Created on February 8, 2022
More creations to inspire you
The history of Witches
Witches of Salem
Judge john hathorne
Sarah Osborne :
Sarah Osborne was born in 1943 in Watertown of Massachusetts. She later married a prominant man, Robert Prince, who was the brother-in-law and neighbor of Captaine John Putman. John Putman was the father of Robert Putman who were involved in the Salem Witch Trials and were partially responsible for the execution of those convicted of Witchcraft.
In 1692, Sarah Osborne became one of the first accused of witchcraft, when Betty Parris became ill with an unknow sickness. Both girls claimed that Sarah Osborne, along with Sarah Good and Tituba, had been afflicting them.
The warrent for Sarah Osborne's arrest was written for March, 1692.
Examination and Mittimus of Sarah Osborne, as Reorded by John Hathorne :
Tituba was born
Tituba was part of a group of 3 women, with Sarah Good and Sarah Osborne, who were the first to be arrested, on february 29 of 1692, under the accusation that spectres were afflicting the young girles in Parris' household. The 3 women were questionned separately. Sarah Good was the first interrogated by the jugde John Hathorne. Tituba was interrogated last and was the only of the three women to offer a full and elaborate confession against herself and pointing the finger of blame at the other two women: "Sarah Good and Osbourne would have me hurt the children."
HALE: Abigail, it may be your cousin is dying—Did you call the Devil last night?
ABIGAIL: I never called him! Tituba called him!
PARRIS: She called the Devil!
HALE: I should like to speak with Tituba.
PARRIS: (Takes Ann to door, and returns as she goes out.) Goody Ann, will you bring her up ?
HALE: How did she call him ?
ABIGAIL: I know not—she spoke Barbados.
HALE: Did you feel any strangeness when she called him? A sudden cold wind, perhaps ? A trembling below the ground ?
ABIGAIL: I didn‘t see no Devil!—(To Betty, frantically.) Betty, wake up, Betty! Betty !
HALE: You cannot evade me, Abigail.—Did your cousin drink any of the brew in that kettle ?
ABIGAIL: She never drank it !
HALE: Did you drink it ?
ABIGAIL: No, sir!
HALE: Did Tituba ask you to drink it ?
ABIGAIL: She tried but I refused.
HALE: Why are you concealing ? Have you sold yourself to Lucifer ?
ABIGAIL: I never sold myself! I‘m a good girl—I—(Ann enters with Tituba.) I did drink of the kettle !—She made me do it! She made Betty do it !
TITUBA: Abby !
ABIGAIL: She makes me drink blood!
PARRIS: Blood !!
ANN: My baby‘s blood?
TITUBA: No—no, chicken blood, I give she chicken blood !
HALE: Woman, have you enlisted these children for the devil ?
TITUBA: No-no, sir, I don‘t truck with the devil.
HALE: Why can she not wake? Are you silencing this child ?
TITUBA: I love me Betty !
HALE: You have sent your spirit out upon this child, have you not ? Are you gathering souls for the Devil ?
ABIGAIL: She send her spirit on me in church, she make me laugh at prayer !
PARRIS: She have often laughed at prayer!
ABIGAIL: She comes to me every night to go and drink blood !
TITUBA: You beg me to conjure, Abby! She beg me make charm.
ABIGAIL: I‘ll tell you something. She comes to me while I sleep; she‘s always making me dream corruptions !
Extract of the book, Crucible, Arthur Miller, 1953
Sarah Good :
Sarah Good was born in the 21th July 1953, in the Salem village, Province of Massachusett. The father of Sarah, John Solart, was an innkeeper but he committed suicide in 1962. She was died in the 29th July 1692, aged of 39 year. The Sarah’s family was poor and they are demanded of help for the accommodation, the food and the clothes.
She was one of the first women to be accused of witchcraft just like Sarah Osborne and Tituba.
The 25 February 1992, Sarah Good, with Sarah Osborn and Tituba, was named by Abigail Williams and Elizabeth Parris for hunting them during two months. A warrant for the arrest was filed on February 29 by Thomas Putnam, Edward Putnam and Thomas Preston of the Village of Salem against Sarah Good.
Official warrant for the Apprehension of Sarah Good and Officer’s Return :
Ann Putman :
Ann Putman was born on October 18, 1879. She is the eldest of 9 children in the Putnam family. She is one of the main witnesses in the affair of the witches in Salem in 1692. She accused several people of being sick or of having practiced witchcraft.
" PARRIS: But, Thomas, you cannot…
PUTNAM: Ann! Tell Mister Parris what you have done.
ANN: Reverend Parris, I have laid seven babies unbaptized in the earth. Believe me, Sir, you never saw more hearty babies born. And yet, each would wither in my arms the very night of their birth. And now, this year, my Ruth, my only-I see her turning strange. A secret child she has become this year, and shrivels like a sucking mouth were pullin‘ on her life, too. And so I thought to send her to your Tituba
PARRIS: To Tituba! What may Tituba….?
ANN: Tituba knows how to speak to the dead, Mister Parris.
PARRIS: Goody Ann, it is a formidable sin to conjure up the dead!
ANN: I take it on my soul, but who else may surely tell us who murdered my babies.
ANN: They were murdered, Mister Parris! And mark this proof!"
Extract of the book, Crucible, Arthur Miller, 1953
In 1706, Ann apologized for her participation inthe Salem Witch Trials. She died at the age of 37.
Abigail Williams :
Abigail Williams was born in 1681. She was an 11 or 12 years-old, along with 9 years-old Betty Parris, was among the first of the children to falsely their neighbors of witchcraft in 1692.
In early 1692, Abigail Williams was living with her realtive, Betty Parris' father, the village pastor Samuel Parris, along with his two slaves Tituba and John Indian.She accused Tituba, Sarah Good and Sarah Osborne of hurting acquired children.
Puritanism - 17th century New Englang
Strict rules of the community
,- Public shame
- No fashionable accessories
- suit moral code
Written by J.K. Rowling
Cliff Richard - Devil Woman
Chilling Adventures of Sabrina | Straight to Hell
The phenomenon McCathyism
The modern witch hunt
00 The McCarthyism
In the United Sates, between 1930 and 1940, there was a small group of communists who supported the Soviet Union.
01 The McCarthyism
The communists are modern witches because they are persecuted. The victims come from various background: media, cinema and political. In addition, two very high people: Joseph McCarthy, a republican senator from Wisconsin and Richard Nixon. They are created of false proof for accused victims of McCarthyism phenomenon. House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) is a committee of the U.S. House of Representatives, established in 1938 under Martin Dies as chairman, that conducted investigations into alleged communist activities. Those investigated included many artists and entertainers. The committee's anti-communist investigations are often associated with McCarthyism, although Joseph McCarthy had no direct involvement with the House committee.
The Hollywood Ten
02 The McCarthyism
The Hollywood Ten are 10 people of the cinema in Hollywood who are been blacklisted to be considered as communists. The 10 were Alvah Bessie, Herbert Biberman, Lester Cole, Edward Dmytryk, Ring Lardner, John Howard Lawson, Albert Maltz, Samuel Ornitz, Adrian Scott, and Dalton Trumbo.
Lester Cole (Hollywood Ten)
03 The McCarthyism
Lester Cole was a American screenwriter born in 1904. Lester Cole began his career as an actor but soon turned to screenwriting. He joined with John Howard Lawson and Samuel Ornitz to establish the Writers Guild of America, and in 1934 joined the American communist party. Cole was one of the Hollywood Ten. It’s a group of screenwriters and directors.
The Modern Witches Hunt in Africa
Cameroon, Africa, 2010-2020
Several African states, including Cameroon, have reestablished witchcraft-accusations in courts after their independence. From Cameroon, Robert Brain and Peter Geschiere delivered ethnographic accounts on a child-witchcraft scare that tended to remain largely peacefully. After confessions, the accused or self-accused children were rewarded with large amounts of meat to induce a purifying vomiting. In addition, witch doctors have been used as expert witnesses in trials, according to a 1998 study.
In 2014, in Cameroon, a 16 year-old girl was killed. Rumors indicate that she was accused of practicing witchcraft. So, a person assassinated her.
Cameroonian President Paul Biya urged citizens to use witchcraft against Boko Haram, the Islamic State-affiliated militants who have terrorized West Africa for years.
Insight TWI's Sorious Samura investigates witch trials in the Central African Republic for Al Jazeera English (2009).
Central African Republic, Africa, 2009
The Modern Witches Hunt in Africa