cyclones (hurricanes or typhoons).


The well-known monolith, Ayers Rock, 348 m high, is near the south-west corner of the Territory.


https://www.australias.guide/nt/facts/

South Australia


South Australia is a state in the southern central part of Australia. It covers some of the most arid, emptiest parts of the country. It has a total of 1.77 million people, and its population is the second most highly centralised in Australia with more than 77 percent of South Australians living in the capital, Adelaide, or its environs.


Today, the state is known for its fine wine and numerous cultural festivals.


https://kids.britannica.com/kids/article/South-Australia/399671

https://kids.kiddle.co/South_Australia

New South Wales


New South Wales is a state on the east coast of Australia. In June 2020, the population of New South Wales was over 8.1 million, making it Australia's most populous state. New South Wales has Australia’s largest population of Aboriginal Australians. New South Wales' state capital is Sydney, which is also Australia's most populous city.


Summer temperatures can be very hot, while winter nights can be quite cold in this region.


Historically, the Colony of New South Wales was founded as a British penal colony (with prisoners) in 1788.

https://kids.kiddle.co/New_South_Wales

https://www.nsw.gov.au/about-nsw/key-facts-about-nsw

Queensland


Queensland is Australia’s second largest state. It occupies approximately 23% of the continent in the north-east, it is seven times the size of Great Britain.


Queenslanders famously live an outdoor lifestyle. The state is nicknamed the Sunshine State for its fantastic climate and is well known to be “beautiful one day, perfect the next”. Everything you do in Queensland will be bathed in sunlight. The state experiences around 260 days of sunshine every year, making it the ideal place to get outside.

The capital city is Brisbane and approximately 5 million people live in the state. The majority of the state’s population can be found on the coast.


https://www.myqldholiday.com.au/about-queensland

Victoria


Victoria is Australia’s second-smallest state and is only very slightly smaller than the UK (227,000 km² vs 242,000 km²) but has only 10% of the population. Victoria’s population in September 2020 was 6.6 million, whereas the United Kingdom was 66.6 million.

In fact, the UK actually has a larger population than the whole of Australia by over double, despite its smaller size. It’s probably an obvious fact that Victoria was named after Queen Victoria, but did you know Queensland was named after her too?


Victoria’s capital, Melbourne is located around the coast, about five kilometres from the bay. Melbourne is within a short drive of beaches, ski resorts, a richly varied rural countryside and spectacular forests. Visitors can stay on farms, or hire a metal detector in country where prospectors still find gold nuggets more than 140 years after the gold rushes. Water sports, rock climbing, gliding, hang gliding and hot air ballooning are available.

https://www.australias.guide/vic/facts/

https://thesabbaticalguide.com/facts-about-victoria

Darwin

Brisbane

Hobart

Tasmania


Tasmania or "Tassie" is Australia's smallest state and an archipelago (a group of islands), 240 km south of mainland Australia. If you're looking for a unique way to arrive on the island, you can travel from Melbourne to Devonport by sea on the ferry Spirit of Tasmania. Best of all, you can bring your car with you. If you choose this option, check out a Tasmania attractions map, and prepare a scenic road-trip.

Tasmania's capital is Hobart.


Tasmania is home to about 500,000 people. Most of them have British ancestors. The British established the first colony and many of the Europeans who lived there were prisoners sent to the island from Great Britain.

Tasmania is home to small, fierce animals called Tasmanian devils. They are marsupials, or mammals that carry their young in pouches.


https://www.planetware.com/tourist-attractions-/tasmania-aus-tas-tas.htm

https://kids.britannica.com/kids/article/Tasmania/399673

Adelaide



The Australian Capital Territory


The Australian Capital Territory contains the national capital Canberra and some minor towns. All important institutions of the Australian government are inside the territory. It is a small territory, completely enclaved in New South Wales.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Australian_Capital_Territory


The Indian Ocean provides great conditions all kinds of watersports from swimming and fishing to surfing and kiteboarding as well as plenty of underwater adventures with some great snorkeling and diving trails to discover.

With 197 kilometres of sun, sea and white sand to be enjoyed on the coastline, you can be as active or chilled out as you like.

Everyone will find a beach to fall in love with in Perth - they're well maintained and open to the public all year round, free of charge.

https://www.destinationperth.com.au/region/best-beaches-perth https://www.viator.com/en-AU/tours/Perth/Deep-Sea-Fishing-Charter-from-Perth

Many beaches have public barbecues and picnic areas, children's playgrounds, nearby cafes, restaurants and kiosks and fantastic conditions for swimming and water sports.

Perth

The Australian Alps

https://www.australia.com/en/places/melbourne-and-surrounds/guide-to-the-australian-alps.html https://www.mountainiq.com/australia-oceania/australian-alps/

In summer (December to February), climb to the top of Australia’s highest peak, Mount Kosciuszko, ride a mountain bike, bushwalk to a heritage hut or horse ride along alpine tracks.

Hike part of the 650-kilometre (403-mile) Australian Alps Walking Track or take in views while driving the Great Alpine Road.

In winter (June to August), hit the slopes at one of the many ski resorts or have fun trying out some snow activities.

The Kosciuszko Walk takes you to the summit of mainland Australia’s highest mountain. The hike takes you to the summit of Mount Kosciuszko, it is a 14km return walk and should take you around 5 hours to complete.

As the seat of the Government of Australia, Canberra is home to many important institutions of the federal government, national monuments and museums. This includes Parliament House, Government House and the High Court.

Canberra has been ranked among the world's best cities to live and visit.

It is an entirely planned city. In 1912, the Australian Government had a Federal Capital Design Competition to find a design for the nation's capital. They received 137 propositions from all over the world, including Mexico, Sweden, South Africa, Paraguay, France and India!


It became the capital city of Australia in 1927.

Canberra is known as Australia’s capital city and sometimes affectionately called The Bush capital. It is the eighth largest city in the country. It is in its own territory and not in a state: the Australian Capital Territory.

https://kids.kiddle.co/Canberra https://pavilioncanberra.com.au/feed/pavilion-blog/10-things-you-didn-t-know-about-canberra https://www.anfa-national.org.au/flying-the-flag/meaning-symbolism/

Canberra is the only city in the world where you can skydive over the country’s parliament house!

The Australian National flag

The Commonwealth Star: 6 points, one per state of Australia, plus one for the two territories.

The stars of the Southern Cross, which indicates that Australia is in the southern hemisphere.

The Union Jack

Canberra

Sydney is Australia’s largest and most famous city. 5.3 million people, live in the Greater Sydney area.

A temperate climate makes Sydney spectacular at any time of the year. Walk in pretty parks and gardens, walk along beaches, and marvel at Australia’s unique native animals and marine life at Taronga Zoo and SEA LIFE Sydney Aquarium year round.

Beyond Sydney there are many great destinations to explore in regional NSW, from some of the world’s best surfing beaches and national parks to wonderful wine regions.
The World Heritage-listed Blue Mountains are two hours from the city centre by train.

https://int.sydney.com/destinations/sydney https://kids.kiddle.co/New_South_Wales https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sydney_Opera_House

Shopping is a delight, with international brands available in modern shopping malls, the grand Queen Victoria Building, stylish boutiques and markets.

Sydney

Pay a visit to Sydney's opera house, one of the world's most famous and distinctive buildings and a masterpiece of 20th century architecture.

Aboriginal Australians

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/culture/article/aboriginal-australians https://www.aboriginalart.com.au https://www.aboriginal-art-australia.com https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Australian_Aboriginal_culture

Black - represents the Aboriginal people of Australia.

Red - represents the red earth, the red ochre used in ceremonies and Aboriginal people’s spiritual relation to the land.

Yellow disk - represents the Sun, the giver of life and protector.

Australia’s first people—known as Aboriginal Australians—have lived on the continent for over 50,000 years. Aboriginal Australians can be the oldest population of humans living outside of Africa!

There are many different groups, each with their own individual culture, belief structure and language.

Today, there are 250 distinct language groups spread throughout Australia and they represent 3% of Australia's population.

Most believe in the Dreamings, stories of when the Ancestral Spirits walked the land, created life and important physical geographic formations and sites and then transformed into trees, the stars, rocks, watering holes etc. The Dreamings are never-ending, linking the past, present and the people and the land.

Their Dreamings are passed on through various customs such as ceremonial body painting, storytelling song and dance. They often use the famous didgeridoo.

To learn more about Aboriginal history, click here

The aboriginal flag

When British colonisers began colonizing Australia in 1788, between 750,000 and 1.25 million Aboriginal Australians are estimated to have lived there. Soon, epidemics ravaged the island’s indigenous people, and British settlers took Aboriginal lands.

Between 1910 and 1970, government policies of assimilation led to between 10 and 33 percent of Aboriginal Australian children being taken from their homes by force. These “Stolen Generations” were put in adoptive families and institutions and forbidden from speaking their native languages. Their names were often changed.

Aboriginal Australian history

In 2008, Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd gave a national apology for the country’s actions toward Aboriginal Australians of the Stolen Generations.

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/culture/article/aboriginal-australians Film, Rabbit Proof Fence, 2002 https://australianstogether.org.au

To go back to the first page, click here.

Book - A.O. Neville, 'Australia's Coloured Minority: Its Place in the Community', Currawong Publishing Co, 1947

Uluru, also known as Ayers Rock, is the 600 million-year-old monolith that has attracted curiosity for thousands of years. From bushwalking and segways to helicopter rides, scenic flights and skydives, there are a number of manners to see Uluru.

The easiest way to explore the monolith is to walk around the base of Uluru. There are multiple bushwalks with great view points.The full base walk, which takes 3.5 hours, allows to see many of the important sites in and around Uluru.

A few fast facts:

- Uluru is the world's largest single rock, and second largest monolith.

- Like an iceberg, most of the rock is underground – no-one knows just how deep it goes.

- Uluru is 348 metres tall – 48 metres taller than the Eiffel Tower.

Uluru is incredibly sacred and spiritual for Aboriginal Australians.

https://northernterritory.com/uluru-and-surrounds/region-guide

​ ​Australia is famous to be the home to some of the most dangerous animals in the world. But the deadliest will surprise you.

The most dangerous animals

1st The Australian box jellyfish

2nd The blue ringed octopus

3rd The Coastal taipan

Their venom is considered to be the most deadly in the world, containing toxins that attack the heart, nervous system, and skin cells.

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/invertebrates/facts/box-jellyfish https://theculturetrip.com/pacific/australia/articles/australias-11-deadliest-animals/

The blue-ringed octopi are generally found living in coral reefs and tide pools. There is no antidote to their venom, the victim simply has to wait.

Before the introduction of specialised anti-venom in 1956, the coastal taipan was one of the most feared snake in the world causing death in as little as 30 minutes.

Be careful and have a good insurance when visiting Australia !

Landscape

The country's interior consists of arid and semi-arid zones which are referred to as 'outback'. About 70% of Australia are outback, while the coastal plains are more fertile and have the majority of Australia's population.

The "bush" is a greener part of the country, a little less desertic than the outback.

About 35% of Australia's land area are covered by deserts.

Most of Australia's population live in the eastern and southern parts of the country and along the coastline.

The outback

The bush

The desert

The coastline

adapted from https://www.kids-world-travel-guide.com/australia-facts.html

The Great Barrier Reef

The Great Barrier Reef is one of the seven wonders of the natural world, and viewing it from a distance, you can understand why.

It is larger than the Great Wall of China and the only living thing on earth visible from space.

The Great Barrier Reef’s impressive coral gardens reveal many amazing underwater attractions including the world’s largest collection of corals (in fact, more than 400 different types of coral), coral sponges, molluscs, rays, dolphins, over 1500 species of tropical fish, more than 200 types of birds, around 20 types of reptiles including sea turtles and giant clams over 120 years old.

It is situated here, near Queensland.

adapted from https://greatbarrierreef.org

Because of its natural beauty, the Great Barrier Reef has become one of the worlds most visited tourist destinations. A visitor to the Great Barrier Reef can enjoy many experiences including snorkelling, scuba diving, aircraft or helicopter tours, boats, educational trips, cruise ship tours, whale watching and swimming with dolphins.

To learn more about corals and the environment, click here.

The Great Barrier Reef is one of the richest and most complex natural ecosystems in the world, but climate change is the biggest danger to the future of coral reefs around the world.

adapted from https://www.barrierreef.org/the-reef/threats/climate-change
https://oceanservice.noaa.gov/facts/coral.html

So what exactly are corals?

Corals have an ancient and unique relation, called symbiosis, that benefits both animal and plant life in the ocean.

When corals are stressed by changes in their environment such as temperature, light, or nutrients, they expel the symbiotic algae living in their tissues, causing them to turn completely white.

To go back to the first page, click here.

When a coral bleaches, it is not dead. Corals can survive a bleaching event, but they are under more stress and are subject to mortality (they can get sick easily and die).

Corals are animals because they do not make their own food, as plants do. Corals have tiny, tentacle-like arms that they use to capture their food from the water and put it in their mouths.
Most structures that we call "coral" are, in fact, made up of hundreds to thousands of tiny coral creatures called polyps.

What is the problem?

Coral bleaching is of particular concern today as our climate changes and temperatures rise.