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Transcript

The Battle of Little Big Horn

the 7th Regiment of the US army is crushed by the Indian warriors. Their victory is complete and bloody, and the event will stay in the minds for a long time.

On the 25th and the 26 th of June,

In the course of their installation, the European settlers pushed back their border with Native Americans further and further. The Native eventually were entreched in the Great Plains in the West, and with the end of the Civil War and with the activity of the railroad, they became even more threatened. The tensions were intense.

the conflict from a far distance, and truly believed in the invicibilty of their army.

19th century

History of the United States

What a shock for the population,

History of the United States

who was living

Passengers were encourage, when the train stopped, to slaughter neddlessly hords of buffaloes for sport.

An inevitable confontation ?

As the industrialisation and the gold rush increased, it became obvious that the nomadic and hunting culture of the Amerindians could not coexist in peace with the frenetic profit-oriented culture of the white settlers, always in search for new lands. They strain the Native Americans to give up

The fleeing village

their nomadic life to live in reservations, by establishing treaties with them, such as the Treaty of Fort Laramie in 1868 made with Lakota leaders. But not all of them were agree on playing by the rule of the US, and forgive the affront they made to them. Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse were one of them.

When the Americans broke an important treaty reserving the lands of the Black Hills for the Sioux tribes, because they found gold in its soil, it was the final straw. The Lakota Sioux, Northern Cheyenne, Arpaho tribes decided to join their forces against the US government and make a strong impact to defend their lands and their precious buffaloes. But as the warriors were endlessly moving, it was very difficult for the US army to attack them

Custer, Crazy Horse, Sitting Bull

The battle

The battle took place in the valley of the river Little Big Horn, a treacherous land with hidden ravines and channels. It is the perfect area for the Native Americans, because they knew it well.
The two warring were fairly confident. Sitting Bull had had a vision announcing the defeat of their ennemy, and the tribes had gathred a colossal army of about 2000 warriors. On the other hand, the 7th Cavalry, of 600 men, led by the famous colonnel Custer had chosen to attack the Native by dividing themselves in three parts. But they dangerously under-estimated the number of warriors and the area.

On the 25th of June, the Native Americans took the US by surprise, being so numerous, and quickly reversed the trend. Then they hunted them like buffalo hords, shooting them wiht their arrows and showing no mercy. The massacred at least five companies, and killed their leader, the colonnel Custer. Because of so many losses, they were made martyrs of the war between the US government and the Natives, and sometimes to such an extent that people would forget that their brave army had also their hands covered in the blood of Amerindians.

Sitting Bull

1841-1877

Crazy Horse

1831-90

Sitting Bull was a feared and highly respected Dakota chief. Although he was a great hunter in his youth, he became later a healer and "holy" (spiritual) man. As he was skilled in politic, and demonstrate a good mastery in startegy, he was recognised as good chief. Sitting Bull faced the US military several times, but he is mostly famous for the battle of Little Big Horn. There, he succeeded to unite the Sioux forces of the Great Plains, and make a landslide victory on Custer's Regiment.

Crazy Horse fought along with Sitting Bull and the 1000 warriors he led in the Battle of Little Big Horn. He was a courageous and tenace warrior, who fought for his poeple against the US military until his death. He was an unconventional man for his tribe, because he had lighter skin complexion, curly hair, and in particular did not apply all the Sioux's traditional rituals. Today, the Crazy Horse Memorial located in the Black Hills celebrates his memory.

Colonnel George Armstrong Custer

1839-76

Custer was a military officer famous for his campaign during the Civil War, and even more for his action against the Native American during the war he led against them. He is celebrated as a martyr of the Little Big Horn battle, the whole Amrican culture glorifying his death with movies, books, newspapers... However, he is a controversial figure. He had been several times accused of leaving his troops, and he played a big part in the repression and killing of the Native Americans. He died on the battlefield of Little Big Horn, shot by firegun.

Consequences

The Ameridians won the battle of Little Bighorn, though they did not won the war. For the US, it was an humiliation but also an act of savagery that sacred them even more. It made them realise that their conquest would be as esay as they believed it. Their enemies had still energy left in reserve.

As a consenquece, the repression against Native Americans became even more violent, and they took even more drastic steps. Eight mounths later, the US won the Great Sioux Warand confined to reservations nearly all their Plains Indian adversaries. Sitting Bull flew in Canada, but eventually had to surrender, as most of the insurgents did. In the aftermath, the Black Hills belonged to the US government nearly for free. Nothing could stop the gold rush and the longing for money of the white settlers.