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Auckland is the most populous urban area of the country, with almost 1,463,000 inhabitants (June 2021). The city is located in the north island of New Zealand, in the Auckland region.

The Auckland Region accounts for about one-third of New Zealand's population. But, the fact that it is not the capital of the country is weird. New Zealand’s capital is Wellington, located in the south of the North Island.

New Zealand growth, by region.

By the way, the map shows the increase of population in New Zealand. The Auckland region is about 7 percent of population increase. That is based on the 2006 and 2013 censuses.

In 2018, there were 1,346,091 inhabitants, so it is an expansion of +8.69% the city growth.

Auckland is still growing.

Auckland is the perfect base from which to explore the scenic coastline and hidden coves of the diverse North Island.

Auckland is the perfect base from which to explore the scenic coastline and hidden coves of the diverse North Island.

Why is Auckland a bigger population centre than Wellington?

In fact, the north of the North Island has better farmland than the south, because it is the flatter quarter of the country and it is mostly wet. It is also more windy in Wellington. So it is more difficult to land. So more flights are cancelled in Wellington, than are not in Auckland.

Then, Auckland has always been the biggest port of the country, maybe because of its location. The city has always been the most obvious airline gateway too and voyagers. Moreover, It’s also difficult to spread out vertically in Wellington. The earthquake risk in Wellington dissuades the construction of high-rise apartment buildings. In consequence, the urban area development is more easier in Auckland. That is a reason than Auckland is the biggest city in the country.

City growth

As you can see on the graphic, this is a projection of the Auckland Region's population growth to 2031.

This potential increase will have an impact on transports, housing and other infrastructure.

Population Density

Auckland's population density is generally low : 1,210 people per square kilometre.

London has 4,760, Los Angeles 2,846...

Urban extension and scope :

In this city nestled between two big natural harbours, water is never far away…

Auckland's biggest landmark is Rangitoto Island, which can be seen from all over the city.

Mount End : an inner city volcano, where you can see the sparkling light reveal some of the city’s finest buildings.

Piha beach : it's a famous spot for experienced surfers… other west coast beaches are equally stunning and good for sandcastles, fishing, paddling and long walks on the beach

Nicknamed the city of sails, Auckland has more boats per capita than anywhere else in the world.

In addition to the big coastal surfaces, New Zealand's topography is mountainous and volcanic. Thus, the transport was difficult to set up at the time of industrialization (the roads were winding and long).

The country has really developed the means of transport (especially air transport) even if the trips between major cities sometimes require various transports (train, road and ferry).

In Auckland there are different modes of transport :

  • Bus → Buses provide about 70% of public transport travel in Auckland. An unlimited number of buses connecting the suburbs and downtown Auckland

  • Electric train → The various network improvements have led to a rapid growth in the number of rail users, from a minimum of 1 million annual users in 1994 to more than 20 million in 2017.

  • Ferry → About 7 million ferry trips a year are made in Auckland

In Auckland public transport is still quite low. In the 2013 Census, about 8% of commuting journeys were by public transit. Auckland’s rapid population growth is a priority for the city of Auckland.